HANOI AGRICULTURAL UNIVERSITY

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HANOI AGRICULTURAL UNIVERSITY
SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CENTER
PROJECT PROPOSAL OF CREATION FESTIVAL
"ACTION FOR ENVIRONMENT"
PROJECT THEME:
"Building the modelfor manufacturing organic fertilizer from
organic waste and agricultural waste for safe vegetable production
at commune Ivillage level of pen- urban "
CONDUCTiNG INSTITUTION:
Sustainable Agriculture research and development center
HANOI - 2005
CREATION FESTIVAL
ACTION FOR ENVIRONMENT"
I. THE DETAIL OF PROJECT
1. Theme: "Building the model for manufacturing organic fertilizer from Municiple
solid
waste and agricultural waste for safely vegetable production at commune/village level
of penurban"
2. Project site: Dang Xa, Cia Lam, Ha Noi
3. Conducting Institution: Sustainable Agriculture Research and Development Center
(SARDC), Hanoi Agricultural University (HAU)
* Founded: 1996
* Founder: Hanoi Agricultural University Nol (HAU)
* The Staff of Centre:
In mottoes of neat but effect, the Center has not aimed at widening regular staff bat
mainly
developing collaborators. To date, the regular staffs in the center just consist of one
Director
who is a multi-position Professor, two Vice Directors who are one Assistant Professor
and one
multi-position Doctor, and five researchers including ones who also respond for
stationary. The
others are collaborators who are scientists belonging to many fields of science in I-IAU
and
become fond of centre through many years.
3.2.1. The list of regular staffs in the Centre.
N0 Name
Degree
Position
Notes
I Nguyen Viet Tung
Prof Dr
Director
Multi-position
2 Dao Chau Thu
Assoc.. Prof Dr Vice Director
_______________
3 Nguyen Ich Tan
Dr
Vice Director
Multi-position
4 Than The Hung
Eng
Researcher
5 Pham Quang Viet
Eng
Researcher
6 Hoang Tuan Minh
Eng
Researcher
_______________
7 Pham Van Tuan
Eng
Researcher
_______________
8 Tran Thi Thiem
Eng
Researcher
Stationary
3.2.2. The list of collaborators
No
Full name
Degree, institution
Assoc.Prof.Dr. Lecturer, Faculty of
I Nguyen Truong Son
Land and Environment
agriculture
Fields of research
Environment in rural
2 Bui l-lai Trieu
Lecturer, Assoc.Prof. Dr
Farm Ingeneering
Lecturer, Faculty of Rural
Economic and Agriculture
Development of household
Tran Huu Cuong
Development
economic
Assoc.Prof. Dr Deputy Dean of
4 Nguyen Xuan Thanh
Faculty of Land and Environment blo micro technology
5 Doan Van Lu
Dr.
VAC, Horticulture
Dr. Lecturer, Faculty of Land and
6 Do Nguyen Hai
Environment
Soilscience
7 Le Van Lanh
Veterinary Doctor
Veterinary
Dr. Lecturer, Faculty of Land and
8 Nguyen Nhu Ha
Environment
Agrochemistry
9 Nguyen Ba Mui
Dr., Lecturer
Animal Husbandry
10 Dang Tien Hoa
Dr., Lecturer
Farm Ingeneering
I Nguyen Van Huu
Lecturer
Farm In eneerin
12 Trong Thi Toan
Master, Lecturer
MA. Lecturer, Faculty of Rural
Economic and Agriculture
13 Nguyen Duy Linh
Development
Faarm Ingeneering
14 Nghiem Thi Bich Ha
Lecturer
MA. Lecturer, Faculty of
15 Trinh Thi Mai Dung
Agronomy.
MA. Lecturer, Faculty of Land
16 Le Thi Giang
and Environment
Lecturer, Faculty of Land and
17 - Nguyen Huu Cu
Environment
Agronomy
Agricultural Economics
Horticulture
GIS
SoiJscience
* Specialization and experience of regular staffs and collaborators
100 percent staffs and collaborators are scientists who currently are lecturers and
researchers at HAIl. The Center has gathered many scientists of different Fields in
agriculture development area (see the list). More than 70% staffs and collaborators
have
been over 15-year experience, presided and participated in many research project of
HAIl, held management position at HAIl. They have been project leaders, secretary
of
project or consult specialists for many projects in Centre. The young researchers of
Center have employed following the fields of HAIl and now have been conducting
the
research project in the Centre under the employ-contract scheme for research
centers of
HAIl
* Management structure of Center
* The purpose of Center:
- Sustainable Agriculture Research Development Centre (SARDC) is a research
and education Center of HAIl. The Center was spontaneously founded since
1996, taking sustainable agriculture development of nation as the aim of the
action.
- Relying on internal capacity, together with widening cooperation relation within
and outside country to make the Center become the institution of researching,
transferring technology, educating university graduation, post-graduation and
strengthening researchers on agriculture sustainable development lining multifield and inter-field approach.
- Parallel with the activities of research, graduation, consulting and supplying
services the Center pays suitable concern to short training courses for employee,
disseminates the information and knowledge of environment and natural
resources conservation and of sustainable development to pupil, student and
community
- Conducting assigned research project at State, Ministry level and cooperation
research program with international institutions on the fields of land use,
environment conservation and sustainable agriculture development.
- Building data base, editing and writing literatures for researching, lecturing and
training on the fields of sustainable agriculture development. Some of special
subjects have been built for specific purposes of graduation at HAIl.
- Calling sponsor sources within and outside nation, making scholarship Rind
"Sustainable agriculture development"
* Receiving fund: Finance source have been received from domestic and
international
research projects under the decision and accept of HAIl
* None of above projects has been received fund from any sponsors in this festival
5. Address
Institution: Sustainable Agriculture Research Development Centre (SARDC)
Address: Trau Quy - Cia Lam - Ha Noi
TeL: 04 8 765992
Fax: 04 8 276554
Email: sardcQthnu I .cdu.vn
Person who respond for this project: Asst. Prof Dr. Dao Chau Thu
Function and duty: Vice Director
TeL: 04 8 765992
Fax: 04 S 276554
Email: cliauthu-hau I (a)ljn.vn
6. Bank account:
The Center has no individual bank account, just through account of HAIl
II. THE CONTENT OF PROJECT
Scientific and practical base for building project
(I) Social-Economic conditions of Dang Xa, Gia Lam, Hanoi
* Being a purely farming commune in pen-urban, belonging to the areas of safe
vegetable
production of Ha Noi, Da Xa has built 100 million VNDI ha safe vegetable area
under
the guideline of commune, co-operative and unions.
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* In Dang Xa, the farmers have a well-off living; they have experience of vegetable
production and ability for applying new technology for safe vegetable production.
* In Dang Xa, the problems that impact on environment and vegetable production
have not
yet implemented the solution of using organic waste and agriculture waste which
could
create organic fertilizer for producing high quality of vegetable, could make
environment
green, clean and beautiful for new urban landscape. The rubbish dumps near the
village,
the road, the waste of vegetable, maize, and straw on the field have been pollution
sources for environment, and disease sources for vegetable.
(2) Building the model of producing organic fertilizer by bio-technology at commune
level
aim at dealing with:
* Satisfying the demand of farmers in self producing organic fertilizer by organic
waste
and agriculture waste adapting to local conditions
* Producing good quality fertilizer, shortening composting duration and saving
expensive
equipments in production
* Solving pollution environment in local area where the waste are increasingly and
have
no place to hide
* Producing safe organic fertilizer with quality, economic for agriculture production,
especially for organic agriculture production.
* Educating, promoting farmers participate in collecting and separating household
organic
waste and agriculture waste to supply material for organic fertilizer production, and
helping farmer real understand and integrate to "waste economy".
(3) The project has contributed for solving urgent problems as following:
* Managing the source of household organic waste and agriculture waste: the
community
collect and separate organic waste and agricuJture waste at beginning (at household
or in
the filed)
* Applying the model of organic fertilizer production by organic waste and
agriculture
waste on microbio-technology with small scale to produce organic fertilizer in rural
areas.
* Organizing the specialize training courses for participants. The studies and
experiments
of project aim to strengthen knowledge and production and management ability for
beneficiaries.
(4) The creatives of these solutions have been shown as following:
* Educating, disseminating and promoting community participate in collecting anti
separating organic waste and agriculture waste at household or in the filed to
produce
organic fertilizer and reduce environment pollution in rural areas
Micro-organic fertilizer production of Song Gianh Company, Tien Nong Company,
Cia
Thuy Co-operative and some of waste processing companies in the city ... have
collected and
disposed organic waste to micro-organic fertilizer. However, they are still tattered,
especially
their processing have not yet separated waste, there's much of solid mixture and they
have not
yet succeeded on collecting and separating organic waste and agriculture waste at origin.
So,
they have not yet saved the labors, and it is costly in processing waste.
* Producing organic fertilizer by advance technology but in small scale at
commune/village level: Adapting to investment and management ability of local
production and producing organic fertilizer with high quality for beneficiaries who
are
vegetable farmers.
Currently, the Government has invested for waste processing manufacture, producino
organic
fertilizer with advance technology and large scale in the cities, not concerned to small
scale,
adapting for waste processing in rural area. Processing organic waste and reproducing to
organic
fertilizer for vegetable which greatly contribute for safe vegetable production in penurban have
not been concerned yet.
* The project will help the farmers take part in "waste economy", changing organic
waste and agriculture waste which have been buried into worth fertilizer, reducing
fillIand area.
(5) The project will directly impact on rural community:
* In the commune where the project has been conducted, the farmers will live in
cleaner,
safer living environment.
* The farmer households who have safe vegetable production areas in the commune
will
have adding bio-organic for production or selling this organic fertilizer to near by
com in u n e.
(6) Requirements of success
* Encourage the community's willingness and enthusiasm in taking part to the
project's
activities, particularly in separation of organic waste
* Construct small scale stations of organic waste processing which is available for
the
adaptation of rural community by using biotechnological techniques.
* Contribute to environmental solutions and precise farming development through
reducing area of rubbish field and increasing the use of compost for farming
practices.
(7) Additional explanation
7.1. Project impact
Project's activities will result to positive effects on households where organic waste
composting
stations are located. These effects are presented in two aspects as follows:
In economics aspect:
* To supply a low-cost and safe compost for fruit trees and vegetable production in
suburb areas
* To reduce area of rubbish filed, and household cost-saving for agricultural inputs
through organic waste and agricultural waste comosting at commune.
* To construct a low-cost of composting station with advanced techniques that
allows to
reduce the composting time and to increase the compost quality.in comparation
with the
old traditional composting technique
* To reduce labor cost and other investments on waste treatment and waste
composting
based on community management.
In social aspect:
* To improve farmers' awareness on environmental and landscape protection in
suburbs
and rural area
* To promote the use of compost for clean/safe vegetable production by supplying
trainings, meetings, and demonstrations.
7.2. Project expansion
JThe idea of building a waste processing station based on rural community management
is
assured to gain the success in application in rural area not only because of the above
logical
project's content but also from the increasing requirements including:
* Suburbs in Vietnam are coping with a bottle neck of solid and agricultural waste
treatment. The construction of large waste processing stations or the expansion of
municipal environmental protection factories is irrelevant for solving rubbish in
these
areas. Meanwhile, area for waste treatment purpose is very limited. Therefore, the
suitable solution of this problem is really questionable.
* According to the report of Ministry of Agricultural and Rural Development,
Vietnam is
largely lacking of compost due to many reasons, particularly from the farmers'
avoidance of traditionally producing compost at household level. In addition, there
is an
increasing situation that farmers often fire by-products in their fields after harvests
which
would lead to the increase of green house effects. Therefore, an advanced
techniques is
required to meet the demand of compost application and rural environmental
protection.
Ill. PLANNING OF ACTIVITIES
This project will be ended in 1 year with the following activities:
NO
Time
months
I Propagandize and recommend of rural communities in collecting
and se aratin or anic and a ricultural waste at communal level
2 Construct of a communal waste com ostin station
Collect and transport organic waste to the composting station and
6
Activities
6-8
2-3
Report writin
IV. STAKEHOLDERS' BENEFIT AND PARTICIPATION
I. Project's beneficiaries
Households in Dang Xa commune will be the project's beneficiaries. They will
together
cooperate with the project implementing institution for activities listed above, and
finally
benefit from project's performance. For instant, those households in Dang Xa
commune are
highly appreciate to participate in this project since they are expecting to have a waste
processing station based on experience of 2 years of cooperation with SARDC in
applying
compost for clean vegetable production. In detail project beneficiaries in Dang Xa
commune
are including:
* 1931 households with 8000 members (95% of them are farmer households)
will
be benefited from cleaner environment and self-producing compost for
vegetable
production.
* The agricultural cooperative of Dang Xa commune will manage the operation
of
the waste processing station to supply compost for farmers within Dang Xa and
communes nearby.
* The communal women Union (14 subunions ) and commune schools
2. There is no beneficiary in building project proposal.
3. Participants' contribution
* Households will participate in collecting and separating organic waste from
families'
garbage, public areas, and cultivation fields
* The communal farmers' association and women union will support the
agricultural
cooperative to transport collected organic wastes to the composting station.
* Two people from the agricultural cooperative will cooperate with technical staff
in
composting organic wastes at the station.
* The cooperative will deliver compost to households producing vegetables, and
cooperate with technical staff to build demonstrations on compost application
* Communal authority, Cooperative, Farmers Association, Women Ilnion,
communal
extensionist, and project' staff will regularly monitor the project's activities, as
well
as organize meetings and trainings to improve the community's capacity in
maintaining and expanding project's results.
4. Project's Transfer and Maintenance
At the end of the project, the processing station will be transferred to Dang Xa
commune, and its
operation will be maintained by:
* Communal environmental staff and women Union will manage and monitor
the
collection and separation of organic wastes.
* The Dang Xa agricultural cooperative will manage the operation of
composting
station following transferred technological procedures, and deliver the produced
compost to farmers
* The Communal Farmers' Association and extensionist will support farmers in
applying compost for vegetables production.
S. Participants from Dang Xa commune are not included in the submission of
the Project's Proposal.
They will only participate in the implementation stage if the project is approved (as
indicated in
section lV.4). The key local person that SARDC contacts with is Mr. Nguyen The [liep
- I-lead
of Dang Xa Agricultural Cooperative.
6. Project implementing institution
SARDC has carried out a research on compost production procedures and compost
trials for two
years in some vegetables production areas of Hanoi. Preliminary result from this
research has
indicated that it would be and should be applied in rural area. Therefore, SARDC is
highly
appreciate to be funded by the Program of "Action for Environment" to construct a
complete
demonstration of compost production, delivery, and application at communal level.
SARDC will provide trainings for local members on technical procedures and
participatory
methods as well as promote the participation of different actors within local community
to
ensure the success of the project.
THE PICTURES OF THE RESEARCH ACTIVITIES ON COMPOSTING FROM
ORGANIC AND AGRICULTURE WASTE FOR CLEAN VEGETABLE
PRODUCTION
Collection and separatiuon of organic
waste at home
Composting house
Mashine for compost making
Compost product for organic
C
I
Conpost using for cabage planting
at commune field
Conpost using for tomato planting
at commune field
After ending the project, SARDC's staff and researchers will continue to contact and
support for
local community in maintaining the compost production.
V. The Project Budget
I. Estimation of project budget:
The total project's budget is 12,000 USD; of which 10,000 IlSD is in cash.
2. The budget financed by the Vietnam creative contest' award is 10,000 USI)
3. Financial Planning
Project's activities _____________
Financial sources
Donors of Funded Other source Total
the creative institution
_____________________________ contest
I. Propagandize
and 1500 IlSD 200 ltD
encourage local community
to collect and separate
organic waste
_____________ _____________
1700 IlSD
2. Construct a communal
3000 USD
100 IlSD 1000 IlSD 4106 IlSD
waste composting station
_____________ _____________
. Produce compost 2000 IlSD 200 IlSD
2400 IlSD
IblIowing biotechnological
procedures
_____________ _____________
4. Monitor the composting
process ; and analyze the
compost quality
5. Experiment compost
application on
clean
vegetable production
1500 USD
2000 IlSD
300 IlSD
1800 USD
____________
200 USD
2200 IlSD
_____________ _____________
Total
10,000 IlSD 1000 USD
1000 USD
12,000 IlSD
* Funded Institution is the SARDC, Hanoi Agricultural Ilniversity since its
operation
is funded by SARDS's own budget
* Other source is from the contribution of Dang Xa agricultural cooperative in
term of
land and labors for the operation of processing station. This share of the
Cooperative
is originated from the understanding of project's objectives and benefit transfers
to
people in Dang Xa commune.
Based on the information collected from different sources, SARDC would like to
thank for
the Donors and Organizers of the meaningful contest.
Prepared by:
Assoc. Prof Dr. Dao C'hau Tha,
Hanoi, 1 May,2OOS
Vke- Director of SARDC
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