JSSS Student Acids and Bases Investigation 1 - Effect of solutions on coloured paper 1. Collect pieces of red paper no.1, red paper no.2, blue paper no.1 and blue paper no.2 from your teacher. 2. Test the solutions labelled as A, B, C, D and E in turn with each type of paper. Use new pieces of paper for each test. Record your results in the table. Solution Effect on red Effect on red Effect on blue Effect on blue paper no. 1 paper no. 2 paper no. 1 paper no. 2 A B C D E 3. Why do you think that it is important to use new pieces of paper for each test? _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ 4. Divide the solutions that behaved in the same way into groups. Write down your groups. _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ Fact Certain substances, for example hydrochloric acid, are called acids. Other substances, for example sodium hydroxide, are called bases. Substances that are neither acids nor bases are called neutral. The red paper that changed colour in some of your tests is called red litmus paper. The blue paper that changed colour in some of your -1- tests is called blue litmus paper.