ESCI 386 – Oceanography - Fall 2010 Instructor: Alvaro Montenegro Contact: email – firstname.lastname@example.org ; 867 2145 Office hours: Mondays, 14:00 to 17:00 (other times by appointment) Resources: Online Textbook: Introduction to Physical Oceanography, Robert Stewart http://oceanworld.tamu.edu/home/course_book.htm Ocean circulation. Angela Colling, Open University Press Selected passages will be made available to the class. An introduction to the World’s Oceans. Sverdrup, Duxbury and Duxbury, McGraw Hill Selected passages will be made available to the class. Estuaries, a physical introduction, K.R. Dyer. Selected passages will be made available to the class. Ocean Biogeochemical dynamics, J.L Sarmiento and N. Gruber Selected passages will be made available to the class. Tentative Outline*: 1. Basics Reading: Stewart, chapter 3, “The Physical Setting” Lecture: Physcial Setting 2. Density and stratification Reading: Stewart, chapter 6, “Temperature Salinity Density” 3. Wind generated flow: Ekman Reading: Passages from Ocean Circulation 4. Primary Production 4.1 Some facts about life in the oceans Reading: Sverdrup et al., Chapter 13, “The Living Ocean”. 4.2 Introduction to Plankton Reading: Marine Ecosystems and Plankton sections online Marine Science text by Genny Anderson. http://www.marinebio.net/marinescience/03ecology/mlindex.htm Reading 2: Sverdrup et al., Chapter 15, “The plankton, drifters ...”. 4.3 Controls of Primary Production Reading: Sverdrup et al., Chapter 14, “Production and Life”. 5. Geostrophy and oceanic gyres Reading: Stewart, chapter 10, “Geostrophic Currents” 6. Heat transport, water masses and meridional overturning circulation Reading: Colling, Chapter 6 (selections), “Global Fluxes and the Deep Circulation” 7. Carbon in the Ocean 7.1 Gas exchanges between ocean and atmosphere Reading: Sarmiento and Grouber, chapter 3 (selected portions) 7.2 The ocean carbon cycle Reading: Sarmiento and Grouber, chapter 3 (selected portions) 8. Estuarine Circulation Reading, : Dyer, (pg 1-10). Reading 2: What drives estuarine circulation? Notes by Jody M. Klymak. * Sequence might change. There might not be time to cover all themes. End of term project Five groups of three students each will write and present report on one particular aspect of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill. The reports will be on : How does oil get formed. Geology of the Gulf and why do we thing there is oil there. How do we find it? How do we extract it? Physical conditions. Mean circulation in the Gulf and how currents moved the oil. Chemistry of oil spills in sea water and what happened to the spilled oil? The potential impacts of oil on biota and fishing resources. What happened on this case? What happened? How do spills occur and which are more common?Why did this platform fail? How did they plug it? What were the engineering and financial/policy measures taken to minimize the environmental and social impact of the event? Grading: 10% Demonstrations/Labs 30% Quiz 1 30% Quiz 2 30% End of term project (debates) ** ** Participation of the audience is fundamental for the debate. One third of the end term project grade (10% of the total grade) is based on individual presence during other groups’ presentations.