Unit – Plate Tectonics, Volcanoes & Earthquakes

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Unit – Plate Tectonics, Volcanoes & Earthquakes
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Objectives: Plate Tectonics
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Cite the evidence Wegener used in proposing continental drift and why it was rejected.
Describe the Plate Tectonics theory and evidence to support it.
Describe the different types of plate boundaries and the processes that occur there.
Give a location where there is evidence for each type of plate boundary
Describe the relationship between volcanoes, earthquakes and plate tectonics.
Vocabulary:
Continental drift
Mesosphere
trench
Island arc
Sea-floor spreading
convection
divergent/tension
subduction zone
plate tectonics
Rift zone
lithosphere
convergent/compression
Pangaea
Hot spot
asthenosphere
transform
paleomagnetism
Mid-Atlantic Ridge
LOCATIONS to know:
Cascade Mt.s
Andes Mt.s
Yellowstone
Japan
Iceland
Philippines
Hawaii
Red Sea
African Rift Zone
San Andres Fault
Himalayas
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Objectives: Volcanoes
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
List the factors that determine the violence of volcanic eruptions
Diagram and describe the 3 main types of volcanoes.
Describe the materials that are extruded from different types of volcanoes.
Describe the major features produced by volcanic activity.
Locate and describe areas around the world where volcanic activity frequently occurs.
Describe some of the most infamous volcanic eruptions and their effect on man and the
environment.
Vocabulary: Volcanoes
Viscosity
Shield volcano
Pyroclasts
vent
cinder cone
Intraplate volcanism/hot spot
caldera/crater
composite/strato volcano
lahar
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Objectives: Earthquakes
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Describe the cause of earthquakes
Describe the types of seismic waves and their propagation through the earth’s interior.
Use seismic waves to determine the location of an epicenter.
Distinguish between the scales of measurement for earthquakes.
Describe the worldwide distribution of earthquakes.
Vocabulary: Earthquakes
Earthquake
P wave
Richter Scale
focus
S wave
liquefaction
epicenter
L wave
tsunami
fault
seismic wave
moment magnitude scale
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