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Study sheet for final exam in Logic 2014 Cumulative Exam worth 100 points. You will be expected to write at least two sentences each about ten of the following: 1. Sentence 2. Statement 3. Argument 4. Premise 5. Conclusion 6. Induction 7. Deduction 8. Strong 9. Valid 10. Sound 11. Cogent 12. Mention 13. Truth table 14. Disjunction 15. Conditional 16. Antecedent 17. Instantiation 18. Only if 19. If and only if 20. Indirect Proof 21. deMorgan’s rule 22. Distribution 23. Major term 24. Predication 25. Counterexample Be able to list and explicate: - Premise- and conclusion-indicating words -Three kinds of truth-functional statements -Four comparisons between truth-functional statements -Describe or comment on the rules of equivalence -Five rules of categorical syllogisms -Five patterns of inductive reasoning (Be able to give a simple example of each) -Six patterns of deductive reasoning (Be able to give a simple example of each) -Seven patterns of non-arguments (Be able to give a simple example of each) -Eight valid rules of inference for Natural Deduction -Twenty informal fallacies (Be able to give a simple example of each and explain what the fallacy consists of) Be able to do problems: -Identify informal fallacies in passages -Translate from ordinary English to Standard form categorical propositions and syllogisms; analyze using Venn diagrams and rules -Translate from ordinary English to Propositional logic notation; analyze with truth tables and natural deduction proofs, including Indirect and Conditional Proof. -Translate from ordinary English to Predicate Logic notation, and do a proof using UI, EI, UG, EG, and CQ