Meteorology Textbook #3: Pages 344-365 Questions #1-29, pages 369-370 Reading Checks: Page 345- Three conditions for thunderstorm growth. 1. Moisture 2. Lifting 3. Stability Page 352- Tornado is a violent, whirling column of air in contact with the ground. Page 356- When water vapor condenses, the formation of a cyclone occurs. Page 363- The cause of serious health problems associated with heat waves are heart-stroke, sun-stroke, and even death. Page 364- The Sun’s energy has little effect on air temperature in the artic because during the winter there is little sunlight available to provide warmth. Questions #1-29: 1. Sea-breeze thunderstorm 2. Supercells 3. Cold wave-The opposite of a heat wave, which is an extended period of below-average temperatures. Wind-chill factor-The effects of cold air on the human body are magnified by wind. 4. Eye- Calm center of tropical cyclone that develops when the winds around its center reach at least 120 km/h. Eye wall- Band where the strongest winds in a hurricane are usually concentrated, surrounding the eye. 5. Air-mass thunderstorm- Type of thunderstorm in which air rises because of unequal heating of Earth’s surface within a single air mass and I most common during the afternoon and evening. Frontal thunderstorm- Type of thunderstorm usually produced by an advancing cold front, which can result in a line of thunderstorms hundreds of kilometers long, or, more rarely, an advancing warm front, which can result in a relatively mild thunderstorm. 6. Stepped leader- The channel of partially charged air; the breakdown in charges in between positive and negative regions. Return stroke- A branch channel of positively charged ions that rushes upward from the ground to meet the stepped leader. 7. Storm surge 8. Downbursts 9. Tropical cyclone 10. Cold wave 11. Saffir-Simpson hurricane scale 12. (4) unstable air 13. (3) land breeze 14. (2 ) partially charged air 15. (3 ) Warm ocean water 16. (1 ) Compression 17. (2 ) Drought 18. (4) Thunderstorm moving at 2 m/s 19. (3 ) Storm surge 20. (1 ) 1 percent 21. (2 ) Surface moisture 22. (4 ) South Atlantic 23. (2 ) Polar high-pressure systems 24. The effect humidity has on the heat index is that is air is humid, the rate of evaporation is reduced, which diminishes the body’s ability to regulate internal temp. 25. As the cumulus cloud is growing at a fast rate, it factors of unstable conditions. The continuation of the cloud developing into a cumulonimbus clouds, possibly a thunderstorm is going to perform. 26. There will be a wind force of 12 on the Beaufort scale (equal to or exceeding 64 knots or 74 mph). Violent winds, and steady rainfall. 27. Tornadoes is a violent, whirling column of air in contact with the ground. Hurricane is a storm with a violent wind, in particular a tropical cyclone in the Caribbean. 28. Microburst- A sudden, powerful, localized air current, esp. a downdraft; difficult to predict and detect. Macroburst- Can cause a path of distruction up to 5km wide. Have wind speeds of more than 200 km/h and can last up to 30 minutes. Smaller in size, through deadlier in force. 29. Strong winds and precipitation at most.