The Oceans Affect on Climate

The Oceans Effect on Climate
As the ocean absorbs incoming sunlight, its surface warms, the
ocean takes longer to heat up than land but it also takes longer to
cool down. This is known as specific heat, the ocean is like a heat
sink. The ocean emits (gives off) some of its heat up into the
atmosphere, both in the form of thermal energy and water vapor,
creating winds, and rain clouds due to evaporation of the ocean. In
turn, surface winds push against the surface of the ocean, creating
currents that help control the distribution of warm and cold waters
around the globe. Typically warm water from the equator is moved
toward the poles.
Where surface waters are cooler, they allow even colder, deeper
depths to up-well (come up to the surface). Where sea surface
temperatures are cold, local air temperatures also tend to be cooler
due to the surface winds dragging across the water. On the other
hand, where sea surface temperatures are warm, local air
temperatures tend to be warmer due the heat emitted by the water.