A small volume of very concentrated urine

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A small volume of very concentrated
urine
I am the name of the ions that carbon
dioxide gas are transported in
Jaundice
I am what happens to the ammonia that is
formed during deamination of an amino
acid whilst the organic acid like pyruvic
acid enters the respiratory pathway
Glucose, Amino Acids and Sodium
Chloride
This is the name of the process that
allows substances to be reabsorbed
against the concentration gradient
Proximal Convoluted Tubule
Bilirubin
I am what forms when bilirubin is
attached to bile and gives faeces their
brown colour
120 days
I am the three places that red blood cells
are broken down
Pulmonary Artery
I am what happens to drugs in the liver to
detoxify them
Water and Oxygen
I am the name of the convoluted tubule
that is furthest from the Bowman’s
Capsule
Cirrhosis
I am what alcohol is converted to in the
liver cells to take part in respiration
I am the name of the amino acid that
unwanted food substances like
preservatives get attached to act as a
recognisable molecular label for the
kidneys
Hydrogen Ions
I am what bicarbonate ions combine with
in the red blood cells to form carbonic
acid
I am what the blood vessel that carries
deoxygenated blood to the lungs
Bile Pigment
I am the substance that haemoglobin from
red blood cells is broken down into
They are chemically altered and excreted
as bile or released into the bloodstream
I am the other component of bile that
emulsifies lipids
Catalase
I am the two harmless products that are
formed from the breakdown of hydrogen
peroxide by catalase enzyme
Enters the ornithine cycle and is mixed
with carbon dioxide to from urea
I am the tiny filtering units in the kidneys
of which there around 1 million
Bicarbonate Ions
Liver, Spleen and Bone Marrow
I am the name of the enzyme that breaks
down hydrogen peroxide in the liver
The Amino Acid Glycine
I am the cells that line the liver that gets
rid of foreign particles
Acetyl CoA
I am the name of the chronic progressive
disease of the liver that is often fatal
Bile Salts
Macrophages
I am what a person suffers from if
bilirubin builds up in the bloodstream
Renal Artery
I am the number of days that red blood
cells last for
Nephrons
I am the three substances all reabsorbed
in the proximal convoluted tubule
Loop of Henle
I am the knot of blood capillaries in each
nephron that is surrounded by a
Bowman’s Capsule
Basement Membrane
I am the two processes carried out by the
kidney
I am the name of the artery that brings
blood at high pressure into the kidneys
Glomerular Filtrate
Distal Convoluted Tubule
I am the name of the name of the
membrane that is found in the glomerulus
wall that allows all materials to pass
through to the Bowman’s Capsule apart
from Protein
Glomerulus
I am the name of the U-shaped stretch of
Tubule between each convoluted region
I am the name of the convoluted tubule of
the nephron that is closest to the
Bowman’s Capsule
Osmosis which is a passive process
I am the name of the fluid that passes into
the Bowman’s Capsule having been
squeezed through the glomerulus
Ascending and Decending Limbs
I am the two limbs of the loop of henle
I am the substance that can be reabsorbed
in the descending limb but not the
ascending limb as the wall of the
ascending limb is impermeable to this
substance
Active Transport which is an active
process
Water and Sodium Chloride
I am the hormone responsible for
regulating the amount of water
reabsorbed by the kidneys
Ultrafiltration and Reabsorption
Anti-Diuretic Hormone (ADH)
I am the process by which 85% of the
water is reabsorbed in the proximal
convoluted tubule
Water
I am the quantity of ADH released by the
pituitary gland when water levels in the
blood are too high
They become less permeable
I am the substances reabsorbed in the
distal convoluted tubule but in much
smaller quantities
A small quantity of ADH
I am how much ADH is released when
water levels are too low in the blood so
that more water is reabsorbed into blood
I am what happens to the kidney tubules
and collecting ducts when only a little
ADH is released
Large Volume of Dilute Urine produced
A large quantity of ADH
I am the quantity of urine produced when
a lot of ADH is released when there is
very little water in the blood and the
kidneys and collecting ducts become
more permeable
I am the quantity of urine produced when
a little ADH is released when there is too
much water in the blood and the kidneys
and collecting ducts become less
permeable
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