AECO 380 - Gender and Diversity in the Workplace Study Guide for Final 1. If your wage used to be $10,000 and you got a raise of $2,000. What is the percentage change in your income? 2. Given the following information: CPI in 1975 = 18 and the CPI in 2002 = 187. If the price of an apple was $0.42 per pound in 1975 and is $1.99 in 2002, was milk (in real terms) more expensive in 2002? Show all your work. 3. Using the information from number 9: Was milk (in nominal terms) more expansive in 2002? 4. Comment on the following statement: If wage gaps become smaller overtime, it can be assumed that women must be making advances within the labor market. 5. As females continue to gain more human capital, can we assume that eventually the wage gap will become zero? 6. What is atrophy? How does it influence what jobs women tend to choose? 7. How can we use intermittency in labor force participation to explain away some of the wage gap that usually is attributed to discrimination? Include in your answer a discussion of the payment for human capital. 8. Draw and explain the earnings-age graph including a decomposition of the wage gap into it’s non-discriminatory parts. Be sure to include as much detail as possible with your diagram. 9. What is societal discrimination? How does it shape actions and ideals? 10. How does human capital differ from physical capital? 11. Describe and discuss the Spence Signaling Model? What types of signals does this model include? 12. Describe and discuss two reasons men and women tend to differ in their investments in human capital and major area of study. 13. What does Title IX of the Educational Amendments to the Civil Rights Act of 1964 prohibit? What does it exclude? When doe it not hold? 14. Compare and contrast what is meant by formal and informal on the job training (OJT). 15. Compare and contrast what is meant by job specific and general on the job training (OJT). 16. What are two ECONOMIC reasons for the wage gap? 17. Discuss three reasons sex segregation in occupations exist. Include in your answer a detailed explanation of “D”. 18. Discuss why Japan tends to have low levels of occupational segregation and large gender wage gaps while Sweden tends to have high levels of occupational segregation and small gender wage gaps. 19. What is vertical segregation? Why is this important to note when talking about gender wage gaps? 20. Give two examples of illegal interview questions. Explain in each case why the question is illegal and give an alternative question that could gather similar information for the firm legally. 21. What is lookism? How is it used in perpetuating discrimination during the interview process? 22. Discuss four characteristics of applicants (excluding appearance) that can lead to discrimination during the interview process. 23. How do recruiter characteristics and situational factors lead to discrimination? 24. Compare and contrast a person with a type A personality and a person with a type B personality. 25. Five theories exist to explain how workplace environments change with an increase in labor force participation rates of females. Name and explain each theory including how the environment changes, attitudes towards members of the majority group, and attitudes of members of the minority group. 26. Two types of relationships exist within the group competition perspective. Draw and describe each relationship. Be sure to include an example of an economic good that would fit the relationship. 27. Discuss the four stages of the “gay process”. 28. Discuss, citing examples, the fours types of homophobia. 29. Describe the protection legislation that was attempted for homosexuals. What states were involved in this legislation? Why did the legislation not pass? 30. Sexual harassment can be defined in three ways: Individual (subjective) perspective, conceptual (behavior) perspective, and legal perspective. Discuss each in as much detail as possible. 31. Three dimensions of what causes sexual harassment include: the sexual arousal explanation, power differences explanation, and integrative explanation. Take each of these and discuss their significance. 32. Three dimensions of conceptual sexual harassment have been identified. These include gender harassment, unwanted sexual attention, and sexual coercion. Discuss each identifying the importance of job and/or sexual aspects connected to the harassment. 33. Discuss in detail the two types of sexual harassment that a person can experience. 34. How can the firm play a role in whether or not sexual harassment is present within their organization. 35. Discuss the attributes courts use to prove whether or not a sexual harassment allegation is true. 36. Discuss job related, psychological, and organizational consequences of sexual harassment. 37. Discuss the five steps that an individual undergo to identify sexual harassment. 38. What are four reasons that romances in the workplace may be increasing? 39. What are the six qualifications of a romantic relationship. What is the importance of each qualification? 40. Firms can respond to romantic relationships in the workplace with no response, punitive action, or positive action. Define each response. Which response would a conservative firm tend to follow? 41. What is the Equal Pay Act of 1963? 42. What are two drawbacks of equal employment opportunity legislation? 43. What does Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1965 seek to do? What and when were the two amendments to this act? 44. What is the difference between disparate treatment and disparate impact? 45. What impact on society has the Equal Pay Act and Title VII had? Explain. 46. How is Affirmative Action defined? What is the government’s role in this policy? 47. In what two ways does Affirmative Action differ from other anti-discrimination policies? 48. What ramifications have been found in connection to Affirmative Action?