Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) Simulation

Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) Simulation: Evaluating the effectiveness of web-based
video feedback
Background and rationale
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is mandatory for nurses and is an important part of nursing
education as nurses often discover the victims of in-hospital cardiac arrests. Poor knowledge and
skill retention following cardiopulmonary resuscitation training for nursing and medical staff has been
well documented (Hamilton, 2005). Subsequently the international Liaison Committee on
Resuscitation(ILCOR) have recommended moving from instructor-directed, task orientated training to
scenario-based simulations including team leading skills (Owen et al 2006). Simulation based
training is gaining more recognition in healthcare as a method of training that incorporates adult
learning theory, real-time clinical situations, and debriefing of the scenario to allow a healthcare team
an opportunity to practice skills and evaluate their performance (Yaeger & Arafeh, 2008). Videotaping
is a useful tool for providing feedback and may be employed in simulation (Fry et al 2003; Pulman et
al 2008).
We plan to utilise the current late night learning simulation sessions, which are very popular and
offered inter-professionally, to include designated CPR simulation. We intend to invite students to
attend these sessions and plan to evaluate the effectiveness of a web-based video feedback system.
We believe this has huge potential to enhance student learning and retention of CPR skills and
knowledge. If successful, this could have an impact on optimizing survival for the victims of cardiac
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Hamilton, R. (2005). Nurses' knowledge and skil retention following cariopulmonary resuscitation
training: a review of the literature. Journal of Advanced Nursing , 288-297.
Owen, H., Mugford, B., & Follows, V. (2006). Comparison of three simulation-based training methods
for management of medical emergencies. Resuscitation , 204-211.
Pulman, A., Scammel, J., & M, M. (2008). Enabling interprofessional education: the role of technology
to enahnce learning. Nurse Education Today (in Press) , available online at
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Yaeger, K., & Arafeh, J. (2008). Making the move from traditional neonatal education to simulationbased training. J Perinat Neonat Nurs , 154-8.