MSP Review Homework # 5 Due: Friday 12/2/14 Name _________________________________________________ Period _________ Attach this paper to the front of this assignment. When answering each question, remember the following: a. Use complete sentences unless you use an approved outline form. b. Write, print, or type each question followed by the answer. c. Skip one line between a question and the answer and skip two lines between an answer and the next question. d. You may look at a variety of sources for answers but do not copy from other students or plagiarize. e. Neatness counts! f. Label all drawings and tables. Include titles on drawings and tables. g. Include units with numbers throughout the assignment. h. Be thorough and give explanations! Soil, Rocks, and Minerals 1. A dead leaf falls from a tree to the ground. If left undisturbed, what will happen to it? Be sure to include a complete nutrients cycle. 2. What is soil? Describe soil as completely as you can and list two ways it is formed. Be specific and give details. 3. Describe how fossils are formed. 4. Define these terms in relation to minerals and rocks: a. Crystal size b. Crystal arrangement c. Texture d. Luster e. Cleavage f. Hardness g. Layering h. Weathering i. Erosion j. k. l. m. n. Reaction to acid Streak Color Density Fracture 5. Describe the processes involved in the rock cycle. How are each of the rock types (igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic) formed? Explain how one kind of rock could eventually become a different kind of rock. 6. Which rock type is closely related to weathering and erosion? How? 7. Explain why younger layers of sedimentary rocks are usually on top of older layers. What geologic events could have caused huge blocks of horizontal sedimentary layers to be tipped? What geologic events could have caused older rock layers to be on top of younger rock layers? 8. How can studying the number and thickness of rock layers help scientists estimate the age of landforms? 9. How can studying the fossils found within rock layers help scientists estimate the age of landforms?