Systems of Linear Equations in Two Variables:

```Systems of Linear Equations in Two Variables, Types of Solutions and Real
Life Problems:
A system of two linear equations in two variables has the form
a1 x  b1 y  c1

a2 x  b2 y  c2
We can use either substitution or elimination method to solve systems
algebraically. Since elimination is normally easiest, the majority of the following
problems with be solved using the elimination method.
Number of Solutions of a Linear System in Two Variables
For a system of linear equations in two variables, exactly one of the following is
true:
1)
The system has exactly one solution
2)
The system has no solution (inconsistent)
3)
The system has infinitely many solutions (dependent)
A system that has no solution is said to be inconsistent. A system with infinitely
many solutions is called dependent.
Case 1
Case 2
Case 3
(System with one solution, (System with no solutions, (System with infinite
lines intersect at one point)
lines are parallel)
number of solutions,
lines coincide, equations
are for the same line)
A Linear System with One Solution:
1)
Solve the system:
3x  y  0

5 x  2 y  22
A Linear System with No Solution:
2)
Solve the system:
8 x  2 y  5

 12 x  3 y  7
A Linear System with Infinitely Many Solutions
3)
Solve the system:
3x  6 y  12

4 x  8 y  16
Guidelines for Modeling with Systems of Equations:
1)
Identify the Variables:
Identify the quantities the problem asks
you to find. These are usually determined by a careful reading of
the question posed at the end of the problem. Introduce notation
for the variables.
2)
Express All Unknown Quantities in Terms of the Variables: Read
the problem again and express all the quantities mentioned in the
problem in terms of the variables you defined in Step 1.
3)
Set Up a System of Equations: Find the crucial facts in the
problem that give the relationships between the expressions you
found in Step 2. Set up a system of equations that expresses these
relationships.
4)
Solve the System and Interpret the Results:
Solve the system
you found in Step 3, check your solutions, and state your final