EOS Swine Production L_III

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Occupational Standard: Swine Production
Occupational Code AGR SWP
NTQF Level III
AGR SWP3 01 0311
Coordinate work site
activities
AGR SWP3 02 0311
Identify and select swine
breed
AGR SWP3 03 0311
Comply with industry
animal welfare
requirements
AGR SWP3 04 0311
Supervise housing and
housing facilities
AGR SWP3 05 0311
Implement feeding plan for
intensive production
AGR SWP3 06 0311
Maintain and monitor feed
stocks
AGR SWP3 07 0311
Implement animal health
control program
AGR SWP3 08 0311
Pregnancy diagnosis
AGR SWP3 09 0311
Prepare animals for
parturition
AGR SWP3 10 0311
Monitor intensive swine
production growing
environment
AGR SWP3 11 0311
Implement waste
management program
AGR SWP3 12 0311
Maintain and monitor
environmental work
practices
AGR SWP3 13 0311
Respond to Emergencies
AGR SWP3 14 0311
Apply Quality Control
AGR SWP3 15 0311
Lead Workplace
Communication
AGR SWP3 16 0311
Lead Small Team
AGR SWP3 17 0311
Improve Business Practice
Page 1 of 69
Copyright Information:
Ministry of Education
Ethiopia Occupational Standard :
Swine Production
Version 2
March 2011
TOP
Occupational Standard : Swine Production
Unit of Competence
Coordinate work site activities
Unit Code
AGR SWP3 01 0311
Unit Descriptor
This competency standard covers the process of coordinating
work site activities for small-scale projects. Responsibility may
be for the basic direction and coordination of small groups
working on a site remote from the main enterprise, small
projects or parts of projects, or small areas within the
enterprise. The coordination of work site activities is likely to be
under limited supervision with checking only related to overall
progress. Work site coordination requires the application of
extensive agricultural, horticultural and/or conservation and land
management knowledge, and a broad range of relevant skills.
The work is usually done within routines, methods and
procedures where some discretion and judgment is required in
the selection of equipment, work organization, services, actions,
and achieving outcomes within time constraints.
Element of Competence
Performance Criteria
1. Prepare for work site
1.1 Requirements of the work are clarified with supervisor of the
activities
project.
1.2 Personnel, equipment and material resource requirements
are identified according to the scope of the project and
supervisors instructions.
1.3 The order of activities and time allocation is identified,
documented and presented to the supervisor for verification.
1.4 The environmental implications of the proposed work site
activities are identified and the likely outcomes assessed
and reported to the supervisor.
1.5 OHS hazards are identified, risks assessed and reported to
the supervisor.
1.6 Personal protective equipment (PPE) is selected, used,
maintained and stored according to the type of work site
activities to be undertaken.
2. Organize resources
2.1 Materials are purchased; Tools and equipment/
machinery are hired as authorized by the supervisor and
according to enterprise guidelines.
2.2 External agency permits are gained in the correct order as
necessary.
2.3 Neighbors and affected parties are notified of works to be
undertaken as necessary.
2.4 Delivery of materials and equipment/machinery to site is
organized according to documented order of activities.
2.5 Personnel are organized to be on site when they are
Page 2 of 69
Copyright Information:
Ministry of Education
Ethiopia Occupational Standard :
Swine Production
Version 2
March 2011
3. Coordinate and report
on activities
required.
3.1 All resources are coordinated and timed to suit the scope of
the project and order of activities.
3.2 Personnel are directed in activities for each period of work.
3.3 Personnel, activities, timelines and resource usage are
monitored and documented according to enterprise
guidelines.
3.4 Contingency situations are recognized and reported to the
supervisor, and corrective actions are taken according to
enterprise guidelines.
3.5 A simple project report is written to inform management of
work site activities undertaken and completed.
Variable
Range statement
Occupational Health and
Safety (OHS)
This may include:
 Using of relevant protective clothing and equipment,
 use of tooling and equipment,
 workplace environment and safety handling of material,
 use of fire fighting equipment, enterprise first aid,
 hazard control and hazardous materials and substances.
 Using gowns, overalls, rubber boots of appropriate size,
goggles, respirators, cap, and head phones, gloves

Following occupational health and safety
designated for the task
procedures

Materials, tools and
equipment Include:
Personal protective
equipment may include
Resource requirements
May include:-
Checking and fulfilling required safety devices before
starting operation
overalls, gowns, rubber boots, goggles, respirators, cap, and
head phones, gloves, hand tools, sun hat, safety harness, hard
hat, hearing or eye protection, respirator or face mask, tractors,
vehicles, watering equipment and personal protective
equipment
work boots, gloves, overalls, sun hat and, safety harness, hard
hat, hearing or eye protection, respirator or face mask.
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Materials such as goods that will be consumed by the
project such as fertilizers, plants, stakes and mulch in a
planting program.
Equipment and tools such as hand tools, tractors, vehicles,
watering equipment and personal protective equipment.
Personnel may include those obtained from within an
enterprise, staff "borrowed” from another enterprise, hired
from a contracting firm, or hired for the project from outside
the industry.
Copyright Information:
Ministry of Education
Ethiopia Occupational Standard :
Swine Production
Version 2
March 2011
Evidence Guide
Critical aspects of
competence
Underpinning Knowledge
Underpinning Skills
Resource implications
Assessment methods
Page 4 of 69
A candidate must be able to demonstrate the ability to:
 Prepare for work site activities
 Organize resources
 Coordinate and report on activities
A candidate must demonstrate the ability to:
 Environmental awareness associated with undertaking
project works to ensure the impact on the environment is
minimal.
 Work schedule programming.
 Hiring and subcontracting of labor.
 Possible causes of disruption to work activities and their
effect on quality and time schedules.
 Responsibilities and requirements for obtaining external
agency permits as necessary.
 The range, use and availability of materials, equipment
and machinery that may be required.
 OHS issues, legislative requirements and Codes of
Practice.
 Evaluate work schedule program
 Efficiently coordinate work site activities
 Create environmental awareness associated with project
work
The following resources MUST be provided.
 Access is required to real or appropriately simulated
situations, including work areas, materials and
equipment,
 Documentation and information on workplace
practices and OHS practices.
 specifications and work instructions
 Approved assessment tools
 Certified assessor /Assessor’s panel
Competence may be assessed through:
 Practical assessment by direct observation of tasks
through simulation/Role-plays
 Written exam/test on underpinning knowledge
 questioning or interview on underpinning knowledge
 project-related conditions (real or simulated) and
require evidence of process
 Portfolio Assessment (e.g. Certificate from training
providers or employers)
Assessment methods must confirm the ability to access
and correctly interpret and apply the essential
Copyright Information:
Ministry of Education
Ethiopia Occupational Standard :
Swine Production
Version 2
March 2011
Context of Assessment
Page 5 of 69
underpinning knowledge
 Competency is assessed in the work place
 The unit of competency should be assessed in
conjunction with other relevant units in this occupation
Copyright Information:
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Ethiopia Occupational Standard :
Swine Production
Version 2
March 2011
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Occupational standard:Swine Production
Unit of Competence
Identify and select swine breed
Unit code
AGR SWP3 02 0311
Unit descriptor
This competency standard covers the functions involved in
identifying and drafting or sorting of animals for sale, breeding
or for other enterprise requirements. Identifying and
drafting/sorting animals is likely to be under limited
supervision from others with checking only related to overall
progress. Selecting animals is carried out within established
routines, methods and procedures where some discretion and
judgement by others is required.
Elements of Competence Performance criteria
1. Identify animals
1.1 Criteria for animal selection are identified and clarified
from production and marketing information and supervisor
or management instructions.
1.2 Suitable personal protective equipment (PPE) is
selected, used and maintained in accordance with OHS
requirements.
1.3 Procedures to control and sort swine are conducted
with due care in accordance with OHS and animal welfare
requirements.
1.4 Animals are identified and separated according to unit
selection criteria.
1.5 Identification devices are safely and humanely applied
and used on animals according to industry practice and the
code of welfare.
1.6 Existing and potential hazards in the workplace are
recognized and risk is assessed and controlled in line with
OHS and environmental implications
2. Assess and select
2.1 Animals are accurately assessed according to industry
animals
and/or enterprise criteria and guidelines.
2.2 Procedures to control and sort swine are conducted with
due care in accordance with OHS and animal welfare
requirements.
2.3 Animals are correctly ranked and selected using
performance records and organizational criteria.
2.4 Selection is reliably and accurately recorded and reported
to unit management.
2.5 Suitable personal protective equipment is selected, used
and maintained in accordance with OHS requirements.
2.6 All accepted guidelines and industry norms for prescribed
medication withholding periods are observed when
selecting animals.
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Ministry of Education
Ethiopia Occupational Standard :
Swine Production
Version 2
March 2011
2.7 Records and documentation required by the enterprise
is completed clearly, accurately and promptly.
2.8 Existing and potential hazards in the workplace are
recognized and risk is assessed and controlled in line with
OHS requirements.
2.9 Appropriate tools and equipment are used
Variables
Personal protective
equipment
Procedures
OHS
Identification devices
Tools and equipment
Hazards
Environmental implications
Industry and/or enterprise
criteria and guidelines
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Range statement
This may include boots, overalls, gloves, protective eyewear,
hearing protection, respirator or face mask, and sun protection
(sun hat, sunscreen).
Procedures may include the appropriate use of handling
equipment with minimum force, a reasonable amount of time
for livestock to complete movement, and the use of positive
and calming techniques. For some animals, dogs may also be
used to assist in the controlling and directing of livestock.
Safe systems and procedures for:
 handling livestock including zoonoses control
 operating handling equipment
 hazard and risk control
 manual handling
 handling, application and storage of hazardous substances
 outdoor work including protection from solar radiation, dust
and noise
 the appropriate use and maintenance of personal
protective equipment
 tattooing and branding swine
 using slap brands or tattoos, and back fat testing.
May include tattoos, brands, ear tags (electronic, bar-coded
and visually readable), rumen boluses or other devices that
may be part of an industry-based identification scheme.
Equipment such as identification devices and associated
application equipment, tools for testing back fat, and tools for
tattooing may all be used at various stages of this activity.
Swine movement and handling, solar radiation, organic and
other dusts, excessive noise, moving machinery and vehicles.
Negative environmental impacts may result from high density
swine activity, particularly in holding or confined areas,
causing odor, increased run-off flows, loss of ground cover,
soil disturbance, pugging, dust problems, weed seeds in
animal manure, and contamination of ground and surface
water supplies.
Breeding stock may be graded/selected according to desirable
and undesirable conformation, temperament and performance,
back fat depth, growth rate, breeding lines, overall
Copyright Information:
Ministry of Education
Ethiopia Occupational Standard :
Swine Production
Version 2
March 2011
conformation and physical soundness or other criteria. Swine
for market may be graded/selected according to recognized
industry grading criteria such as breed, sex, condition, tattoo,
and body tattoo, ear tag/notch, electronic implants, and ageweight (growth period/stage).
Swine numbers, details of administered preventative health
treatments and outcomes, appraisal results, back fat test
results, conformation, temperament and performance details,
weight and condition scoring and any observed abnormalities.
Record keeping systems used may be either paper-based or
digital, and information will be recorded into logbooks or other
records.
Records
Documentation
Evidence Guide
Critical aspects of
competence
Underpinning Knowledge
Underpinning Skills
Resource implications
Assessment methods
Page 8 of 69
A candidate must be able to demonstrate the ability to:
 Identify animals
 Assess and select animals
 Communicate ideas and information
 Implementation of regulatory controls and policies relative
to proper handling, use and disposal of biologics and other
veterinary drugs and supplies
 Selection of breeder and replacement stocks, general care
and herd health management from piglet to marketable
age and weight
 Usage of tools, equipment and Materials
 Work safety
 Skills in using tools and equipment
 Communicating ideas and information
The following resources MUST be provided.
 Access is required to real or appropriately simulated
situations, including work areas, materials and
equipment,
 Documentation and information on workplace
practices and OHS practices.
 specifications and work instructions
 Approved assessment tools
 Certified assessor /Assessor’s panel
Competence may be assessed through:
 Practical assessment by direct observation of tasks
through simulation/Role-plays
 Written exam/test on underpinning knowledge
 questioning or interview on underpinning knowledge
 project-related conditions (real or simulated) and
Copyright Information:
Ministry of Education
Ethiopia Occupational Standard :
Swine Production
Version 2
March 2011
Context of Assessment
Page 9 of 69
require evidence of process
 Portfolio Assessment (e.g. Certificate from training
providers or employers)
Assessment methods must confirm the ability to access
and correctly interpret and apply the essential
underpinning knowledge
 Competency is assessed in the work place
 The unit of competency should be assessed in
conjunction with other relevant units in this occupation
Copyright Information:
Ministry of Education
Ethiopia Occupational Standard :
Swine Production
Version 2
March 2011
TOP
Occupational Standard: Swine Production
Unit of Competence
Comply with industry animal welfare requirements
Unit code
AGR SWP3 03 0311
Unit descriptor
This competency standard covers the process of complying with
industry animal welfare requirements in the production of swine. It
requires the ability to implement animal welfare practices,
implement standard operating procedures and report problems
that affect animal welfare. Complying with industry animal welfare
requirements requires knowledge of animal welfare requirements,
animal production processes, Hazard Analysis Critical Control
Point (HACCP) approach to quality assurance, and enterprise
policies, guidelines and standard operating procedures relating to
animal welfare.
Elements of
Competency
1. Apply animal welfare
practices
2. Comply with standard
operating procedures
3. Report problems that
affect animal welfare
Variables
Elements
Requirements
Page 10 of 69
Performance criteria
1.1 Elements of the industry animal welfare requirements are
determined.
1.2 Hazards to animal welfare are identified for work area
according to enterprise guidelines and standard operating
procedures.
1.3 Critical control points for work area are determined according
to workplace procedures .
1.4 Record keeping on animal welfare is completed according to
industry quality assurance (QA) requirements.
2.1 Standard operating procedures in respect to animal welfare
requirements are implemented in accordance with enterprise
requirements.
2.2 Non-conformance is reported to supervisor according to
enterprise/industry requirements .
2.3 Corrective action taken in accordance with enterprise policy
and procedures.
3.1 Recognize potential or existing animal welfare problems.
3.2 Identify instances of problems of animal welfare from
specifications or work instructions.
3.3 Report variation and potential problems to supervisor/
manager according to enterprise guidelines.
Range statement
These include Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point (HACCP)
charts, mission statement, work instructions, corrective action
and monitoring procedures, standard operating procedures, and
enterprise and industry policies and welfare code of practice.
These include:
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Ministry of Education
Ethiopia Occupational Standard :
Swine Production
Version 2
March 2011
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Hazards
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Evidence Guide
Critical aspects of
competence
Underpinning Knowledge
Page 11 of 69
Housing and accommodation for swine.
Space allowances and/or stocking densities.
Equipment including feeders and waterers, environmental
control equipment and back-up systems, and alarms in case
of equipment failure.
Lighting.
Ventilation including fresh air, dust filters, humidity, and
noxious gases.
Temperature including cooling and heating, and extreme
weather conditions.
Protection from predators, vermin, fires and floods.
Food with diet containing adequate nutrients.
Water, provision of cool water in summer and checking it is
not contaminated or deleterious to health.
Health and distress. Signs of ill health in livestock may include
reduced food and water intake, reduced production, changes
in the nature and level of their activity, abnormal condition, or
changed physical features.
Transport of livestock.
Handling of livestock by stock people.
Physical hazards where foreign objects are present in
animals.
Chemical hazards resulting from residues such as antibiotics,
pesticides, alkaloids, and other substances used in animal
production.
Biological hazards where contamination is from other animals
(e.g. mice, rats, cats), poor housing/transport conditions and
dirty water affects animal health and food quality.
Animal health hazards resulting from poor handling of
animals, unhealthy or diseased animals, extreme weather
conditions, poor loading and transport conditions, and time off
feed.
A candidate must be able to demonstrate the ability to:
 apply animal welfare practices
 comply with standard operating procedures
 report problems that affect animal welfare
 industry animal health requirements
 animal production processes
 enterprise policies, guidelines and standard operating
procedures relating to animal welfare
 enterprise OHS requirements
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Ministry of Education
Ethiopia Occupational Standard :
Swine Production
Version 2
March 2011
Underpinning Skills
Resource implications
Assessment methods
Context of Assessment
Page 12 of 69
 animal health and welfare
 animal handling techniques
 codes of practice for welfare.

 implement animal welfare practices
 implement standard operating procedures
 report problems that affect animal welfare
 handle livestock in a humane and caring manner.
The following resources MUST be provided.
 Access is required to real or appropriately simulated
situations, including work areas, materials and
equipment,
 Documentation and information on workplace practices
and OHS practices.
 specifications and work instructions
 Approved assessment tools
 Certified assessor /Assessor’s panel
Competence may be assessed through:
 Practical assessment by direct observation of tasks
through simulation/Role-plays
 Written exam/test on underpinning knowledge
 questioning or interview on underpinning knowledge
 project-related conditions (real or simulated) and require
evidence of process
 Portfolio Assessment (e.g. Certificate from training
providers or employers)
Assessment methods must confirm the ability to access and
correctly interpret and apply the essential underpinning
knowledge
 Competence is assessed in the work place
 The unit of competence should be assessed in conjunction
with other relevant units in this occupation
Copyright Information:
Ministry of Education
Ethiopia Occupational Standard :
Swine Production
Version 2
March 2011
TOP
Occupational standard:Swine Production
Unit of Competence
Supervise housing and Housing facilities
Unit code
AGR SWP3 04 0311
Unit descriptor
This competency standard covers the functions required to
supervise housing and Housing facilities for swine.
It requires the application of skills and knowledge to identify and
incorporate both swine needs and enterprise objectives into an
efficient and cost-effective housing and Housing facilities.
Competency requires an awareness of industry development
with respect to handling technologies. The work in this standard
is likely to be carried out independently within own area of
responsibility.
Element of Competence Performance criteria
1. Determine
1.1 Requirements for swine handling and/or accommodation
requirements
facilities are assessed and clarified according to enterprise
objectives.
1.2 Cost structures and timelines are negotiated and confirmed
within enterprise budgetary constraints.
1.3 Plans are obtained for swine handling facilities from a variety
of sources and are assessed in relation to enterprise
requirements.
2. Undertake a site
2.1 Location of new or existing site is inspected and physical
analysis
elements and features of the site are recorded for
assessment of suitability.
2.2 Surveys to be undertaken are specified and tolerances
determined according to enterprise requirements.
2.3 Site preparation requirements are assessed and determined
according to enterprise policies and site parameters.
3. Prepare housing and
3.1 Housing and housing facilities are prepared to the individual
housing facilities
site and reflect enterprise objectives.
3.2 Options to modify existing facilities or establish alternative
handling operations are assessed.
3.3 OHS codes of practice and enterprise quality assurance
requirements are identified and incorporated into the housing
facilities.
3.4 Legal requirements and constraints on development
processes are identified.
Variable
requirements
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Range statement
This may include an estimate in relation to numbers of
swine to be handled/accommodated, an assessment of the
need for portability, the types of swine holding operations to
be conducted. It may also include an assessment of hazards to
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Ethiopia Occupational Standard :
Swine Production
Version 2
March 2011
Swine handling
facilities
Enterprise requirements
physical elements
and features
health and safety associated with existing facilities for the
purpose of eliminating hazards.
This may include fixed and portable yards, drafting gates,
swine dips, laneways, gates, mulesing and marking cradles,
loading ramps, races, pens, showers, fencing, swine handling
equipment, drying sheds, intensive production sheds and pens,
cages.
Sources of plans may include other swine producers, breed
associations, publications, educational institutions, commercial
suppliers, Departments of Agriculture/Primary Industries,
consultants, own resources and commercial sources.
Standard operating procedures (SOPs), industry standards,
production schedules, MSDS, work notes and plans,
manufacturers specifications, operators manuals, enterprise
policies and procedures (including waste disposal, recycling
and re-use guidelines), and managers oral or written
instructions.
This may include an assessment of soil, topography, existing
vegetation and climatic factors.
Evidence guide
Critical Aspects of
competence
A candidate must be able to demonstrate the ability to:
 Determine requirements
 Undertake a site analysis
 Prepare housing and housing facilities
Underpinning Knowledge knowledge of
• swine behaviour and housing and housing facilities
• enterprise operations
• costing alternatives
• swine handling and/or accommodation facilities and
their uses
• site analysis and issues
• industry and legislative requirements for the housing and
establishment of swine handling facilities
• OHS issues and legislative requirements
• codes of practice with regard to environmental protection.
Underpinning skills
skills include the ability to:
 evaluate and recommend alternative options
 identify appropriate safe workplace procedures for swine
and personnel
 regularly access industry information databases to maintain
currency with industry developments
 incorporate safety considerations in all aspects of housing
Page 14 of 69
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Ministry of Education
Ethiopia Occupational Standard :
Swine Production
Version 2
March 2011
Resource Implications
Method of Assessment
Context of Assessment
Page 15 of 69
and housing facilities
 communicate effectively in both verbal and written form to
 discuss, advise and receive feedback from the enterprise
 estimate and measure dimensions, and calculate housing
and housing facilities.
The following resources MUST be provided.
 Access is required to real or appropriately simulated
situations, including work areas, materials and
equipment,
 Documentation and information on workplace practices
and OHS practices.
 specifications and work instructions
 Approved assessment tools
 Certified assessor /Assessor’s panel
Competence may be assessed through:
 Practical assessment by direct observation of tasks
through simulation/Role-plays
 Written exam/test on underpinning knowledge
 questioning or interview on underpinning knowledge
 project-related conditions (real or simulated) and require
evidence of process
 Portfolio Assessment (e.g. Certificate from training
providers or employers)
Assessment methods must confirm the ability to access and
correctly interpret and apply the essential underpinning
knowledge
This competency standard could be assessed
 on its own work place
 private or government farm
 in combination with other competencies relevant to the ob
function
Copyright Information:
Ministry of Education
Ethiopia Occupational Standard :
Swine Production
Version 2
March 2011
TOP
Occupational Standard: Swine Production
Unit of Competence
Implement feeding plans for intensive production
Unit code
AGR SWP3 05 0311
Unit descriptor
This competency standard covers the process of implementing
feeding plans in an intensive animal production enterprise. It
requires the interpretation of schedules and plans, the
preparation and feeding of milled and supplementary feed as
well as a clear understanding of the procedures to be
undertaken and the targets to be met. When the requirements
of this standard are met employees understand the role their
work plays in maintaining quality output and support
management in detecting, solving, correcting and preventing
problems. Implementing feeding plans is likely to be under
limited supervision from others with checking only related to
overall progress. The work may involve some responsibility for
others and is usually done within routines, methods and
procedures where some discretion and judgment is required in
the selection of feeds, equipment and materials, organization of
work, to achieve outcomes within time and budgetary
constraints.
Element of competence
1. Interpret swine feeding
plans
.
2. Prepare for feeding
3. Mix feed
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Performance criteria
1.1 Swine condition is assessed and recorded according to
industry standards and enterprise requirements.
1.2 Swine production status is identified according to enterprise
requirements.
1.3.Swine nutritional requirements and the nutritional value of
feedstuffs are identified.
1.4 Feeding plan is confirmed and adjusted as required,
appropriate to swine condition and essential nutritional
requirements.
2.1 Work to be undertaken is interpreted from feeding plan.
2.2 Decisions are made concerning dietary elements for
particular rations.
2.3 OHS hazards are identified, risk assessed and suitable
controls implemented.
2.4 Suitable personal protective equipment is selected, used
and maintained.
2.5 Tools and equipment suitable for the work to be undertaken
are selected, checked, and maintained if necessary.
2.6 Environmental implications of undertaking work are
identified, likely outcomes assessed and, if necessary,
responsible action taken.
3.1 Scales and containers to be used for measurements are
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Ministry of Education
Ethiopia Occupational Standard :
Swine Production
Version 2
March 2011
4. Conduct hygiene and
administration activities
5. Order and store feed
and ingredients
Variable
Swine Condition
Enterprise
requirements
Feeding plan
OHS
Page 17 of 69
calibrated according to the manufacturers instructions.
3.2 Ingredients are identified from instructions and obtained
from storage locations.
3.3 Ingredients are measured in the specified ratios and
quantities.
3.4 Ingredients are blended adequately and hygienically in the
manner specified and using the appropriate equipment.
3.5 Where milling is required, it is done in the manner specified
and using the appropriate equipment.
3.6 Suitable personal protective equipment is selected, used
and maintained.
4.1 Equipment is cleaned according to manufacturers
specifications and organisational procedures to maintain
hygiene standards.
4.2 Information gathering, collation and presentation is
undertaken promptly, efficiently and accurately.
4.3 All required records and documentation are completed
accurately and promptly according to organizational
requirements.
5.1 Ingredients previously selected are ordered from the
supplier according to organisational protocols.
5.2 Ingredients and feed are stored safely in the location and
manner determined by the supervisor.
5.3 Stock is rotated and replacements are ordered to arrive at
the appropriate time to ensure optimum freshness.
5.4 All required records and documentation are completed
accurately and promptly according to organizational
requirements.
Range statement
Swine condition may be assessed by weighing, condition
scoring, and body condition.
Standard operational procedures (SOP), industry standards,
production schedules, MSDS, work notes and plans, product
labels, manufacturers specifications, operators manuals,
enterprise policies and procedures (including waste disposal,
recycling and re-use guidelines), and managers oral or written
instructions.
Feeding plans may include information with regard to
supplementary feeding pattern, feed purchases, minimum
swine condition levels, and production requirements.
The range of actions are both systemic and at an operational
level. These are listed below: Systems should be in place to
ensure the safe operation and maintenance of machinery and
equipment. Precautions should also be in place to minimize
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Ethiopia Occupational Standard :
Swine Production
Version 2
March 2011
exposure to noise, gases and organic dusts. Fixtures should be
in place in all storage sheds including appropriate access
ladders, hand rails and ladder cages. Personal protective
equipment should be selected, used and
maintained. Procedures should be in place and used. Persons
should not be allocated tasks that they are not competent to
perform.
Record keeping should ensure that requirements in relation to
properly observing and using product labels, instruction
manuals and written organisational procedures.
Boots, hats/hard hat, overalls, gloves, protective eyewear,
hearing protection, respirator or face mask, and sun protection
(sun hat, sunscreen).
The mix might consist of prepared and formulated proprietary
rations, liquid feeds, whole grains, protein additives, and/or
vitamins and minerals.
This will require rodent control, dust management, no rat or
bird faecal contamination of feeds or raw ingredients, and feed
not being wet.
It may include hammer milling and roller milling.
Record keeping systems used may be either paper-based or
digital, and information will be recorded into logbooks or other
records.
All chemical usage should be recorded as well as any
necessary recording of vehicle and equipment use in logbooks,
for example. Additionally, any assessment of pests and weeds,
quality, module weights, breakdowns and yield should be
recorded appropriately.
Personal protective
equipment (PPE)
Ingredients
Hygiene
Milling
Documentation
Required records
Evidence Guide
Critical aspects of
competence
Underpinning Knowledge
Page 18 of 69
A candidate must be able to demonstrate the ability to:
 Interpret swine feeding plans
 Prepare for feeding
 Mix feed
 Conduct hygiene and administration activities
 Order and store feed and ingredients
 silo operations and configuration, machinery and operating
practices
 cleaning and storage of machinery, equipment and materials
 enterprise recording and reporting procedures
 raw ingredients - grains, meals
 vitamins, minerals and premix formulations
 the implications of grain incorporating chemical, insect and
fungal contamination
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
Underpinning Skills
Resource implications
Assessment methods
Page 19 of 69
contaminants of raw and meals that could reduce performance
- seeds, moulds, nutritional and disease factors which can
influence product quality evidence of spoilage and handling
spoilt feeds.
 identify a range of grain types and qualities
 identify grain contaminants
 identify premixes and weigh out
 mix feeds and ingredients
 identify basic mixing problems
 relate flock performance data to ration consistency
 recognize and rectify minor operational faults
 read and interpret manufacturers specifications, work and
maintenance plans,
 interpret and apply task instructions, communicate with work
team and supervisor, and record and report faults, workplace
hazards and accidents
 measure and calculate volumes and consumption
requirements
 complete records and documentation of feed use and volumes
for the shed
 take and prepare feed samples for dispatch to the laboratory
 use machinery and equipment associated with mixing and
milling feed
 perform routine maintenance of milling and mixing equipment
 take silo readings.
The following resources MUST be provided.
 Access is required to real or appropriately simulated
situations, including work areas, materials and equipment,
 Documentation and information on workplace practices
and OHS practices.
 specifications and work instructions
 Approved assessment tools
 Certified assessor /Assessor’s panel
Competence may be assessed through:
 Practical assessment by direct observation of tasks
through simulation/Role-plays
 Written exam/test on underpinning knowledge
 questioning or interview on underpinning knowledge
 project-related conditions (real or simulated) and require
evidence of process
 Portfolio Assessment (e.g. Certificate from training
providers or employers)
Assessment methods must confirm the ability to access and
correctly interpret and apply the essential underpinning
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Context of Assessment
Page 20 of 69
knowledge
 Competency is assessed in the work place
 The unit of competency should be assessed in conjunction
with other relevant units in this occupation
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Occupational standard: Swine Production
Unit of Competence
Maintain and monitor feed stocks
Unit code
AGR SWP3 06 0311
Unit descriptor
This competency standard covers the process of maintaining
required quantities and quality of livestock feed stocks. It includes
conducting a stock take, placing orders with suppliers, and
ensuring that storage areas and containers are maintained in a
clean, pest-free condition. Overall progress may be checked
periodically. The maintenance and monitoring of feed stocks will
usually follow set routines, methods and procedures. Some
discretion and judgment is required in the selection of equipment,
materials and organisation of work. The outcomes should be
achieved within specified timelines.
Element of Competence Performance criteria
1. Determine quantities 1.1 Stock take of stock feed is undertaken and inventory
of
updated.
stock feed required
1.2 Livestock feed plans are checked and quantities required are
compared with quantities in stock.
2. Place orders with
2.1 Orders for stock feed are placed with suppliers.
suppliers
2.2 Orders specify quantity, quality, delivery date, delivery site
and any special instructions.
3. Receive feed into
3.1 Delivery manifest is checked and discrepancies reported
store
to supplier and supervisor.
3.2 Quality of stock feed is checked and problems reported to
supplier and supervisor.
3.3 Stock feed is transferred into appropriate storage containers.
3.4 Records and labels are updated
4 Prepare and maintain 4.1 Occupational Health & Safety (OHS) hazards are identified
feed storage area
and action taken to minimize risk.
and
4.2 Feed storage area and containers are cleaned according to
containers
enterprise cleaning schedule and procedures.
4.3 Stocks of stock feed are organized according to enterprise
inventory management policy.
4.4 Stock feed is correctly labeled.
4.5 Feed storage containers are cleaned before refilling.
4.6 Feed storage area and containers are checked regularly
for signs of pest infestation.
4.7 Problems with feed storage facilities are identified,
resolved or reported to supervisor for resolution.
4.8 Stock feed that does not meet quality standards are
disposed of according to enterprise procedures.
Page 21 of 69
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Variable
Range statement
stock feed
Grains, milled and/or mixed feed, liquid feed, feed
supplements
Amounts of each item in stock, identification and location of silo
or container holding each item, quality of stockfeed, expiry
dates, supplier, quantities required on hand.
Suppliers may be external to the enterprise (i.e. commercial
suppliers) or part of the enterprise.
Special instructions may include packaging requirements,
advice of biosecurity/quarantine arrangements, acceptance of
alternative formulations that vary from original specifications
Risks may include operating and maintaining machinery and
equipment including hydraulics, augers and exposed moving
parts, noise, organic and other dusts, working with, transporting
and storing hazardous substances (such as pesticides), using
fumigants, working at heights.
Storage locations and requirements of particular stockfeeds,
frequency of routine stocktakes, inventory system to be used
(e.g. first in first out), records required to be kept.
Specific brand and configuration of stockfeed (e.g. whether
whole, milled, pelleted, powdered, liquid), date processed, date
received into storage, use by date, supplier contact details,
special instructions such as exposure to heat, cold, sunlight.
Milled and/or mixed feeds should be free from contamination,
rancidity, and damp. Stockfeeds should retain their original
consistency, colour, taste, texture and smell.
Inventory
Supplier
Special instructions
Occupational Health
& Safety hazards
Enterprise inventory
management policy
Label
Quality standards
Evidence Guide
Critical aspects of
competence
Underpinning
Knowledge
Underpinning Skills
Page 22 of 69
A candidate must be able to demonstrate the ability to:
 Determine quantities of stockfeed required
 Place orders with suppliers
 Receive feed into store
 Prepare and maintain feed storage area and containers
 enterprise purchasing procedures and arrangements with
suppliers
 minimum and maximum quantities required to be held in stock
 quality parameters of feed ingredients
 nutritional values of various feed ingredients and acceptable
substitutes.
 assess quality of stockfeed
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Resource implications
Assessment methods
Context of Assessment
Page 23 of 69
 undertake manual lifting safely
 read silos accurately and determine quantities in stock
 operate relevant machinery.
The following resources MUST be provided.
 Access is required to real or appropriately simulated
situations, including work areas, materials and
equipment,
 Documentation and information on workplace practices
and OHS practices.
 specifications and work instructions
 Approved assessment tools
 Certified assessor /Assessor’s panel
Competence may be assessed through:
 Practical assessment by direct observation of tasks
through simulation/Role-plays
 Written exam/test on underpinning knowledge
 questioning or interview on underpinning knowledge
 project-related conditions (real or simulated) and require
evidence of process
 Portfolio Assessment (e.g. Certificate from training
providers or employers)
Assessment methods must confirm the ability to access and
correctly interpret and apply the essential underpinning
knowledge
 Competency is assessed in the work place
 The unit of competency should be assessed in conjunction
with other relevant units in this occupation
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Occupational Standard: Swine Production
Unit of Competence
Implement Swine health control programs
Unit code
AGR SWP3 07 0311
Unit descriptor
This competency standard covers the functions required to
identify and treat internal and external parasites in animals.
It requires the application of knowledge and skills to accurately
diagnose the type and severity of infection or parasite infestation
and administer appropriate treatments. Competency requires an
awareness of legislative requirements with regard to animal
welfare. The work in this standard is likely to be carried out
under routine supervision within enterprise guidelines.
Elements of Competence
1. Prepare for treatment of
Sheep and goats
2. Treat sheep and goats
3. Complete treatment
process
Page 24 of 69
Performance criteria
1.1 Sheep and goats affected by infection or parasites are
identified and the type and severity of infestation or
infection is determined.
1.2 Type and scope of treatment is determined and prepared
according to manufacturers specifications, OHS and industry
codes of practice.
1.3 Equipment and materials required for the treatment of
animals are prepared to manufacturers specifications and
enterprise requirements.
1.4 Treatment site is prepared to industry standards according
to enterprise requirements.
1.5 Existing and potential hazards in the workplace are
recognized, risk assessed and controlled according to OHS
requirements.
2.1 Suitable personal protective equipment is selected,used
and maintained according to OHS requirements.
2.2 Sheep and goats are safely handled and restrained without
causing harm or injury to animal or handler.
2.3 Treatment is administered hygienically and consistently
according to manufacturers specifications, OHS and industry
codes of practice.
2.4 Withholding periods are observed and treated sheep and
goats are identified to ensure isolation from non-treated
ones.
2.5 Sheep and goats are counted out, prepared and moved
along a planned route without damage to person, property or
environment.
3.1 Sheep and goats health and condition are monitored posttreatment and abnormalities reported according to enterprise
requirements.
3.2 Environmental implications associated with the treatment
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of sheep and goats are identified, assessed and controlled
according to enterprise requirements.
3.3 Equipment and worksite are cleaned and waste including
sheep and goats residues, is disposed of according to
OHS and enterprise requirements.
3.4 Health treatments are stored to manufacturers
recommendations, industry and enterprise requirements.
3.5 Relevant information is documented according to industry
and enterprise requirements.
Variables
Infections or parasites may
include
Treatments may include
OHS
Equipment and materials
may include
Enterprise requirements
Treatment site/place of
treatment/ may include
Page 25 of 69
Range statement
lice, biting lice, sucking lice, ticks, blowfly, itch mite, mange,
worms, bacteria, viruses or fluke.
assessing the dosage and rates appropriate to the identified type
and severity of infestation or infection, the selection of a
chemical that doesn't cause fleece/fiber contamination and
residues in milk. It may also involve checking the expiry dates on
health preparations for validity.
 Safe systems and procedures for:
 operation of equipment
 hazard and risk control
 handling animals including zoonoses control
 manual handling, including lifting and carrying
 protection from hazardous noise and organic and other
dusts
 handling and storage of hazardous substances
 outdoor work including protection from solar radiation
 appropriate use of personal protective equipment.
syringes, antibiotics and vaccinations, drench guns, overhead
gantry, yards, drenches, scales, races, gates, backpacks, faeces
collection plastic bags, plastic globes, sample jars, portable
coolers, kits supplied by the Department of Agriculture, hand
shears, jetting hand piece, water pump, temporary yards,
portable plunge dips, sharpening stone, jetting race, tanks, spray
dips/shower dips, plunge dips and portable crutching equipment.
Preparation may include the calibration of equipment to check
accuracy of dose rates.
Standard operating procedures (SOPs), enterprise quality
assurance manual, industry standards and quality assurance
programs, Total Quality Management standards, product labels,
manufacturers specifications, operators manuals, enterprise
policies and procedures (including waste disposal, recycling and
re-use) and reporting requirements.
yards, plunge dips, jetting races, in paddock, spray dips/shower
dips. Preparation may involve cleaning and determining the
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Potential hazards
Personal protective
equipment may include
Restrained Procedures
may
Prepared and moved may
include
Environmental implications
Sheep and goat residues
Stored
Relevant information
method of site drainage.
Animal movement and handling, exposure to hazardous noise,
dust and solar radiation and veterinarian chemicals, and
zoonotic diseases
boots, hat/hard hat, overalls, gloves, protective eyewear, hearing
protection, respirator or face mask, and sun protection.
involve the use of industry accepted sheep and goats restrain
equipment in conjunction with safe and humane handling
techniques.
giving animal time to settle post-treatment, conducting the move
in a controlled and quiet manner to correct paddock or sickbay.
Negative environmental impacts may result from the unsafe use
and disposal of veterinarian chemicals (dipping, jetting, parasite
control) and any consequent residual chemicals. Impacts may
also result from high concentrations of animals on ground cover
causing run-off flows, loss of ground cover, soil disturbance,
pugging, dust problems, weed seeds in animal manure,
contamination of ground and surface water supplies, and odors.
This may include fly blown fleece, maggots and chemical
residues.
Storage requirements may include safety, access, warning
signs, temperature control, and security for spillage.
This may include details of equipment and materials used, the
performance of equipment, faults and malfunctions, number of
treated sheep and goats details of treatment, any testing carried
out and results, evaluation of treatment effectiveness and
observed abnormalities or behavior in sheep and goats.
Evidence Guide
Critical Aspects of
Competence
Underpinning Knowledge
and Attitudes
Page 26 of 69
A candidate must be able to demonstrate the ability to:
 Prepare for treatment of sheep and goats
 Treat sheep and goats
 Complete treatment process
The knowledge requirements include:
 application procedures and effects of veterinary
 chemicals
 types of health preparation treatments
 enterprise vaccination program and procedures
 identification of and prescribed treatments for infections
and infestations
 sheep and goats health and nutritional requirements
 types of parasite infestation and their symptoms
 grazing management strategies used in internal parasite
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Underpinning Skills
Resources Implication
Methods of Assessment
Page 27 of 69
control
 requirements for the preparation and transportation of
faecal samples
 drenching equipment, drenches and their efficiency
relevant codes of practice with regard to the safe use and
handling of hazardous substances
 withholding periods for treated animals
 sheep and goats handling and restraint techniques
 OHS legislative requirements
 relevant codes of practice with regard to environmental
protection
Skills include the ability to:
 select and apply chemicals appropriate to treat infections and
infestations
 collect faecal, tissue or blood samples for laboratory
analysis samples
 treat rectal prolapse
 select and prepare sheep and goats for culling
 arrange and co-ordinate equipment and resources
 weigh and drench sheep and goats
 assemble, check and calibrate drenching equipment
 demonstrate safe and environmentally responsible
workplace practices
 provide due care and humanely handle animals
 return animals to prepared and clean environments
 identify the symptoms of parasite infestation
 read and interpret chemical and veterinary health labels,
manufacturers specifications
 communicate verbally with the work team and the manager
 calculate sheep and goat numbers and measure treatment
dosage and rates.
The following resources MUST be provided.
 Access to real or appropriately simulated situations,
including work areas, materials and equipment,
 Documentation and information on workplace practices
and OHS practices.
 specifications and work instructions
 Approved assessment tools
 Certified assessor /Assessor’s panel
Competence may be assessed through:
 Practical assessment by direct observation of tasks
through simulation/Role-plays
 Written exam/test on underpinning knowledge
 questioning or interview on underpinning knowledge
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Swine Production
Version 2
March 2011

Context of Assessment
Page 28 of 69
project-related conditions (real or simulated) and require
evidence of process
 Portfolio Assessment (e.g. Certificate from training
providers or employers)
Assessment methods must confirm the ability to access and
correctly interpret and apply the essential underpinning
knowledge
Competency may be assessed in:
 The work place or in a simulated work place setting
 Assessment centre
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Occupational Title: Swine Production
Unit of Competence
Perform Pregnancy Diagnosis
Unit code
AGR SWP3 08 0311
Unit descriptor
This competency standard covers the functions involved in
manually testing animals for pregnancy. Competency in this
standard includes the assessment of several manuallydetermined key indicators of pregnancy in animals. Inherent in
that competence is a range of underpinning knowledge and
skills and an analytical approach to examining a range of
factors rather than a single piece of evidence in diagnosing
pregnancy. Pregnancy testing may be used as a diagnostic tool
as an integral part of a breeding program or where there is a
need to accurately establish pregnancy or absence of
pregnancy for other purposes such as culling, drying off or prior
to the live export of animals..
Element of
Performance criteria
Competence
1. Prepare for
1.1 Pregnancy testing preparations including the preparation of
pregnancy
relevant documentation are completed according to
diagnosis procedures
organization requirements and procedures.
1.2 Animals are mustered, yarded and safely restrained in line
with organization policy.
1.3 Animals to be tested are drafted according to breeding or
management program requirements.
1.4 Physical and human resources for pregnancy testing are
assembled according to organization policy.
2. Arrange support for
2.1Pregnancy testing supplies and equipment are assembled
pregnancy testing
for the pregnancy testers use.
procedures
2.2 Individual animals are separated and restrained for
veterinary treatment or examination.
2.3 All handling and testing of animals is undertaken with strict
adherence to the Code of Animal Welfare.
2.3 Records of pregnancy testing operations are completed in
line with established procedures and outcomes reported to
management as required.
3. Carry out manual
3.1Individual animals are humanely restrained for testing and
pregnancy diagnosis individual breeding records checked.
procedures
3.2 Personal protective equipment, including appropriate
hand protection, is fitted and used according to organization
policy.
3.3 While working with animals, occupational health & safety
hazards are continually identified, risks assessed and
suitable controls implemented.
Page 29 of 69
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3.4 Rectal area of animal is cleaned as required prior to
examination.
3.5 Rectal examination/palpation is humanely carried out to
4. Carry out post
pregnancy
testing clean up
procedures
establish pregnancy or non-pregnancy from a range of key
indicators.
3.6 Strict hygiene procedures are implemented between
individual animals in line with organization and industry
requirements.
3.7 Records are kept and outcomes reported according to
organization requirements.
3.8 Other indicators of animal health are observed and noted for
input to herd health management
4.1Animals diagnosed as pregnant or not pregnant are
accurately identified according to the requirements of the
organization.
4.2 All animals are consigned to their destination or returned to
Shade/pens in line with organization needs.
4.3 Debris and veterinary medicine containers from pregnancy
testing operations are disposed of in full consideration of
environmental considerations and controls.
4.3 Regular monitoring of animals post testing is carried out to
ensure that no evidence of physical damage or injury is
evident.
Variable
Range statement
Documentation
The documentation prepared for pregnancy testing may include
identification of the estimated stage of pregnancy, including the
assembly of relevant breeding records
Work procedures will be based on sound agricultural principles
and practices and may include supervisors oral or written
instructions, animal production program, organization standard
operating procedures, notes, product labels and Material
Safety Data Sheets, manufacturers service specifications and
operators manuals, waste disposal, recycling and reuse
guidelines, and occupational health & safety procedures
Includes dates, times and periods of observations, chemicals
and other substances used, including quantities and methods,
and
readings from temperature gauges
By such restraints as a mating crush, headstalls or halters
This may include boots, hats/hard hat, overalls, gloves,
protective eyewear, hearing protections, respirator or face mask,
sun protection (sun hat, sun screen), and specialized gloves for
conducting large animal examinations.
Actions to eliminate or minimize OHS risk should include:
Procedures
Records
Restrained
Personal protective
equipment
Occupational health and
Page 30 of 69
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Version 2
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






safety hazards
relevant occupational health and safety hazards
identification, risk assessment and risk control measures
safe operating procedures
safe manual handling systems and procedures
safe systems and procedures for outdoor work, including
protection from solar radiation
selection, use and maintenance of relevant personal
protective equipment.
Key indicators of pregnancy include:
 "bounce" (indicating foetal fluid) in one or both uterine horns
 the presence of cotyledons - size/number/shape (indicating
the state of pregnancy)
 femoral arteries - providing an indication of the stage of foetal
development from "pulsing" or "buzzing" and their relative
diameter
 presence of a developed foetus.
Pregnancy diagnosis may include the identification of
unsuccessful matings, for herd nutritional planning and herd
management planning.
Key indicators
Herd health
management
Evidence Guide
Critical aspects of
competence
Underpinning knowledge
Underpinning skill
Resource Implications
Page 31 of 69
A candidate must be able to demonstrate the ability to:
 Prepare for pregnancy diagnosis procedures
 Arrange support for pregnancy testing procedures
 Carry out manual pregnancy diagnosis procedures
 Carry out post pregnancy testing clean up procedures
 the physiology of reproduction of the animal
 the stages of parturition in animals
 basic animal reproductive physiology
 animal reproductive systems
 animal embryological development
 relevant zoonoses
 recording and reporting systems used in conjunction with
pregnancy diagnosis and animal breeding programs.
 provide empathic care for animals during husbandry
operations
 report clearly, accurately and in a timely fashion on the
health and welfare of the animals
 accept advice and instruction
 work effectively and safely to accurately carry out manual
pregnancy diagnosis with safety and nil damage to animals
or personnel.
The following resources MUST be provided.
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Assessment methods
Context of Assessment
Page 32 of 69
 Access is required to real or appropriately simulated
situations, including work areas, materials and
equipment,
 Documentation and information on workplace practices
and OHS practices.
 specifications and work instructions
 Approved assessment tools
 Certified assessor /Assessor’s panel
Competence may be assessed through:
 Practical assessment by direct observation of tasks
through simulation/Role-plays
 Written exam/test on underpinning knowledge
 questioning or interview on underpinning knowledge
 project-related conditions (real or simulated) and require
evidence of process
 Portfolio Assessment (e.g. Certificate from training
providers or employers)
Assessment methods must confirm the ability to access and
correctly interpret and apply the essential underpinning
knowledge
 Competence is assessed in the work place
 The unit of competence should be assessed in
conjunction with other relevant units in this occupation
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Occupational standard: Swine Production
Unit of Competence
Prepare animals for parturition
Unit code
AGR SWP3 09 0311
Unit descriptor
This unit of competency specifies the outcomes required to
feed and care for animals through the latter stages of
pregnancy to giving birth. It requires the application of
knowledge and skills to assess and provide appropriate
nutritional and environmental requirements for pregnant
animals, perform husbandry procedures and implement
measures for the safeguard of newborn animals. In addition,
the unit requires an awareness of workplace safety and
positive environmental practices associated with animal
production. The work functions in this unit involve the
application of some judgment and discretion and are likely to
be carried out under minimal supervision within enterprise
guidelines.
Element of Competence Performance criteria
1. Identify and provide
.1.1 Nutritional needs of pregnant animals are identified and
animal nutritional needs.
confirmed against the enterprise feeding plan.
1.2 Feed and feed supplements are determined and
provided in accordance with the feeding plan and local
conditions.
1.3 Procedures to minimize feed wastage and spoilage, and
dispose and recycle feed waste are implemented in line
with enterprise requirements.
1.4 Existing and potential OHS hazards in the workplace are
identified, risk assessed and controlled in line with
enterprise requirements.
2. Monitor feeding
2.1 Feeding process is monitored to ensure animals are
process.
feeding effectively in accordance with the feeding plan.
2.2 Feeding abnormalities are recorded and reported in line
With enterprise requirements.
2.3 Environmental implications associated with animal
production are identified, assessed and relevant
measures implemented.
3. Maintain a secure
.3.1 Condition and security of paddocks, shelter and/or
environment for animals.
housing is monitored and maintained in line with
enterprise requirements.
3.2 Basic repair work is carried out and reported as required
in line with OHS and enterprise requirements.
3.3 Predators to newborn animals are monitored, risk
assessed and reported in line with workplace
procedures.
Page 33 of 69
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4. Carry out animal
husbandry procedures.
Variable
Nutritional needs
Feeding plan
Feed and feed
supplements
.
Local conditions
Procedures
Enterprise
requirements
OHS requirements
Environmental
implications
Page 34 of 69
3.4 Environmentally responsible measures to eradicate or
control identified predators are implemented safely in
accordance with relevant legislative requirements.
4.1 Animals are prepared for giving birth in accordance with
enterprise requirements.
4.2 Preventative health treatments are determined and
administered to animals to manufacturer specifications and
recorded in line with enterprise requirements.
4.3 Contingency measures are prepared and implemented as
required.
Range statement
This may depend on the breed, weight and condition of the
animals, stage of pregnancy, lactation requirements, and
season /climactic conditions.
Target weights, amount and type of feed and feed
supplements, feeding frequency and rates, feeding methods
and procedures, weed control strategy, supervisors
instructions, reporting and recording requirements.
Hay, grain, predetermined rations, trace elements, vitamins
and sources of nutrients including silage, paddock feed, grain
legumes, mineral blocks, protein meals, calcium and other
nutrient supplements, and specific purpose feeds
Paddock conditions including availability, quality and quantity
of water and feed supplies, and weather conditions.
The accurate measurement of feed quantities, the use of
precise measurement devices and apparatus, and the accurate
determination of animal feed requirements.
Standard operating procedures (SOPs), industry standards,
production schedules, work notes, product labels,
manufacturers specifications, operators manuals, enterprise
policies and procedures (including waste disposal, recycling
and re-use guidelines), OHS procedures, supervisors oral or
written instructions, and work and feeding plans.
Identify hazards, assess and report risks. Safe systems and
procedures for animal handling including zoonoses control,
handling and storage of grain and feed to reduce risk
associated with organic and other dusts, application and
storage of hazardous substances (drenches, vaccines, baits),
outdoor work including protection from solar radiation,
protection from dust, and the appropriate use of personal
protective equipment(PPE), firearms handling and storage, and
manual handling.
Negative environmental impacts may result from the unsafe
use and disposal of poisons and veterinarian chemicals
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Condition and security
Basic repair work
Predators
Measures
Legislation
Prepared
Preventative health
treatments
Contingency measures
Evidence Guide
Critical aspects of
competence
Page 35 of 69
(vaccinations, drenching, blowfly control), and any consequent
residual chemicals. Impacts may also result from high
concentrations of animals, particularly in holding or confined
areas, causing increased run-off flows and/or wind erosion,
loss of ground cover, soil disturbance, dust problems, weed
seeds in animal manure, contamination of ground and
surface water supplies, and odors.
Weather protection (wind, rain, snow, heat) and the availability
of feed and water supplies. Other factors may include the
provision of "lamb/kid proof" water troughs, paddocks that are
suitable to the size of flock, adequate shelter and housing,
and safe fencing and yards.
Maintenance repairs to fencing, yards, shelter and housing.
Fox, Tiger, Hyena, Dogs (domestic and wild)
Shooting, trapping, poisoning, fencing, spot or neon lighting,
and guard dogs. Safety considerations may include the
minimization of risk and danger to non-predatory animals,
livestock, humans and the environment including the safe
laying of traps, secure fencing, and the safe use of firearms
and poisons.
Control of Use Acts, OHS Acts and codes of practice regarding
hazardous substances and application equipment, Poisons
Schedule, Protection of the Environment Act, State/Territory
Firearms Acts and Regulations, and State/Territory Animal
Welfare Acts and Regulations.
Does and ewes are crutched or shorn prior to giving birth.
Vaccinations, drenching, and diet adjustment.
Emergency procedures in the event of adverse weather
conditions, difficulties in birth giving requiring veterinarian
assistance, and moving into furrowing or delivering facilities
few days prior to due date.
A candidate must be able to demonstrate the ability to:
 Identify and provide animal nutritional needs.
 Monitor feeding process.
 Maintain a secure environment for animals.
 Carry out animal husbandry procedures.
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Underpinning Knowledge
Underpinning Skills
Resource implications
Assessment methods
Context of Assessment
Page 36 of 69
knowledge requirements include:
 Feeding and taking care of sheep and goats during the late
stages of pregnancy.
 Performing husbandry procedures and implementing
measures for the safeguard of newborn animals
 Creating awareness of workplace safety and positive
environmental practices associated with sheep and goats
production
 Assessing and providing appropriate nutritional and
environmental requirements for pregnant sheep/goats.
 Monitoring the space requirements of pregnant sheep/goats
during latest stage of pregnancy.
The following resources MUST be provided.
 Access is required to real or appropriately simulated
situations, including work areas, materials and
equipment,
 Documentation and information on workplace practices
and OHS practices.
 specifications and work instructions
 Approved assessment tools
 Certified assessor /Assessor’s panel
Competence may be assessed through:
 Practical assessment by direct observation of tasks
through simulation/Role-plays
 Written exam/test on underpinning knowledge
 questioning or interview on underpinning knowledge
 project-related conditions (real or simulated) and require
evidence of process
 Portfolio Assessment (e.g. Certificate from training
providers or employers)
Assessment methods must confirm the ability to access and
correctly interpret and apply the essential underpinning
knowledge
 Competency is assessed in the work place
 The unit of competency should be assessed in conjunction
with other relevant units in this occupation
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Occupational standard: Swine Production
Unit of Competence
Monitor intensive swine production growing environments
Unit code
AGR SWP3 10 0311
Unit descriptor
This competency standard covers the process of monitoring
intensive livestock production growing environments. This
includes the monitoring the health and welfare of livestock, the
growing environment, and the feeding systems. Work is likely to
be under limited supervision from others, with checking only
related to overall progress. The monitoring of intensive livestock
production equipment and growing environments are usually
performed according to enterprise guidelines and within
established routines, methods and procedures. Some discretion
and judgment may be required depending on what type of
system is to be monitored.
Element of Competence Performance criteria
1. Monitor swine health
1.1 Workplace information is interpreted and clarified with the
and welfare
supervisor.
1.2 Growth rate of swine is assessed against targets set in the
production plan.
1.3 Swine are assessed for overall health and welfare
according to enterprise procedures.
2. Monitor the growing
2.1 Environmental parameters are monitored according to the
environment
production plan and adjustments made as required.
2.2 Hygiene procedures are monitored and adjusted according
to enterprise guidelines.
2.3 Disposal of waste and debris is monitored to ensure it
follows enterprise guidelines, and with due consideration of
the environmental implications.
3. Monitor feed
3.1 Feed is monitored to ensure the correct diet is offered to
swine for optimum growing conditions according to
enterprise procedures.
3.2 Feed is monitored to ensure fresh palatable feed is
available to swine according to enterprise procedures.
4. Perform routine
4.1 All buildings and structures are inspected and checked
maintenance checks
for wear and tear.
4.2 Equipment for delivering water and feed is checked
according
to enterprise guidelines.
4.3 Equipment controlling the atmospheric environment is
checked according to enterprise guidelines.
4.4 OHS hazards are identified, risk assessed and suitable
controls implemented according to enterprise guidelines.
5. Complete monitoring
5.1 Any significant problems are reported to the manager and/or
activities
Owner/ operator.
Page 37 of 69
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5.2 All checks are recorded according to enterprise
requirements.
Variable
Workplace information
Environmental
parameters
Adjustments
Hygiene procedures
Environmental
implications
Buildings and
structures
Equipment for
controlling the
atmospheric
environments
OHS hazards
Suitable controls
Page 38 of 69
Ranges statement
Workplace information may include the production plan,
standard operation procedures (SOP), industry literature,
manufacturers specification, product labels or verbal instruction
from the manager or supervisor, and codes of practice.
Environmental parameters may include temperature, light, air
movement and humidity.
Adjusting environmental parameters may include using fans,
heaters, opening and shutting louvers and windows, using
misters, and artificial lighting.
Hygiene procedures may include washing tools and equipment
after use, cleaning shoes and hands before entering work
areas, maintaining good ventilation in growing areas, removing
diseased or dead swine promptly, cleaning/sanitizing facilities,
tools and equipment, preventing contamination of feed, and
ensuring potable water is available to swine.
Environmental considerations may include the safe disposal of
chemical containers or left over chemicals, the run off from the
washing and cleaning of tools and equipment, disposal of dead
animals and debris, and the effective management of drainage
of effluent.
Buildings and structures may include animal accommodation
and holding structures, sheds, service buildings, pathways,
fences, and sealed surfaces.
Items of equipment may include heaters (air and water),
coolers, lights, misting systems, humidifiers, exhaust fans, and
air vents.
Hazards may include hazardous chemicals; water and dust;
manual handling of animals, moving equipment and vehicles,
sharp tools, noise, slippery or uneven surfaces, heat, and
zoonoses.
Suitable controls may include following OHS procedures for the
use and maintenance of equipment and machinery, use of
protective clothing, handling and storage of hazardous
substances, correct manual handling procedures, and the use
and maintenance of suitable Personal Protective Equipment
(PPE).
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Evidence Guide
Critical aspects of
competence
Underpinning Knowledge
Underpinning Skills
Resource implications
Page 39 of 69
A candidate must be able to demonstrate the ability to:
 Monitor swine health and welfare
 Monitor the growing environment
 Monitor feed
 Perform routine maintenance checks
 Complete monitoring activities
 equipment used in intensive growing systems
 environmental control mechanisms and ventilation and
heating systems
 light programs
 feeding programs for different sexes, classes and types of
swine
 basic animal anatomy
 methods to analyse results of feed and water sampling
 hygiene practices and awareness
 normal behaviour of animals
 enterprise and industry codes of practice
 environmental implications of the disposal of chemicals or
chemical containers and animal wastes
 monitor swine health and welfare
 monitor the environment.
 monitor feed systems and water supplies
 perform routine maintenance checks
 carry out routine repairs and maintenance
 use of hand held and electrical tools such as welders,
grinders and drills
 sampling techniques
 complete monitoring activities.
The following resources MUST be provided.
 Access is required to real or appropriately simulated
situations, including work areas, materials and
equipment,
 Documentation and information on workplace
practices and OHS practices.
 specifications and work instructions
 Approved assessment tools
 Certified assessor /Assessor’s panel
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Assessment methods
Context of Assessment
Page 40 of 69
Competence may be assessed through:
 Practical assessment by direct observation of tasks
through simulation/Role-plays
 Written exam/test on underpinning knowledge
 questioning or interview on underpinning knowledge
 project-related conditions (real or simulated) and
require evidence of process
 Portfolio Assessment (e.g. Certificate from training
providers or employers)
Assessment methods must confirm the ability to access
and correctly interpret and apply the essential
underpinning knowledge
 Competency is assessed in the work place
 The unit of competency should be assessed in
conjunction with other relevant units in this occupation
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Occupational Title: Swine Production
Unit of Competence
Implement waste management program
Unit code
AGR SWP3 11 0311
Unit descriptor
This unit of competency describes the implementation of a
waste management program. It requires the ability to plan and
coordinate activity. This work requires the application of some
judgment and discretion, and is likely to be carried out
independently within own area of responsibility
Element of Competence Performance criteria
1. Organize for
1.1 Review waste management strategy to determine
implementation of
implementation requirements
waste
1.2 Identify potential risks and hazards and notify/discuss with
management program
designated/ appropriate person
1.3 Select appropriate equipment, including personal
protective equipment and personnel requirements, for
implementation of strategy, in accordance with company
requirements and OHS procedures
2. Implement waste
2.1 Explain new or changed waste management procedures
management program
and processes to all relevant personnel
2.2 Implement new or changed waste management procedures
in accordance with waste management program and
company and relevant legislative requirements
2.3 Provide education and training to personnel to ensure full
understanding and commitment to waste management plan
including OHS procedures, appropriate personal protective
equipment, work procedures, company requirements and
relevant legislation
3. Monitor and review
3.1 Review implementation of waste management program
outcomes of strategy
to determine safety, feasibility, compliance, efficiency and
effectiveness
3.2 Make necessary adjustments to waste management
program to maximize achievement of objectives
4. Document strategy
4.1 Document details of waste strategy implementation and
implementation and
review in accordance with company requirements
review
Variable
Appropriate person
Company requirements
Equipment
Personal protective
Page 41 of 69
Range statement
Includes client, supervisor and team member.
 are found in job sheet, management strategy, manuals,
verbal or written instructions and work procedures.
 collection container, load shifting equipment, measurement
equipment and tarpaulin.
 communications equipment
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equipment
Potential risks and
hazards
Waste management
strategy
Page 42 of 69
 eye protection
 eyewash kit
 fire extinguishers
 First Aid kit
 gloves
 overalls
 protective boots
 protective clothing.
 breathing apparatus
 emergency procedure guides
 face shield/mask
 hard hat
 hearing protection
 material safety data sheets
 spill kit.
are those risks and hazards identified by the organization that
could lead to injury or illness of employees, contractors, visitors
or the public; damage to plant, vehicles or property; or that
could cause harm to the environment This relates to on-site and
off-site activities (whether company owned or occupied
premises, customer/client premises or public property) over
which it could be expected the organization had control. Risks
and hazards may include:
 broken glass/metal
 compaction equipment
 contamination
 dust
 fire
 gases and fumes
 hazardous waste (e.g. sharps)
 injuries resulting from manual handling and repetitive work
 narrow driveways
 other vehicles and equipment
 overhanging signs
 projectiles
 spark-producing equipment
 unguarded conveyor belt weather.
changes to processes and procedures
 education and resource requirements
 feasibility study of waste management options
 future reviews and audits
 past waste audit information
 prioritization of waste management strategies
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




recycling requirements
reduction
re-use
schedules
waste management objectives.
Evidence Guide
Critical aspects of
competence
Underpinning knowledge
Underpinning skill
Resource Implications
Page 43 of 69
A candidate must be able to demonstrate the ability to:
 Interpret strategy requirements.
 Implement new processes and procedures.
 Organize education and training.
 Monitor outcomes of strategy.
 Waste minimisation hierarchy.
 Site waste management processes and procedures.
 Site waste management plan.
 Waste management techniques.
 Quality control measures.
 Waste sampling methods and techniques.
 Company requirements.
 Occupational health and safety requirements.
 Duty of care in provision of services.
 Relevant industry standards.
 Relevant legislation.
 Relevant environmental regulations.
 OHS hierarchy of control.
 oral communication skills including questioning, listening,
giving instructions, giving information, training, signaling
 interpersonal skills
 written communication skills
 reading and interpreting strategy
 change implementation
 waste assessment
 quality control inspection
 methodical organization of work
 record keeping
 computer skills
 use of emergency and personal protective equipment
 safe and efficient work practices.
The following resources MUST be provided.
 Access is required to real or appropriately simulated
situations, including work areas, materials and
equipment,
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
Assessment methods
Context of Assessment
Page 44 of 69
Documentation and information on workplace practices
and OHS practices.
 specifications and work instructions
 Approved assessment tools
 Certified assessor /Assessor’s panel
Competence may be assessed through:
 Practical assessment by direct observation of tasks
through simulation/Role-plays
 Written exam/test on underpinning knowledge
 questioning or interview on underpinning knowledge
 project-related conditions (real or simulated) and require
evidence of process
 Portfolio Assessment (e.g. Certificate from training
providers or employers)
Assessment methods must confirm the ability to access and
correctly interpret and apply the essential underpinning
knowledge
 Competence is assessed in the work place
 The unit of competence should be assessed in
conjunction with other relevant units in this occupation
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Occupational Standard
Unit of competence
Unit Code
Unit Descriptor
Element of competence
1. Maintain workplace
environmental procedures
2. Recognize and report
on potential environmental
threats
3. Support continuous
improvement of
environmental work
practices
Page 45 of 69
Swine production
Maintain and monitor environmental work practices
AGR SWP3 12 0311
This competency standard covers the process of maintaining
and monitoring positive environmental work practices. It
requires the ability to recognize basic environmental hazards
and threats. It includes the ability to follow and give workplace
directions and instructions by communicating accurately with
supervisors and workplace colleagues, and to keep records.
Maintaining and monitoring environmental work practices
requires awareness of, and an ability to implement relevant
environmental legislation, policies and workplace/industry
practices.
Effective methods of improving environmental performance
and environmental issues especially in regard to water
catchments, air, noise, ecosystems, habitat, efficient use of
resources, sustainability and waste minimization, are also
necessary.
Performance Criteria
1.1 Workplace procedures and work instructions for
integrated environmental work practices for own work
area are recognized, followed and conveyed to team
members.
1.2 Relevant legislation, codes and national standards that
impact on workplace environmental practices are
recognized, conveyed to team members and followed.
2.1 Existing and potential environmental risks and hazards
are identified, reported to designated personnel and
dealt with.
2.2 Location and extent of the potential environmental threat
are accurately recorded.
2.3 Reports on the potential environmental threat are
completed according to enterprise guidelines.
3.1 Information is gathered and improvements are suggested
to support the development of improved environmental
workplace practices.
3.2 Environmental issues and their relationship to workplace
practices are discussed in the workplace.
3.3 Changes to workplace approaches to environmental
practices are responded to positively and promptly in
accordance with enterprise requirements.
3.4 Individuals/teams are informed of the results of
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4. Maintain environmental
records
environmental improvements in the workplace.
3.5 Environmental training needs of the work team are
identified, and training is sought where required.
4.1 Environmental records are accurately and legibly
maintained and stored securely in a form accessible for
reporting purposes.
4.2 Internal and external reporting procedures are identified
and maintained.
Variable
Range statement
environmental
workplace procedures
may include
written procedures or work instructions for environmental
hazard and risk identification, avoiding or minimizing
environmental risks, improving environmental performance,
waste minimization and segregation, environmental
monitoring, signs and labels (e.g. chemical labels),
emergency procedures, hazard and incident recording and
reporting procedures, and environmental data recording and
reporting procedures where applicable. Verbal instructions
from persons with responsibility related to environmental work
practices are also included in this definition.
Waste minimization and management, sustainability, local,
regional, State and National strategies on weed and pest
management, protection of land and habitat and the
conservation of resources, energy use, greenhouse gas
emissions, use of chemicals, and plant and equipment.
That a person will acknowledge that environmental impacts,
hazards and risks exist, and that they have a responsibility to
work in a manner which will minimize the impact on the
environment within the guidelines established by the
workplace.
Award and enterprise agreements, relevant environmental
legislation from all levels of government, Ethiopian standards,
international agreements and relevant industry codes of
practice.
Verbally (face-to-face or through communication equipment)
and in writing (notes, faxes, email or electronic messages).
Environmental policies
may include
Recognize and
follow mean
legislation, codes
and national standards
may be
a report may be made
Environmental risks
and hazards may
include
Page 46 of 69
These could include spills, leaks, pollution, planned and
unplanned emissions, soil compaction, disturbance and
erosion, accidents and disposal of waste, and damage or
disruption to ecosystems resulting from work practices. Also
includes plants, animals or diseases that are classified as an
environmental threat or problem in an area, unauthorized
changes in land use, fire risks and threats, and inappropriate
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Designated personnel in a
workplace may include
Suggestions may be
Environmental issues
Workplace approaches to
environmental practices
may be
Environmental records
may include
human interaction on the environment. This may include
damage to habitat resources, disruption of animal behavior
and territorial use, illegal vegetation clearance, seed
collection, firewood gathering, nest disturbance and egg
collecting.
Manager, supervisor, and people who are responsible for
work area or who may be assigned to act as a entor/trainer to
a person under instruction.
Ideas to minimize hazards and risks, reduce waste, make
more efficient use of resources and improve environmental
performance, reduce soil disturbance and improve habitat
resources.
Sustainability, reduction and disposal of waste, water quality,
energy efficiency, biodiversity and habitat protection,
conservation of natural resources, air quality, land
contamination, noise, soil and salinity management, and fire
management.
Preventing and minimizing the production of pollution (e.g.
discharges to air, land and water, hazardous waste, reducing
'burning off', composting, recycling materials, conservation
practices), and improving workplace maintenance practices
(e.g. using a broom instead of a hose, using environmentfriendly cleaning agents).
Environmental data, maintenance and inspection reports,
incident or accident reports, and complaints from the public.
Evidence Guide
Critical Aspects of
Competence
Page 47 of 69
A candidate must be able to demonstrate the ability to:
 explain relevant legislation from all levels of government on
environmental issues
 explain and apply relevant environmental policies and
workplace/industry practices and procedures
 follow workplace directions and instructions
 keep environmental records.
 Communicate ideas and information verbally with
supervisors and work colleagues on environmental work
practices and potential hazards and risks.
 Collect, analyze and organize information
 Plan and organize activities according to enterprise
environmental and work place practices and policies.
 compute quantification (e.g. counting, estimating areas) of
environmental hazards or problems and through collection
of data.
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Underpinning Knowledge
and Attitudes
Underpinning Skills
Resources Implication
Page 48 of 69
Demonstrates knowledge of:
 relevant legislation from all levels of government on
environmental issues
 relevant environmental policies and workplace/industry
practices and procedures
 good practice approaches relevant to work area particularly
in regard to minimizing environment hazards and risks, and
improving environmental performance
 environmental issues, especially in regard to water
catchments, air, noise, ecosystems, habitat, efficient use of
resources, sustainability and waste minimization
 potential environmental threats and problems relevant to a
given region and occupation
 general work place practices and their potential impact on
the environment .
skills include the ability to:
 communicate with supervisors and workplace colleagues
 recognize environmental hazards and threats
 act upon environmental hazards and threats by following
enterprise procedures legislative requirements
 instruct/advise others to follow enterprise procedures and
legislative requirements
 follow workplace directions and instructions
 keep environmental records.
 Communicate ideas and information verbally with
supervisors and work colleagues on environmental work
practices and potential hazards and risks.
 Collect, analyze and organize information through
maintaining and analyze environmental records.
 Plan and organize activities according to enterprise
environmental and work place practices and policies.
 Use mathematical ideas and techniques through
quantification (e.g. counting, estimating areas) of
environmental hazards or problems and through collection
of data.
 Solve problems through recognition of and responses to
environment hazards and risks, and determining ways that
work practices can be more environmentally friendly.
 Use technology required to record information, deal with
environmental hazards,
 and improve work practices to be more environmentally
friendly.
The following resources MUST be provided.
 Access to real or appropriately simulated situations,
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Methods of Assessment
Context of Assessment
Page 49 of 69
including work areas, materials and equipment,
 Documentation and information on workplace
practices and OHS practices.
 specifications and work instructions
 Approved assessment tools
 Certified assessor /Assessor’s panel
Competence may be assessed through:
 Practical assessment by direct observation of tasks
through simulation/Role-plays
 Written exam/test on underpinning knowledge
 questioning or interview on underpinning knowledge
 project-related conditions (real or simulated) and
require evidence of process
 Portfolio Assessment (e.g. Certificate from training
providers or employers)
Assessment methods must confirm the ability to access and
correctly interpret and apply the essential underpinning
knowledge
Competency may be assessed in the work place or in a
simulated work place setting This competency standard could
be assessed on its own or in combination with other
competencies relevant to the job function.
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Occupational Standard: Swine production
Unit of competence
Respond to emergencies
Unit Code
AGR SWP3 13 0311
Unit Descriptor
This competency standard covers the process of recognizing
and responding to emergencies and implementing a range of
life support measures across a broad spectrum of situations
/incidents. It requires the ability to accurately evaluate the
emergency, avoid/control escalation of the emergency,
efficiently implement a plan of action, and render first aid care.
Responding to emergencies requires knowledge of
Occupational Health and Safety legislation and regulations, the
emergency network, and first aid casualty management
principles.
Element of competence
1. Prepare for emergency
situations
Performance Criteria
1.1 Appropriate actions are taken to maximize safety and
minimize health hazards in the workplace.
1.2 Options for action in cases of emergency are identified
and evaluated.
1.3 Organizational emergency procedures and policies are
correctly implemented as part of the workplace
procedures.
1.4 Occupational health and safety procedures and safe
working practices are applied including the selection of
personal protective equipment (PPE) to suit the
emergency situation.
1.5 Regular checks of the workplace are carried out to
minimize potential hazards.
1.6 Emergency procedures are carried out as required by
established workplace procedures.
1.7 Safety equipment and aids required for emergencies are
selected, used, maintained and stored in good order.
1.8 Near misses and potential hazards are reported to
supervisor and/or documented according to enterprise
guidelines.
2.1 Fire hazards are minimized as specified in workplace
and/or fuelling procedures.
2.2 Appropriate fire extinguishers and fire fighting equipment
are used in fire situations, and appropriate authority
notified according to established procedures.
2.3 Evacuation procedures are followed according to
2. Implement fire
prevention
and control on site and in
the workshop
Page 50 of 69
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3. Evaluate the
emergency
4. .Act in an emergency
5. Apply essential first aid
techniques
Page 51 of 69
enterprise policy and plan including nominated assembly
points.
2.4 Where required, specific safety procedures for the
handling and use of industrial gases are carried out in
line with standard industry practice and regulations.
3.1 Emergency and potential emergency situation reports
3.2 Advice is sought from relevant people in evaluating the
emergency.
3.3 The possible development of the emergency situation is
assessed and further potential hazards to staff and/or
clients are evaluated.
3.4 Needs, including those for assistance, are prioritized
promptly and accurately.
4.1 The plan of action is implemented using techniques
appropriate to the situation and available resources and
abilities.
4.2 Equipment is operated safely and, where necessary,
equipment and techniques are improvised.
4.3 Strategies for group control are identified and
implemented, and clients and other individuals are
removed from danger.
4.4 The condition of all staff and others assisting is constantly
monitored.
4.5 The information required to assist emergency services,
where relevant, is acquired and documented.
4.6 Emergency services are notified as necessary.
4.7 The plan of action is changed to accommodate changes in
the situation variables.
4.8 Casualty evacuation methods are demonstrated where
relevant to the context.
4.9 Organizational procedures and policies and legal
requirements are correctly implemented in the event of a
major injury or death.
5.1 Immediate risk to self and casualty's health and safety are
minimized by isolating the hazard.
5.2 The casualty's injuries and vital signs are assessed.
5.3 Casualty is reassured in a caring and calm manner and
made comfortable using available resources.
5.4 First aid care is provided in accordance with established
first aid procedures.
5.5 First aid assistance is sought from others as appropriate.
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Variable
Range statement
Workplace procedures
refer to
Search procedures (search of likely routes followed,
systematic search, voice or whistle contacts), evacuations,
use of isolating equipment, prevention of escalation of risk,
containment, clean up, control of fire, administering of first
aid, assistance to injured team member, retrieval of team
member and activity-specific rescue techniques.
Firefighter protective clothing, helmets and hardhats, boots,
gloves, breathing apparatus, protective clothing, protective
hose lines or sprays, safety eye washes and safety showers.
Compressed and liquefied fuel gases, oxygen, acetylene,
nitrogen, anhydrous ammonia and carbon dioxide.
• Fire, hazardous releases, fuel spillage, gases, chemical
spills, bomb threats, civil disorder, medical (e.g., bites, stings,
epileptic fit, heart attack), road accidents, injury from
machinery and equipment, fall, climbing accident, swimming
or diving accident, snake bite or poisoning, respiratory or
cardiac arrest, and electrocution, injuries, panic and other
emotional responses, equipment failure, lost team or team
member, result of environmental conditions (e.g., heat, cold,
wet, snow, wind, lightning, bushfires, floods, high seas), and
activity-specific.
Managers, OHS officers, workplace first aiders, fire
wardens, emergency service people, other external
experts and consultants.
Biological, chemical, mechanical, electrical, thermal,
explosive, structural, climatic, psychological (e.g., critical
incident stress), nuclear, proximity of other people, vehicles
and machinery, fire, gas, fumes, electrical situations, security
related and wildlife related situations.
Shock, external bleeding, burns, limb, abdominal and pelvic
injuries, head and neck injuries, poisoning, bites and stings,
facial injuries and management of a casualty with chest pains,
who is fitting, who is known to have diabetes and collapses,
who is choking, who is drowning, who has a swollen neck,
who has asthma, who is not breathing, who is suffering from
overexposure, who is suffering from a chest injury, and/or who
has been hit by a motor vehicle or injured by machinery and
equipment.
Participants in an activity or program, colleagues, general
public, small group or larger group, experienced or
inexperienced personnel.
personal protective
equipment
Industrial gases
may include
Emergencies may
Be
Relevant people may
include
Hazards may include
injuries may include
Others may include
Page 52 of 69
Copyright Information:
Ministry of Education
Ethiopia Occupational Standard :
Swine Production
Version 2
March 2011
Development of the
situation may include
Emergency reports
and signals may include
Emergency services may
be
Management
authorities
Situation variables
may apply to
Spread of fire, threat to adjoining areas, danger of explosion,
loss of communications and involvement of additional
persons.
Observation, verbal, emergency warning system, emergency
alarm system, hand signals, verbal reports, telephone
communications, radio communications and whistles.
• Police Search and Rescue, Emergency Service, Fire
Brigade, Ambulance Service, Land Management Authorities
(e.g., National Parks, Forestry)
city councils, local government authorities, departments,
agricultural producers, defence forces, water authorities and
utility agencies and commissions
Capabilities of the group/clients, weather conditions,
topography, time factors, human resources, available food
and water, size of search area, distance from emergency
response providers, delays in accessing emergency help, time
of day, communications facilities and difficulties, and
emotional and physical condition of casualties.
Evidence Guide
Critical Aspects of
Competence
Underpinning Knowledge
and Attitudes
Underpinning Skills
Page 53 of 69
A candidate must be able to demonstrate the ability to:
 Apply OHS legislative requirements and Codes of Practice.
 Demonstrate practical first aid skills using prepared and
improvised materials.
 Implement hazard identification, assessment and control.
 Deal with contingencies.
 • Communicate with others
Demonstrates knowledge of:
 The use of safe working practices.
 The emergency network.
 Enterprise plan and evacuation procedures.
 OHS legislative requirements and Codes of Practice.
 Legal responsibilities and Duty of Care.
 Use of communications equipment.
 Organizational and legal policies and procedures in the event
of an accident/incident.
 Local call out procedures to access emergency services
personnel.
 Practical first aid skills using prepared and improvised
materials.
 Hazard identification, assessment and control.
Skills include the ability to:
• Accurately evaluate the emergency.
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Ministry of Education
Ethiopia Occupational Standard :
Swine Production
Version 2
March 2011
Resources Implication
Methods of Assessment
Context of Assessment
Page 54 of 69
• Avoid/control escalation of the emergency.
• Develop a plan of action decisively.
• Efficiently implement a plan of action.
• Render first aid care.
• Deal with contingencies.
• Communicate with others.
The following resources MUST be provided.
 Access is required to real or appropriately simulated
situations, including work areas, materials and
equipment,
 Documentation and information on workplace practices
and OHS practices.
 specifications and work instructions
 Approved assessment tools
 Certified assessor /Assessor’s panel
Competence may be assessed through:
 Practical assessment by direct observation of tasks
through simulation/Role-plays
 Written exam/test on underpinning knowledge
 questioning or interview on underpinning knowledge
 project-related conditions (real or simulated) and require
evidence of process
 Portfolio Assessment (e.g. Certificate from training
providers or employers)
Assessment methods must confirm the ability to access and
correctly interpret and apply the essential underpinning
knowledge
Competency may be assessed in the work place or in a
simulated work place setting
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Ministry of Education
Ethiopia Occupational Standard :
Swine Production
Version 2
March 2011
TOP
Occupational Standard: Swine production
Unit of competence
Unit Code
Unit Descriptor
Element of competence
1.
2.
3.
4.
Establish quality
standards
Assess quality of
service delivered
Apply Quality Control
AGR SWP3 14 0311
This unit covers the knowledge, attitudes and skills required in
applying quality control in agricultural work and activities.
Performance Criteria
1.1
Quality standard procedures for agricultural work and
activities are developed and agreed upon.
1.2
Quality standard procedures are documented in accordance
with the organization policy.
1.3
Standard procedures are introduced to organizational staff /
personnel.
1.4
Standard procedures are revised / updated when necessary
2.1
Services delivered are checked against organization quality
standards and specifications.
2.2
Service delivered are evaluated using the appropriate
evaluation parameters and in accordance with organization
standards.
2.3
Causes of any identified faults are identified and corrective
actions are taken in accordance with organization policies
and procedures
Record information 3.1 Basic information on the quality performance is recorded in
accordance with organization procedures.
Study causes of
quality deviations
Page 55 of 69
3.2
Records of work quality are maintained according to the
requirements of the organization.
4.1
Causes of deviations from final outputs or services are
investigated and reported in accordance with organization
procedures.
4.2
Suitable preventive action is recommended based on
organization quality standards and identified causes of
deviation from specified quality standards of final service or
output.
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Ministry of Education
Ethiopia Occupational Standard :
Swine Production
Version 2
March 2011
5.
Complete
documentation
5.1
Information on quality and other indicators of service
performance is recorded.
5.2
All service processes and outcomes are recorded.
Variable
Range statement
Quality check
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


Quality standards
Quality parameters
Check against prescription
Visual inspection of the agricultural process
materials
components
work process
design standard and specification
standard design and specification
materials
Evidence Guide
Critical Aspects of
Competence
Underpinning
Knowledge
Underpinning Skills
Resource Implications
Page 56 of 69
A candidate must demonstrate the ability to:
 Checked completed work continuously against organization
standard.
 Identified and isolated faulty or poor service.
 Checked service delivered against designed standards and
specification
 Identified and applied corrective actions on the causes of
identified faults or error.
 Recorded basic information regarding quality performance.
 Investigated causes of deviations of services against standard.
 Recommended suitable preventive actions.
 Relevant quality standards, policies and procedures
 Characteristics of services
 Safety environment aspects of service processes
 Relevant evaluation techniques and quality checking procedures
 Workplace procedures and reporting procedures
 Interpret work instructions, specifications and standards
appropriate to the required work or service
 Carry out relevant performance evaluation
 Maintain accurate work records in accordance with procedures
 Meet work specifications and requirements
 Communicate effectively within defined workplace procedures
The following resources MUST be provided.
 Access is required to real or appropriately simulated
situations, including work areas, materials and equipment,
 Documentation and information on workplace practices and
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Ministry of Education
Ethiopia Occupational Standard :
Swine Production
Version 2
March 2011
Methods of
Assessment
Context for
Assessment
Page 57 of 69
OHS practices.
 specifications and work instructions
 Approved assessment tools
 Certified assessor /Assessor’s panel
Competence may be assessed through:
 Practical assessment by direct observation of tasks
through simulation/Role-plays
 Written exam/test on underpinning knowledge
 questioning or interview on underpinning knowledge
 project-related conditions (real or simulated) and require
evidence of process
 Portfolio Assessment (e.g. Certificate from training
providers or employers)
Assessment methods must confirm the ability to access and
correctly interpret and apply the essential underpinning knowledge
Competence may be assessed in the work place or in a simulated
work place setting
Copyright Information:
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Ethiopia Occupational Standard :
Swine Production
Version 2
March 2011
TOP
Occupational Standard: Swine production
Unit of Competence
Lead Workplace Communication
Unit Code
AGR SWP3 15 0311
Unit Descriptor
This unit covers the knowledge, attitudes and skills to lead in
the dissemination and discussion of information and issues in
the workplace.
Element of Competence
Performance Criteria
1. Communicate
information about
workplace processes
2. Lead workplace
discussion
3. Identify and
communicate issues
arising in the workplace
Page 58 of 69
1.1
Appropriate communication method is selected
1.2
Multiple operations involving several topics areas are
communicated accordingly
1.3
Questions are used to gain extra information
1.4
Correct sources of information are identified
1.5
Information is selected and organized correctly
1.6
Verbal and written reporting is undertaken when required
1.7
Communication skills are maintained in all situations
2.1
Response to workplace issues are sought
2.2
Response to workplace issues are provided immediately
2.3
Constructive contributions are made to workplace
discussions on such issues as production, quality and
safety
2.4
Goals/objectives and action plan undertaken in the
workplace are communicated.
3.1
Issues and problems are identified as they arise
3.2
Information regarding problems and issues are organized
coherently to ensure clear and effective communication
3.3
Dialogue is initiated with appropriate staff/personnel
3.4
Communication problems and issues are raised as they
arise
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Ministry of Education
Ethiopia Occupational Standard :
Swine Production
Version 2
March 2011
Variable
Range statement
Methods of
communication
 Non-verbal gestures, Verbal, Face to face
 Two-way radio, Speaking to groups, Using telephone
 Written, Using Internet, Cell phone
Evidence Guide
Critical Aspects of
Competence
A candidate must be able to demonstrate the ability to:
 Deal with a range of communication/information at one time
 Make constructive contributions in workplace issues
 seek workplace issues effectively
 Respond to workplace issues promptly
 Present information clearly and effectively written form
 Use appropriate sources of information
 Ask appropriate questions
 Provide accurate information
Underpinning Knowledge
and Attitudes
Demonstrates knowledge of:
 Organization requirements for written and electronic
communication methods
 Effective verbal communication methods
Underpinning Skills
Demonstrates skills to:
 Organize information
 Understand and convey intended meaning
 Participate in variety of workplace discussions
 Comply with organization requirements for the use of written
and electronic communication methods
The following resources MUST be provided.
 Access is required to real or appropriately simulated
situations, including work areas, materials and
equipment,
 variety of information, communication tools,
 Documentation and information on workplace practices
and OHS practices.
 specifications and work instructions
 Approved assessment tools
 Certified assessor /Assessor’s panel
Competence may be assessed through:
Resources Implication
Assessment Methods
Page 59 of 69
Copyright Information:
Ministry of Education
Ethiopia Occupational Standard :
Swine Production
Version 2
March 2011

Context of Assessment
Page 60 of 69
Practical assessment by direct observation of tasks
through simulation/Role-plays
 Written exam/test on underpinning knowledge
 questioning or interview on underpinning knowledge
 project-related conditions (real or simulated) and require
evidence of process
 Portfolio Assessment (e.g. Certificate from training
providers or employers)
Assessment methods must confirm the ability to access and
correctly interpret and apply the essential underpinning
knowledge
Competence may be assessed in the work place or in a
simulated work place setting
Copyright Information:
Ministry of Education
Ethiopia Occupational Standard :
Swine Production
Version 2
March 2011
TOP
Occupational Standard: Swine production
Unit of competence
Lead Small Teams
Unit Code
AGR SWP3 16 0311
This unit covers the knowledge, skills and attitudes required to
Unit Descriptor
lead small teams including setting and maintaining team and
individual performance standards.
Element of Competence Performance Criteria
1
Provide team
leadership
1.1. Work requirements are identified and presented to team
members
1.2. Reasons for instructions and requirements are
communicated to team members
1.3. Team members’ query and concerns are recognized,
discussed and dealt with
2
Assign
responsibilities
2.1. Duties and responsibilities are allocated having regard to
the skills, knowledge and aptitude required to properly
undertake the assigned task and according to
organization/company policy
2.2. Duties are allocated having regard to individual preference,
domestic and personal considerations, whenever possible.
3
Set performance
expectations for
team members
3.1. Performance expectations are established based on client
needs and according to assignment requirements.
3.2. Performance expectations are based on individual team
member’s duties and area of responsibility.
3.3. Performance expectations are discussed and disseminated
to individual team members.
4
Supervised team
performance
4.1. Monitoring of performance takes place against defined
performance criteria and/or assignment instructions and
corrective action taken if required
4.2. Team members are provided with feedback, positive
support and advice on strategies to overcome any
deficiencies
4.3. Performance issues which cannot be rectified or
addressed within the team are referenced to appropriate
personnel according to employer policy
4.4. Team members are kept informed of any changes in the
Page 61 of 69
Copyright Information:
Ministry of Education
Ethiopia Occupational Standard :
Swine Production
Version 2
March 2011
priority allocated to assignments or tasks which might
impact on client/customer needs and satisfaction
4.5. Team operations are monitored to ensure that employer/
client needs and requirements are met.
4.6. Follow-up communication is provided on all issues affecting
the team.
4.7. All relevant documentation is completed in accordance with
organization/company procedures
Variable
Range statement
Work requirements
 client profile
 assignment instructions
 planner, technicians, operators, surveyors, construction
formants
Team member’s
concerns
Monitor performance
 formal process
 informal process
Feedback
 formal process
 informal process
Performance issues






work output
work quality
team participation
compliance with workplace protocols
safety
user interest.
Evidence Guide
Critical Aspects of
Competence
Page 62 of 69
A candidate must demonstrate the ability to:
 maintain or improve individuals and/or team performance
given a variety of possible scenario
 assess and monitor team and individual performance against
set criteria
 represent concerns of a team and individual to next level of
management or appropriate specialist and to negotiate on
their behalf
 allocate duties and responsibilities, having regard to
individual’s knowledge, skills and aptitude and the needs of
the tasks to be performed
 set and communicate performance expectations for a range
of tasks and duties within the team and provided feedback to
Copyright Information:
Ministry of Education
Ethiopia Occupational Standard :
Swine Production
Version 2
March 2011
team members
Underpinning Knowledge
and Attitudes
Underpinning Skills
Resources Implication
Assessment Methods
Context of Assessment
Page 63 of 69
Demonstrates knowledge of:
 organization/company policies and procedures
 relevant legal requirements
 how performance expectations are set
 methods of monitoring performance
 client expectations
 team member’s duties and responsibilities
skills include:
 communication skills required for leading teams
 informal performance counseling skills
 team building skills
 negotiating skills
The following resources MUST be provided.
 Access is required to real or appropriately simulated
situations, including work areas, materials and
equipment,
 Documentation and information on workplace practices
and OHS practices.
 specifications and work instructions
 Approved assessment tools
 Certified assessor /Assessor’s panel
Competence may be assessed through:
 Practical assessment by direct observation of tasks
through simulation/Role-plays
 Written exam/test on underpinning knowledge
 questioning or interview on underpinning knowledge
 project-related conditions (real or simulated) and require
evidence of process
 Portfolio Assessment (e.g. Certificate from training
providers or employers)
Assessment methods must confirm the ability to access and
correctly interpret and apply the essential underpinning
knowledge
Competence may be assessed in the work place or in a
simulated work place setting
Copyright Information:
Ministry of Education
Ethiopia Occupational Standard :
Swine Production
Version 2
March 2011
TOP
Occupational Standard: Swine Production
Unit of competence
Improve Business Practice
Unit Code
AGR SWP3 17 0311
Unit Descriptor
This unit covers the skills, knowledge and attitudes required in
promoting, improving and growing business operations.
Element of competence
Performance Criteria
1. Diagnose the
business
1.1 Data required for diagnosis is determined and acquired
1.2 Competitive advantage of the business is determined from
the data
1.3 SWOT analysis of the data is undertaken
2.1 Sources of relevant benchmarking data are identified
2.2 Key indicators for benchmarking are selected in
consultation with key stakeholders
2.3 Like indicators of own practice are compared with
benchmark indicators
2.4 Areas for improvement are identified
2. Benchmark the
business
3. Develop plans to
improve business
performance
3.1 A consolidated list of required improvements is developed
3.2 Cost-benefit ratios for required improvements are
determined
3.3 Work flow changes resulting from proposed improvements
are determined
3.4 Proposed improvements are ranked according to agreed
criteria
3.5 An action plan to implement the top ranked improvements
is developed and agreed
3.6 Organizational structures are checked to ensure they are
suitable
4. Develop marketing
and promotional plans
4.1 The practice vision statement is reviewed
4.2 Practice objectives are developed/reviewed
4.3 Target markets are identified/refined
4.4 Market research data is obtained
4.5 Competitor analysis is obtained
4.6 Market position is developed/reviewed
4.7 Practice brand is developed
4.8 Benefits of practice/practice products/services are
Page 64 of 69
Copyright Information:
Ministry of Education
Ethiopia Occupational Standard :
Swine Production
Version 2
March 2011
identified
4.9 Promotion tools are selected/developed
5. Develop business
growth plans
5.1 Plans to increase yield per existing client are developed
5.2 Plans to add new clients are developed
5.3 Proposed plans are ranked according to agreed criteria
5.4 An action plan to implement the top ranked plans is
developed and agreed
5.5 Practice work practices are reviewed to ensure they support
growth plans
6.1 Implementation plan is developed in consultation with all
relevant stakeholders
6.2 Indicators of success of the plan are agreed
6.3 Implementation is monitored against agreed indicators
6.4 Implementation is adjusted as required
6. Implement and
monitor plans
Variable
Data required includes:
Page 65 of 69
Range statement
 organization capability
 appropriate business structure
 level of client service which can be provided
 internal policies, procedures and practices
 staff levels, capabilities and structure
 market, market definition
 market changes/market segmentation
 market consolidation/fragmentation
 revenue
 level of commercial activity
 expected revenue levels, short and long term
 revenue growth rate
 break even data
 pricing policy
 revenue assumptions
 business environment
 economic conditions
 social factors
 demographic factors
 technological impacts
 political/legislative/regulative impacts
 competitors, competitor pricing and response to pricing
 competitor marketing/branding
 competitor products
Copyright Information:
Ministry of Education
Ethiopia Occupational Standard :
Swine Production
Version 2
March 2011
Competitive advantage
includes:
Objectives should be
'SMART' , that
Market research data
includes:
Competitor analysis
SWOT analysis includes:
Key indicators may
include:
Page 66 of 69
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
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
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
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



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

services/products
fees
location
timeframe
Specific
Measurable
Achievable
Realistic
Time defined
data about existing clients
data about possible new clients
data from internal sources
data from external sources such as:
trade associations/journals
Yellow Pages small business surveys
libraries
Internet
Chamber of Commerce
client surveys
industry reports
secondary market research
primary market research such as:
 telephone surveys
 personal interviews
 mail surveys
competitor offerings
competitor promotion strategies and activities
competitor profile in the market place
internal strengths such as staff capability, recognized
quality
internal weaknesses such as poor morale,
under-capitalization, poor technology
external opportunities such as changing market and
economic conditions
external threats such as industry fee structures, strategic
alliances, competitor marketing
salary cost and staffing
personnel productivity (particularly of principals)
profitability
fee structure
client base
size staff/principal
overhead/overhead control
Copyright Information:
Ministry of Education
Ethiopia Occupational Standard :
Swine Production
Version 2
March 2011
Organizational
structures include:
Market position should
include data on:
Practice brand may
include:
Benefits may include:
Promotion tools include:
Page 67 of 69
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legal structure (partnership, limited liability company, etc.)
organizational structure/hierarchy
reward schemes
product
the good or service provided
product mix
the core product - what is bought
the tangible product - what is perceived
the augmented product - total package of consumer
features/benefits
product differentiation from competitive products
new/changed products
price and pricing strategies (cost plus, supply/demand, ability
to pay, etc.)
pricing objectives (profit, market penetration, etc.)
cost components
market position
distribution strategies
marketing channels
promotion
promotional strategies
target audience
communication
promotion budget
practice image
practice logo/letter head/signage
phone answering protocol
facility decor
slogans
templates for communication/invoicing
style guide
writing style
AIDA (attention, interest, desire, action)
features as perceived by the client
benefits as perceived by the client
networking and referrals
seminars
advertising
press releases
publicity and sponsorship
brochures
newsletters (print and/or electronic)
websites
Copyright Information:
Ministry of Education
Ethiopia Occupational Standard :
Swine Production
Version 2
March 2011
Evidence Guide
Critical Aspects of
Competence
Underpinning Knowledge
and Attitudes
Underpinning Skills
Page 68 of 69
A candidate must be able to demonstrate the ability to:
 identify the key indicators of business performance
 identify the key market data for the business
 explain a wide range of available information sources
 acquire information not readily available within a business
 analyze data and determine areas of improvement
 negotiate required improvements to ensure implementation
 evaluate systems against practice requirements and form
recommendations and/or make recommendations
 assess the accuracy and relevance of information
Demonstrates knowledge of:
 data analysis
 communication skills
 computer skills to manipulate data and present information
 negotiation skills
 problem solving
 planning skills
 marketing principles
 ability to acquire and interpret relevant data
 current product and marketing mix
 use of market intelligence
 development and implementation strategies of promotion
and growth plans
 data analysis and manipulation
 ability to acquire and interpret required data
 current practice systems and structures
 sources of relevant benchmarking data
 methods of selecting relevant key benchmarking indicators
 communication skills
 working and consulting with others when developing plans
for the business
 negotiation skills and problem solving
 using computers to manipulate, present and distribute
information
 planning skills
 direct mail
 telemarketing/cold calling
Copyright Information:
Ministry of Education
Ethiopia Occupational Standard :
Swine Production
Version 2
March 2011
Resources Implication
Methods of Assessment
Context of Assessment
Page 69 of 69
The following resources MUST be provided.
 Access is required to real or appropriately simulated
situations, including work areas, materials and
equipment,
 Documentation and information on workplace practices
and OHS practices.
 specifications and work instructions
 Approved assessment tools
 Certified assessor /Assessor’s panel
Competence may be assessed through:
 Practical assessment by direct observation of tasks
through simulation/Role-plays
 Written exam/test on underpinning knowledge
 questioning or interview on underpinning knowledge
 project-related conditions (real or simulated) and require
evidence of process
 Portfolio Assessment (e.g. Certificate from training
providers or employers)
Assessment methods must confirm the ability to access
and correctly interpret and apply the essential underpinning
knowledge
Competence may be assessed in the work place or in a
simulated work place setting
Copyright Information:
Ministry of Education
Ethiopia Occupational Standard :
Swine Production
Version 2
March 2011
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