SS5H3 The student will describe how life changed in America at the turn of the century. a. Describe the role of the cattle trails in the late 19th century; include the Black Cowboys of Texas, the Great Western Cattle Trail, and the Chisholm Trail. b. Describe the impact on American life of the Wright brothers (flight), George Washington Carver (science), Alexander Graham Bell (communication), and Thomas Edison (electricity). c. Explain how William McKinley and Theodore Roosevelt expanded America’s role in the world; include the Spanish-American War and the building of the Panama Canal. d. Describe the reasons people emigrated to the United States, from where they emigrated, and where they settled. e. Describe the impact of westward expansion on Native Americans; include the Battle of the Little Bighorn and the relocation of Native Americans to reservations. During the late 1800s, immigrants came to the United States from many parts of the world. Most immigrants came from all of the following countries EXCEPT A. Portugal B. Ireland C. Germany D. Italy During a laboratory experiment in 1876, Alexander Graham Bell called out to his assistant, “Mr. Watson! Come here, I want to see you!” This experiment was MOST LIKELY when A. Bell’s most important laboratory notes were destroyed. B. Bell used the telephone for the first time. C. Bell discovered the properties of acids. D. Bell discovered how sound waves travel through air. The Chisholm Trail connected Texas, Oklahoma, and Kansas. Why was the Chisholm Trail important? A. It was a vital supply route for the Union army. B. It was the main trail for settlers moving west. C. Texas ranchers used the trail to drive cattle to railroads in Kansas. D. Fugitive slaves used the trail as an escape route to Canada. Which of the following was a major reason for building the Panama Canal? A. to encourage free trade between Mexico, Canada, and the United States B. to make traveling to South America easier C. to improve trade routes between the eastern and western United States D. to prevent Panama from trading with Mexico In 1902 President Theodore Roosevelt approved one of the biggest construction projects ever attempted. What was this project? A. the Statue of Liberty B. the Washington Monument C. the Panama Canal D. the Eiffel Tower Use the map below to answer question. Min Which of the following BEST explains why Native Americans were relocated during the 1800s? A. The land was needed to build new steam locomotive tracks. B. Native Americans continued to fight with settlers. C. People wanted to move west and settle in areas where Native Americans lived. D. Native Americans wanted to move. Between 1870 and 1924, more than 25 million immigrants entered the United States. What is one important reason Europeans relocated to the United States during this time? A. They wanted to experience a new culture. B. They wanted to escape Europe’s cold climate. C. They were looking for better educational opportunities. D. They were looking for new economic opportunities. West, Late 1800s America’s network of railroads helped expand the cattle business in the West. Looking at the map, in which state did the cattle trails begin? A. Oklahoma B. Arizona C. Kansas D. Texas During the mid-1800s, thousands of people moved west. As more people moved, the demand for land rose. Which group of people was relocated to make room for settlers? A. sharecroppers B. Native Americans C. tenant farmers D. plantation owners Who invented hundreds of devices, including the electric light bulb, the phonograph, and the moving picture projector? A. Thomas Edison B. Alexander Graham Bell C. Samuel Morse D. Henry Ford During the 1920s, African Americans used their work to express positive images of African American culture. What was this time period called? A. Harlem Renaissance B. Great Migration C. Industrial Revolution D. New Deal The long journeys guiding cattle from Texas north were called cattle drives. In what year was the MOST significant drop in the amount of cattle driven from Texas? A. 1867 B. 1870 C. 1872 D. 1874 In 1898 the United States, under President William McKinley, declared war on Spain. What was a result of the Spanish-American War? A. The United States was forced to hand control of Hawaii to Spain. B. The United States took control of Cuba, Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Philippines. C. The United States took control of the Panama Canal. D. The United States and Spain agreed to create the United Nations.