Chemistry Scavenger Hunt Name __________________________ Visit the Chemistry Links page at the Kid Zone to find these sites! Go to: http://sciencespot.net/ and click the Kid Zone graphic! CHEMystery Go to the “Matter” area to find the answers to these questions. 1. Matter is anything occupying _______________ and having ______________; it is the material of the _______________. 2. There are three main phases of matter: _____________, ____________, and _____________. There is also a fourth phase, ______________, but it exists at very high temperatures. Science Is Fun 2 Go to the “ChemTime Clock” area to find the answers to these questions. http://scifun.chem.wisc.edu/ChemTime/ChemTime.html 1. All materials, whether solid, liquid or gas, are made of _______________. Atoms are the smallest _______ of ___________. Scientists have found over _______ different kinds of atoms. The many different materials we encounter are made from _______________________ of these atoms. A material in which all atoms are the same kind is called an ______________. Therefore, there are over ____ different elements. Each element has been assigned a number, called its ___________ _____________. 2. Search for information about each element on the Chem Time Clock. Use the chemical symbol to identify each element. ____ Lightest atom ____ First discovered in the sun ____ Lightest metal ____ Beryl, emeralds, and aquamarine ____ Found in borax ____ Atomic number of 11 ____ Atomic number of 7 ____ Diamond and graphite ____ Major component of air ____ 2nd most abundant element on Earth ____ Used in making toothpaste ____ Atomic number of 3 ____ An element in table salt ____ Glows red-orange with electricity ____ Atomic number of 12 ____ Name from Greek word for sun ____ Used in “mag” wheels ____ Most common atom in universe ____ Atomic number of 9 ____ Found in buckyballs ____ Used in laundry detergents ____ Atomic number of 2 http://www.chem4kids.com/ Go to the “Atoms & Structure” area to find the answers to these questions. 1. Who developed the idea of electron shells, also called orbital shells? _________________ 2. What are the three “pieces” to an atom? ____________ ____________ ____________ Go to the “Atoms & Naming” area to find the answers to these questions. 1. How many chlorine atoms would be in a compound with the name: a. dichloride? _____ b. tetrachloride? _____ c. decachloride? _____ 2. What do you get when you add the following atoms together? a. one carbon and one oxygen? ___________________________ b. one carbon and two oxygen? ___________________________ c. one carbon and four chlorine? ___________________________ Take the atomic structure quiz and record your score _______. Surf the net to find the common names for the following: Acetic acid = ______________________ Sodium bicarbonate = ______________________ Ascorbic acid = ______________________ Sucrose = ______________________ Retinol= ______________________ Sodium chloride = ______________________ Acetylsalicylic acid = ______________________ Sodium hydroxide = ______________________ Thiamine = ______________________ Cobalamin = ______________________ Once you are finished, you may choose any site from the Kid Zone to explore! How did you do? o Great o Fair o Need practice! http://www.chem4kids.com/ Tutorial, Physical Sciences: Overview 1. When does a reaction take place? ___________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ 2. What is a chemical change? ________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ 3. What is a physical change? _________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ 4. What particles can be involved in a chemical reaction? ____________________ ___________________________________________________________________ 5. If you lit a cigarette in a room filled with pure hydrogen gas and pure oxygen gas in a room, what would probably happen? ___________________________________________________________________ Acids and Bases 1. Most liquids are __________ or ________. The only exception is ___________ _____________ which is water with no __________. 2. Ions in solution make something either __________ or ____________. 3. An essential acidic compound found in our bodies is ___________ __________. 4. Many fruits contain _______________ ___________. 5. Baking soda dissolved in water produces a _______________. 6. __________ is a measure of a substances acidic or basic property. 7. The range of the pH scale is ______________. 8. Basic pH measures from just _________ 7 to ________. 9. Acidic pH measures from just _________ 7 to ________. 10. An acid has excess _________ in a solution and will donate these. 11. A base has excess _________ in a solution and will donate these 12. A _____________ _____________ is mainly water. 13. The pH of a strong acid is _________, whereas the pH of a strong acid is _______. 14. The pH of a weak base is _________, whereas the pH of a strong base is _______. 15. A neutral solution has a pH of _____. 16. ________________ is the process by which a substance that is placed in water separates into ions. Take the acids and bases quiz and record your score. _______ TURN YOUR PAPER IN TO YOUR TEACHER BY THE END OF CLASS!