Air, Wind, and Sun Lesson #5: Air Temperatures Time Frame: 1 session of 30 minutes Learning Standards: Science Earth and Space Science: Weather 1) Describe the weather changes from day to day and over the seasons. Earth and Space Science: The Sun as a Source of Light and Heat 1) Recognize that the sun supplies heat and light to the earth and is necessary for life. Skills of Inquiry Ask questions about objects, organisms, and events in the environment. Make predictions based on observed patterns. Name and use simple equipment and tools (e.g., rulers, meter sticks, thermometers, hand lenses, and balances) to gather data and extend the senses. Record observations and data with pictures, numbers, or written statements. Discuss observations with others. Student will be able to: 1) Make predictions about air temperature in different locations, make and record temperature measurements, and discuss the results. Anticipatory Set: Draw a picture of the sun on the board and write the word sun next to the picture. Ask the students to brainstorm ideas about the sun and why it is important for living things. Discuss the ideas as a class. Activity: 1) Tell the students that today they will learn about how the temperature of the air changes. Note: This activity requires outdoor temperature measurements in sun and shade and must be conducted on a SUNNY day when students can go outside. Explain that one of the reasons that the sun is important for life on earth is because it produces heat. 2) Break the students up into four groups (or more, depending on how many adults are present). Give each student an air temperature record sheet and explain how to make predictions and record data. 3) In their groups, ask students to make predictions about the air temperature in different locations. Students will also choose which locations to test and then place indoor/outdoor thermometers in different locations in the classroom and outside (make all predictions BEFORE students place the thermometers). Make the temperature measurements and discuss the results. 4) If time permits, allow different groups to share their results and compare and contrast the results of different groups. Closure: Discuss the following ideas and questions with the students: Where was the temperature higher outside, in the sun or in the shade? Why? What would happen to the earth if the sun stopped shining? Why is the sun important for life on earth? Assessment: Participation in class discussions and activities (student worksheet) Resources and Materials: Indoor/outdoor thermometers, air temperatures student worksheet Temperature Extension Activity: Record the temperature on a sunny day and a cloudy day at the same time and location. Discuss the differences in temperature and the differences in the amount of light present. Relate observations to the sun as a source of heat and light.