Terms of References Formulation of Tortoises and Freshwater

Terms of References
Formulation of Tortoises and Freshwater Turtles Conservation Action Plan
1. Introduction
The order Chelonia in Pakistan is represented by eight species of freshwater turtles, and two species of land
tortoises1. Turtles are keystone species and contribute to maintaining the integrity of freshwater ecosystems
given their role as predators and also as food for other predators. These species play a vital ecological role of
scavengers in keeping the waters clean and aquatic habitats healthy. The turtles are facing serious threats to
their survival due to unsustainable development, habitat destruction, water shortage, bycatch and illegal wildlife
trade. The major of all threats is the wildlife trade that has resulted in heavy exploitation of these species from
the wild. About a decade ago, only softshell species of freshwater turtles were on target for illegal trade in the
country but now, along with softshell species, hard shell turtles, and land tortoises are also threatened due to this
illicit business. The increased danger to turtle diversity in Pakistan demands focused conservation initiatives.
There has been lack of focused and targeted approach to address this issue, which is due to the non-availability of
a national level conservation action plan.
2. Duration of the Consultancy
The maximum duration of the study is 1.5 months (from the signing of the contract) starting from March 01 - April
15, 2015.
The consultant will report to the Project Manager, GPAF-CIWC / Senior Programme Manager, WWF-Pakistan.
4. Terms of References for Formulation of Tortoises and Freshwater Turtles Conservation Action Plan
Draft the ‘Conservation Action Plan for Tortoises and Freshwater Turtles of Pakistan’;
The ‘Conservation Action Plan for Tortoises and Freshwater Turtles of Pakistan’ should include the
following chapters:
Chapter 1: Introduction to Tortoises and Freshwater Turtles of Pakistan
This chapter will cover the scientific information available on the presence and distribution of Chelonian
diversity in Pakistan. It will also describe accounts of all species in separate annexure. In addition,
conservation status of these species will also be added (IUCN Redlist, CITES, National status etc.)
Chapter 2: Threats to Survival of Tortoises and Freshwater Turtles of Pakistan
General threats to tortoises and freshwater turtles, turtle trade crisis in Asia, and history of turtle trade in
Pakistan will constitute this chapter. This should also include field examples, previous studies, research
reports, surveys and publications
Chapter 3: Conservation Efforts
Conservation status of chelonian species in Pakistan, legislations such as wildlife acts, wildlife trade
control act, conservation projects and confiscation records will be covered in this chapter. This should
include the efforts of Departments, WWF-Pakistan, ZSD, Custom Authorities, Coastal Guards, etc etc
Chapter 4: Action Plan for 5 years (2016 – 2021)
This chapter will include a detailed conservation action plan based on the recommendations from
consultative workshop; financial strategy for next five years, identification of potential conservation
organisations for implementation of the conservation action plan; and identification of international
Five species of marine turtles also visit coastal waters of the country that will not be covered in this action plan.
Conduct a national level consultative workshop in order to get the feedback from the provinces and the
federal government;
Consult the IUCN/SSC Tortoises and Freshwater Turtles Specialist Group for the review of the drafted
action plan.
5. Deliverables
A Conservation Action Plan of Tortoises and Freshwater Turtles of Pakistan will be available.