PHIL 220

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PHIL 220
Fall 2012
Study Guide/Exam 1
I You should be able to identify or define the following terms:
Moral Theory
Right
Good
Tripartite Deontic Schema
Intrinsic Value
Extrinsic Value
Tripartite Axiological
Schema
Theoretical Aim
Practical Aim
Moral Principle
Standard of Explanatory
Power
Standard of Practical
Guidance
Divine Command Theory
Ethical Relativism
Categorical
Humanity Formulation
Universal Law
Formulation
Voluntary Informed
Consent
Occurent Coercion
Dispositional Coercion
Consequentialism
Utilitarianism
Perfectionist Utilitarianism
Rule Consequentialism
Utility
Principle of Utility
Value Perfectionism
The Relationship View
The Public View
Right
Rights Based Moral
Theories
Negative Right
Positive Right
II You should be able to answer multiple choice, true/false or matching questions about the
following topics:
The Role of Reasons
Three Tasks a Moral Theory Must Accomplish
The Two Main Aims of Moral Theory
Evaluating Ethical Theories
Divine Command Theory
Ethical Relativism
Aquinas on Intrinsic Value
Basic Principle of Natural Law Theory
The Doctrine of Double Effect
Corvino’s Defense of Homosexuality
The different senses of Unnatural
The Formulations of the Categorical Imperative
Deception and Sexual Morality
Coercion and Sexual Morality
Implications (of the claims of Consequentialism)
The Theory of Value of the various types of consequentialism
The Theory of Right Conduct of the various types of consequentialism
The Argument Strategy
Possible Consequences
Real Consequences?
Another Rule
Rights Based Theories
Criticisms of Rights Theories
What’s Being Assumed
Is Porn the Problem
Berlin on Negative and Positive Liberty
Another Harm?
Too Quick?
III You should be able to write a 2-3 paragraph essay in response to one of the following
questions.
Summarize the Catholic Church’s position on sexual morality as an example of a Natural Law
Thoery approach to the question. Argue for or against the Church’s position on some or all of the
normative conclusions about sexual behavior, focusing on the intrinsic goods identified by the
theory.
In his essay “Why Shouldn’t Tommy and Jim Have Sex ,“ John Corvino defends homosexuality
from the charge that it is “unnatural” and that it poses a risk of special harm. Detail his
arguments in defense of homosexuality in as much detail as possible before criticizing them or
defending them from possible criticism.
Summarize as completely as possible Mappes’ advocacy of the liberal view of sexual morality in
terms of his rejection of the use of deception and coercion in sexual interaction. Argue for or
against the liberal view on sexual morality using Mappes’ position as a reference point.
Criticize or defend Gallagher’s arguments against what she calls the relationship view of
marriage and in favor of the public view. As part of your discussion argue in faovr of or
opposition to same-sex marriage.
Argue for or against the censorship of pornography on either consequentialists or Rights-Based
Theory grounds. As part of your argument, make sure to discuss either Strossen’s or Dworkin’s
arguments.
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