Western Expansion Test

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Imperialism Test Study Guide (USII.5a,b)
1. Define imperialism.
Policy in which a stronger industrialized nation takes control of a smaller, weaker nation in order to gain raw
materials and new markets
2. List the four causes of the Spanish-American War.
1 – Protection of American business interests in Cuba
2 - American support of Cuban rebels to gain independence from Spain
3 – Rising tensions between Spain and the United States as a result of the sinking of the USS Maine in
Havana Harbor
4 – Exaggerated news reports of events (yellow journalism)
3. Define yellow journalism.
Exciting and exaggerated stories printed by a newspaper to gain more readers and get Americans to support
the war
4. In what year did the Spanish-American War take place?
5. Who was president at the start of the Spanish-American War?
President William McKinley
6. What were the two locations of fighting during the Spanish-American War?
Cuba and the Philippines
7. Describe the war in Cuba.
Started with a naval blockade around Cuba; then the land invasion happened; Rough Riders and others
battled the Spanish troops on San Juan Hill; American victory
8. Who were the Rough Riders?
A group of athletes, miners, cowboys, etc. who fought in Cuba at San Juan Hill; they were led by Theodore
Roosevelt, who was the assistant secretary of the Navy at that time
9. Describe the war in the Philippines.
Led by Admiral George Dewey; surprise attack on the Spanish fleet at Manila Bay; American victory
10. What ended the Spanish-American War?
Treaty of Paris signed by United States and Spain in August 1898
11. List the three results of the Spanish-American War.
1 - Cuba gained independence from Spain
2 – The United States gained possession of the Philippines, Guam, and Puerto Rico
3 – The United States emerged as a world power
12. What American foreign policy helped build the Panama Canal during the presidency of Theodore Roosevelt?
Big Stick Diplomacy
13. Describe the building of the Panama Canal.
United States took over the construction from France; helped Panama gain independence from Columbia;
took 10 years to build and $380 million; provided a shortcut from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean for
military and commercial ships
14. What was the Monroe Doctrine?
Presented by President James Monroe saying that Europe should stay out of the Americas
15. What was the Roosevelt Corollary?
Asserted the United States’ right to interfere in the economic matters of other nations in the Americas;
claimed the United States’ right to exercise international police power; addition to the Monroe Doctrine;
presented by President Theodore Roosevelt; continued idea of Monroe Doctrine for the rest of the world to
stay out of the Americas
**Know the locations of the United States, Spain, Cuba and the Philippines on a world map (study the
last page of your note packet)