Vocabulary and Grammar Current research has demonstrated the critical role that vocabulary acquisition plays in becoming a skilled L2 reader. Moreover, it has been proven that extensive reading does not ensure adequate vocabulary growth for EAP students, and therefore explicit vocabulary instruction must be a component of all EAP courses. Online vocabulary analysis tools enable the selection of salient vocabulary for academic articles. The explicit teaching of grammatical structures should be undertaken only for those structures which impinge on students’ understanding. Analysis of syntax and the structure of sentences, paragraphs, and texts should also be included whenever such knowledge enhances students’ ability to understand what they are reading. Grammatical and syntactical structures should be examined individually and in context, with the emphasis on understanding rather than on production.