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Advanced Environmental Issues Quiz - Biodiveristy
Choose the best answer and record it on the Scantron sheet.
19.
Which of the following are means by which humans contribute to habitat loss and ecosystem degradation?
a. deforestation
b. road building
c. commercial development
d. construction of dams
e. all of the above
20.
Which of the following is not a means by which humans contribute to the endangerment and extinction of species?
a. introducing invasive species into new ecosystems
b. killing farm-raised chickens and cattle in slaughterhouses
c. hunting
d. destroying and degrading habitats in which species live
21.
The primary cause of the extinction of the passenger pigeon was:
a. pesticides and pollution that weakened eggs and prevented young birds from hatching
b. habitat destruction and degradation resulting from commercial logging operations
c. hunting
d. the introduction of invasive bird species that were better adapted to the passenger pigeon's habitat
22.
A species that plays an essential role in the structure, functioning or productivity of a habitat or ecosystem is called:
a. an essential species
b. a beaver
c. a keystone species
d. an invasive species
e. a native species
23.
The primary cause of the endangerment of the spotted owl is:
a. pesticides and pollution that weakened eggs and prevented young birds from hatching
b. habitat destruction and degradation resulting from commercial logging operations
c. hunting
d. the introduction of invasive bird species that were better adapted to the spotted owl's habitat
24.
One of the main reasons that Swamp Pink is endangered is:
a. pesticides and pollution that weaken eggs and prevent young Swamp Pink from hatching
b. habitat destruction and degradation resulting from commercial logging operations
c. hunting
d. the introduction of Purple Loosestrife, an invasive species better adapted to Swamp Pink habitat
25.
The range of Swamp Pink includes:
a. the Island of Borneo
b. the Andes mountains
c. Australia
d. New Jersey
26.
When many species become extinct in a relatively brief span of
time, such as when the dinosaurs became extinct at the end of
the Cretaceous Period, as shown in the graph at right, it is called
a:
a. biological extinction
b. mass extinction
c. local extinction
d. background extinction
27.
Which of the following best describes the phenomenon of
differential reproduction?
a. some individuals mate with more than one partner within a population, leading to differential offspring
b. differential mating patterns lead to the development of new species, such as when a tiger and lion mate to produce a liger
c. some mated pairs of individuals within a population undergo genetic mutation, leading to differential offspring
d. some individuals are more likely to survive and reproduce than other individuals in a population
e. scientists have observed that certain species have differential “methods of reproduction” compared to other species, leading
to differential evolution
Page 1
Matching: Match the lettered type of value to the numbered description.
28. Sea otters keeping the sea urchin population in check, which in turn protects the
California coastal kelp forest.
a. intrinsic value
29. Redwood trees providing beautiful lumber that contractors can use to build decks and
outdoor furniture.
b. economic value
30. The beautiful, patriotic feeling you get when you look up and see an eagle soaring in the
morning sky.
31. Using venom from poisonous snakes and gastropods (shells) for research into
potential medical cures.
c. extinction value
d. ecological value
e. invasive value
32. A farmer growing tobacco to sell to cigarette companies.
33.
The Biblical view of mankind’s relationship to plants and
animals, as expressed in the Book of Genesis, is:
a. man may use, harvest and eat plants and animals as he sees
fit
b. people may use plants however they want, but not animals
c. all living things deserve basic rights and consideration of their
own interests, regardless of whether they are useful to humans
d. none of the above
34.
The view of modern animal-rights organizations, such as
People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals, is
a. man may use, harvest and eat plants and animals as he sees
fit
b. people may use plants however they want, but not animals
c. all living things deserve basic rights and consideration of their
own interests, regardless of whether they are useful to humans
d. none of the above
35.
An invasive species is a species that is:
a. extinct as a result of a meteor impact
b. endangered as a result of pollution and ecosystem degradation
c. native to the ecosystem it lives in
d. not native to the ecosystem it lives in
36.
Which of the following is not an invasive species:
a. stink bugs in Mendham High School
b. purple loosestrife in Morris County, NJ
c. white-tailed deer in Mendham, NJ
d. brown tree snakes in Guam
e. all of the above are invasive species
19. Which of the following is correct?
a. Most of the species that have ever lived on earth
are alive today
b. Most of the species that have ever lived on earth
are extinct as a result of natural processes
c. most of the species that have ever lived on earth
are extinct as a result of human actions
d. dinosaurs are extinct, but are expected to make a
comeback soon
Page 2
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