Haematopinus suis

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猪血虱
(Haematopinus suis)
主讲 米政实
组员 申翰钦 王德刚 高李泽
08级动物科学类丁颍班
2015/4/13
Haematopinus suis
• Belongs to the suborder Anoplura(虱目)
• The swine louse is the largest louse
affecting domestic animals(家畜) and is
of common occurrence wherever the hog
is found. The pig is its only host, and when
not molested the parasite is likely to
increase in large numbers and cause an
unthrifty condition in a herd.
2015/4/13
1 形态学(Morphology)
Antenna
触角
Legs
足
Claw
抓
Haematopinus has a long
narrow head, long
mouthparts adapted for
sucking blood, and large
claws each on its six legs.
The wide body is grayishbrown with black edges.
This is the only louse of
swine.
2015/4/13
2 生活史(Life cycle)
Adult
About 12 days
Nymph
(若虫)
Egg
(3 to 6 eggs per day)
2015/4/13
Hatch in 1 to
2 weeks
Each Haematopinus suis
female produces up to
90 eggs over 25 to 30
days.
Each egg is about 1-2
mm long and is attached
by clear cement to the
hair.
3 流行病学(Epidemiology)
•
•
•
•
Epidemiology is uncomplicated
Contact infection
Host-specific(宿主专一性)
Cannot live for more than 2-3 days away
from the host.
2015/4/13
4 Pathogenesis and Symptoms
(致病作用和症状)
• The lice live frequently in the folds of skin
on neck and jowl, the inside and base of
ears ,the inside of legs, the flanks , and
the back in smaller numbers, where they
crawl under the scales to get in contact
with the new skin.
2015/4/13
4 Pathogenesis and Symptoms
(致病作用和症状)
• Results in anemia(贫血) in young pigs;
• Affects growth rate and efficiency of food
conversion;
• Vector of swine pox(猪痘)
2015/4/13
5 Diagnosis (诊断)
Scratching(抓痕) and Rubbing(摩擦)
Adult lice on the body
Nymph attached to the lower parts of hairs
2015/4/13
6 Treatment ( 治疗)
• Therapeutic agents may be applied to the
pig in the form of sprays(喷雾),pour-ons
and dusting powders.
• Organochloride 有机氯杀虫剂
• Organophosphorus 有机磷杀虫剂
2015/4/13
7 control
special attention to the ears
treatment of the boars(公猪)
multiple treatment of sows prior to
farrowing
treatment of the whole herd
2015/4/13
参考文献
• 兽医寄生虫学(Veterinary Parasitology)
李国清 主编 中国农业出版社.2006
• Diseases of Swine (9th Edition)
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