Foundational Principles for Developing Standards-based IEPs that Guide Instruction A standards-based individualized educational plan describes specially designed instruction which is research based, individualized, intensive, explicit, purposeful, relentless and urgent. It embodies the following principles: 1. All students with exceptionalities have a right to access and progress in extended, grade level or above grade level 21st Century CSOs so as to fully participate in their local and global communities. 2. All students with exceptionalities must acquire the foundational and critical thinking skills essential to reading language arts and math. 3. Instructional planning is most effective when learning goals are clearly delineated in measurable progressive steps. 4. All students are essential partners in setting, monitoring and achieving their educational goals. 5. Families are essential partners in the education of their children and in the IEP process. 6. School resources and supports must be in place for effective development and implementation of IEPs with fidelity. 7. Frequent collection and analysis of data to inform instruction is indispensable for improving achievement and is central to development of individualized education.