2 - Effingham County Schools

SS5H3 The student will describe how life changed in America at the turn of the century.
a. Describe the role of the cattle trails in the late 19th century; include the Black Cowboys of Texas,
the Great Western Cattle Trail, and the Chisholm Trail.
b. Describe the impact on American life of the Wright brothers (flight), George Washington Carver
(science), Alexander Graham Bell (communication), and Thomas Edison (electricity).
c. Explain how William McKinley and Theodore Roosevelt expanded America’s role in the world;
include the Spanish-American War and the building of the Panama Canal.
d. Describe the reasons people emigrated to the United States, from where they emigrated, and
where they settled.
e. Describe the impact of westward expansion on Native Americans; include the Battle of the Little
Bighorn and the relocation of Native Americans to reservations.
During the late 1800s, immigrants came
to the United States from many parts of
the world. Most immigrants came from
all of the following countries EXCEPT
A. Portugal
B. Ireland
C. Germany
D. Italy
During a laboratory experiment in
Alexander Graham Bell called out to
his assistant, “Mr. Watson! Come here,
I want to see you!” This experiment was
A. Bell’s most important laboratory
were destroyed.
B. Bell used the telephone for the first
C. Bell discovered the properties of
D. Bell discovered how sound waves
through air.
The Chisholm Trail connected Texas,
Oklahoma, and Kansas. Why was the
Chisholm Trail important?
A. It was a vital supply route for the
Union army.
B. It was the main trail for settlers
C. Texas ranchers used the trail to drive
cattle to railroads in Kansas.
D. Fugitive slaves used the trail as an
escape route to Canada.
Which of the following was a major
reason for building the Panama Canal?
A. to encourage free trade between
Mexico, Canada, and the United States
B. to make traveling to South America
C. to improve trade routes between the
eastern and western United States
D. to prevent Panama from trading with
In 1902 President Theodore Roosevelt
approved one of the biggest
projects ever attempted. What was this
A. the Statue of Liberty
B. the Washington Monument
C. the Panama Canal
D. the Eiffel Tower
Use the map below to answer question.
Which of the following BEST explains
why Native Americans were relocated
during the 1800s?
A. The land was needed to build new
steam locomotive tracks.
B. Native Americans continued to fight
with settlers.
C. People wanted to move west and
in areas where Native Americans lived.
D. Native Americans wanted to move.
Between 1870 and 1924, more than
25 million immigrants entered the
United States. What is one important
reason Europeans relocated to the
United States during this time?
A. They wanted to experience a new
B. They wanted to escape Europe’s cold
C. They were looking for better
educational opportunities.
D. They were looking for new economic
West, Late 1800s
America’s network of railroads helped
expand the cattle business in the West.
Looking at the map, in which state did
the cattle trails begin?
A. Oklahoma
B. Arizona
C. Kansas
D. Texas
During the mid-1800s, thousands of
people moved west. As more people
moved, the demand for land rose.
group of people was relocated to make
room for settlers?
A. sharecroppers
B. Native Americans
C. tenant farmers
D. plantation owners
Who invented hundreds of devices,
including the electric light bulb, the
phonograph, and the moving picture
A. Thomas Edison
B. Alexander Graham Bell
C. Samuel Morse
D. Henry Ford
During the 1920s, African Americans
used their work to express positive
images of African American culture.
What was this time period called?
A. Harlem Renaissance
B. Great Migration
C. Industrial Revolution
D. New Deal
The long journeys guiding cattle from
Texas north were called cattle drives.
In what year was the MOST significant
drop in the amount of cattle driven
A. 1867
B. 1870
C. 1872
D. 1874
In 1898 the United States, under
President William McKinley, declared
war on Spain. What was a result of the
Spanish-American War?
A. The United States was forced to hand
control of Hawaii to Spain.
B. The United States took control of
Cuba, Guam, Puerto Rico, and the
C. The United States took control of the
Panama Canal.
D. The United States and Spain agreed
create the United Nations.