Literacy Concepts and Skills Taught

Literacy Concepts and Skills
Phonemic Awareness: (all oral)
Identify and produce rhyming words
Hear same beginning and ending sounds.
Oral blending of syllables and sounds
Oral segmentation of syllables and sounds
Differentiate individual sounds
Delete sounds from words
Substitute sounds in words
Concepts about Print:
Front and back of book
First page of story
Title page
Difference between pictures and words
Beginning of line of print
Directionality: left to right, top to bottom
Return sweep
Number of words in a sentence
Number of letters in a word
Beginning of a word
Print carries meaning
Alphabetic principle: that letters and words represent what we say
Consonants: all the letters minus the vowels
Blends: st, bl, sp, sw, fr…
Endings: ay, ing
Digraphs: sh, ch, th
Long vowels: when a vowel says it’s name
Short vowels: when a vowel says its other sound
Simple word patterns: at, op, am, in, ate, …
Decoding strategies of blending: sounding out words
Chunking: finding smaller known parts within larger words
High frequency word knowledge: the, was, are, have, like, to, is…
Reading Strategies and Comprehension:
Using prior knowledge to understand stories
Making reasonable predictions before and during stories
Making simple inferences
Appreciation of different types of text
Motivated to become literate
Reading for pleasure and information
Use self-correcting
Use summarizing
Coordination of decoding and comprehension strategies
Tools writers use
Sharing stories orally
Sharing stories with pictures
Recognizable illustrations
Details in illustrations
Illustration matches story
Labeling illustrations
Write first and last name
Write left to right; top to bottom
Use beginning and ending sounds
Use vowels
Use spaces between words
Write on the lines
Use some high frequency words
Begin to use punctuation
Write simple personal narratives
Write personal responses
Use correct handwriting form