Meteorology Textbook #3

Meteorology Textbook #3:
Pages 344-365
Questions #1-29, pages 369-370
Reading Checks:
Page 345- Three conditions for thunderstorm growth.
1. Moisture
2. Lifting
3. Stability
Page 352- Tornado is a violent, whirling column of air in contact with the
Page 356- When water vapor condenses, the formation of a cyclone
Page 363- The cause of serious health problems associated with heat
waves are heart-stroke, sun-stroke, and even death.
Page 364- The Sun’s energy has little effect on air temperature in the artic
because during the winter there is little sunlight available to provide
Questions #1-29:
1. Sea-breeze thunderstorm
2. Supercells
3. Cold wave-The opposite of a heat wave, which is an extended period
of below-average temperatures.
Wind-chill factor-The
effects of cold air on the human body are magnified by wind.
4. Eye- Calm center of tropical cyclone that develops when the winds
around its center reach at least 120 km/h.
wall- Band where the strongest winds in a hurricane are usually
concentrated, surrounding the eye.
5. Air-mass thunderstorm- Type of thunderstorm in which air rises
because of unequal heating of Earth’s surface within a single air
mass and I most common during the afternoon and evening.
Frontal thunderstorm- Type of thunderstorm usually produced by
an advancing cold front, which can result in a line of thunderstorms
hundreds of kilometers long, or, more rarely, an advancing warm
front, which can result in a relatively mild thunderstorm.
6. Stepped leader- The channel of partially charged air; the breakdown
in charges in between positive and negative regions.
Return stroke- A branch channel of positively charged ions that
rushes upward from the ground to meet the stepped leader.
7. Storm surge
8. Downbursts
9. Tropical cyclone
10. Cold wave
11. Saffir-Simpson hurricane scale
12. (4) unstable air
13. (3) land breeze
14. (2 ) partially charged air
15. (3 ) Warm ocean water
16. (1 ) Compression
17. (2 ) Drought
18. (4) Thunderstorm moving at 2 m/s
19. (3 ) Storm surge
20. (1 ) 1 percent
21. (2 ) Surface moisture
22. (4 ) South Atlantic
23. (2 ) Polar high-pressure systems
24. The effect humidity has on the heat index is that is air is humid, the
rate of evaporation is reduced, which diminishes the body’s ability to
regulate internal temp.
25. As the cumulus cloud is growing at a fast rate, it factors of
unstable conditions. The continuation of the cloud developing into a
cumulonimbus clouds, possibly a thunderstorm is going to perform.
26. There will be a wind force of 12 on the Beaufort scale (equal to or
exceeding 64 knots or 74 mph). Violent winds, and steady rainfall.
27. Tornadoes is a violent, whirling column of air in contact with the
ground. Hurricane is a storm with a violent wind, in particular a
tropical cyclone in the Caribbean.
28. Microburst- A sudden, powerful, localized air current, esp. a
downdraft; difficult to predict and detect. Macroburst- Can cause a
path of distruction up to 5km wide. Have wind speeds of more than
200 km/h and can last up to 30 minutes. Smaller in size, through
deadlier in force.
29. Strong winds and precipitation at most.