PhD research for Urbanism website

Olgu Caliskan
Title of research
Pattern Formation in Urban Design: Typomorphology as a tool for design-based planning
Name of promotor
Prof. Dr. Ir. Taeke de Jong
Name(s) of supervisor(s)
Prof. ir. Maurits de Hoog
Research Subject
The lack of coherency and diversity in modern urban developments has always been
emphasized in comparison to the nature of historical urban fabrics. Different from traditional
urban fabrics, which have been evolved through incremental growth processes-; planned
urban areas are developed within a definite time section in accordance to the restricted set
of types of morphological elements and the limits of the design capacity of their planning
system in that time. In this context, the research concentrates on the main morphological
dynamics in planning and design determining the nature of modern urban form. –please see: Research Aims
The research study mainly concentrates on the issue of urban pattern formation in new
peripheral developments. By using the analytical outlook of urban typomorphology, it is
• to provide a comprehensive understanding on the analytical methods and approaches of
urban morphology,
• to figure out the compositional features of planned urban patterns in planned housing
development areas,
• to assess the pattern making capacity of a planning systems in the case of Turkey, the
Netherlands and the UK,
• to clarify the design methodologies used through urban design process in practice while
articulating urban compositions,
• to evaluate the new trends and tendencies in form generation,
• to develop a framework of a design method in order to improve the system to alter
existing set of pattern types for achieving more diversified forms in new urban
Description of Work
The research can be basically defined as a morphology and typology study in the field of
urban and regional design. By integrating these two research areas in urban studies, it can
be called as a kind of typomorphological study based on the classification of planning and
design processes according to morphological characterizations of urban form as the end
product. The research positions itself in the intersection of the domains of analytical and
generative type of researches. As the basic elements of pattern formation are to be captured
by the analytical part of the research, a future projective approach is aimed to be developed
within the generative part of it. Then, the link between typological analysis and design
method would be provided.
In this framework, three spatial planning systems in Turkey, the Netherlands and the UK are
discussed in terms of the codes and conducts producing urban form from the district to
ensemble level of scales. Then, the professional responses of urban designers within these
systems are searched within a study of design methodology. In this respect, nine
settlements from the three countries and fifteen urban design offices are subject to be
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examined within the research project.
Projected publication output
Editorial of the journal of Built Environment with Dr. Stephen Marshall (UCL): Urban
Morphology and Design
Achieved publication output (updateable)
Urban Compactness: A Study of Ankara Urban Form, 2009, VDM Verlag Dr. Muller
Aktiengesellschaft & Co. KGV
Book Chapters:
Pattern Formation in Planned Urban Peripheries: A Typomorphological Approach for
Design, at URBANISM PhD Research 2008-2010 (ed. F. D. van der Hoeven) ,
IOS Press BV: the Netherlands, 2009, pp. 40-63
Conference Proceedings:
Rethinking on the Peripheral Urban Formations in a Semi-Peripheral Country: the
City of Ankara, the Capital of Turkey, the 4th International Seminar on
Urbanism and Urbanization The European Tradition in Urbanism and its
Future, 24-26 September 2007, TU Delft: the Netherlands, pp. 223-231
Urban Gateway: Just a symbol, or more? (Re-appraising an Old Idea in the Case of
Ankara), Journal of Urban Design, forthcoming –being accepted in 14th August
Changing Perspectives on the Planning of Ankara (1924-2007) and Lessons for a
New Master-Planning Approach to Developing Cities, FOOTPRINT Delft School of
Design Journal (5), Autumn 2009, pp. 23-53
and Professional Agenda of Spatial Planning and Design”, (2006)
Journal of Faculty of Architecture, Volume 23, No: 2., pp. 1-20, with Adnan
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