Talking Circles and Oral Tradition Outcome: I3. Mi’kmaq Studies 10: Our Stories • Students will be expected to demonstrate an understanding of the role of storytelling in First Nations cultures and an openness to listen to the voices of First Nations peoples as they speak of the Mi’kmaq experience. Materials: Handout – Oral Tradition Blank paper 11*17 Handout – Talking Circles Article Organizer Procedure: Tell students Mi’Kmaw was an oral language. Ask – what does this mean? Use this to spawn some discussion. After the discussion inform them that one of the consequences of this is that stories are passed down from generation to generation. As well, there are important messages that need to be communicated. Part of this communication is the style in which it is done. A main tool for communication was the talking circle. Ask students if they have ever heard of the talking circle. Ask students for their meaning of the circle. Tell them that we will refine this definition through out this lesson. Give students “The Talking Circle” article and review with the class. Once read break students into groups of 4. Call their attention to the guidelines for conduct in a talking circle. Give each group a large piece of paper and ask them to create a poster/visual that uses the guidelines. I will post these so collect at the end of the activity. Tell students that once they had the tools for communication they were able to communicate meaningful messages. These were passed down through the generations by story tellers. The passing of messages through generations through the use of talking is called oral tradition. Give students the oral tradition articles and organizers. Have them read the article and complete the organizers. If time have students complete and pass in the formative assessments. If there is not enough time students will need to complete them at home and bring them next class.