For every piece of prose: 1. Chronology: how is time handled? Does the author use flashback? Foreshadow? Does the narrative take place in a linear fashion? Does it jump around? 2. Point of view – 1st person central, peripheral; 3rd person omniscient, limited, cinematic Monologue – direct interior monologue; narrator gives details of thoughts and feelings as they happen; brings you closer to the character --narrated interior monologue: thoughts and feelings of character in 3rd person, usually in past tense - less intimate 3. Characterization – how the author creates characters 4. Setting: physical setting; usually reflects some feature of the thoughts or feelings being explored in the text 5. Patterns of meaning – the ideas, themes, motifs that presented and reinforced through literary features (repetition or restatement) 6. Patterns of syntax – the way that sentences are constructed. Use parallelism, antithesis, and other rhetorical strategies 7. Patterns of imagery – how the author paints pictures or represents other senses 8. Patterns of sound – repetition, accumulation, alliteration, and other “sounds” – can even be dialect – that produce tone, mood, and atmosphere 9. Sentence structure – simple, complex, lose, fragmented, balanced 10. Paragraphs – examine length, structure – both internally and between paragraphs. 11. Overall structure of the piece – chapters, book divisions, frames, how chapters are sectioned – breaks indicated with blank lines or with symbols. What changes? How are sections titled?