Worksheet on Goal #9 COMPETENCY GOAL 9: Prosperity and Depression (1919-1939) - The learner will appraise the economic, social, and political changes of the decades of "The Twenties" and "The Thirties." Objectives 9.01 Elaborate on the cycle of economic boom and bust in the 1920's and 1930's. 9.02 Analyze the extent of prosperity for different segments of society during this period. 9.03 Analyze the significance of social, intellectual, and technological changes of lifestyles in the United States. 9.04 Describe challenges to traditional practices in religion, race, and gender. 9.05 Assess the impact of New Deal reforms in enlarging the role of the federal government in American life. How did fear of change manifest itself in the political and social events of the 1920s? 1920s Events -was the movement after the Communists came to power in Russia. It was an unreasonable fear of Communists and Communism. - were government actions against suspected radicals in the 1920s. The suspects were arrested and then deported. They were led by Attorney General, Mitchell Palmer. Innocent Americans were arrested. -is an example of the violation of legal rights. The police would not let them talk to a lawyer until after 24 hours. Three Economic Conditions that existed after World War I: 1. United Miner Workers Strike Steel workers strike, 1919-20 Boston Police strike 2. 3. __________________________ an example the conflict between fundamentalist and modern beliefs. This was a trial over whether or not _____________ could be taught in school. After this trial the number of __________________ decreased. The 18th amendment made the consumption, production and sale of alcohol illegal. This was known as _______________. Three results of Prohibition were ____________________________________________________________________ _________________________-was a cultural movement of the 1920s that was created by African American musicians, writers and actors. Example) Duke Ellington was a musician; ________________________________ and Claude McCay were writers. ____________________ was a black leader who encouraged African Americans to return to Africa. He also founded the United Negro Improvement Association to promote black pride and unity. _______________________ also had to deal with being the first ones to lose their jobs, even though they were just as qualified as their white counterparts. Three situations that affected African Americans in the 1920’s: 1. ____________________________ 2. ___________________________________ 3. Harlem Renaissance The Ohio Gang was responsible for the ___________________________. This happened when Harding’s Secretary of the Interior, Albert B. Fall, secretly allowed private interests to lease lands containing __________________________________ _________________________________________________. _______________ grew because of Nativism. One group the KKK did not go after was the__________________. During the time of prohibition, the___________ were very active in getting alcohol banned. One of the strongest supporters of the women’s movement was Woodrow Wilson. He helped the ____________ amendment pass which dealt with women’s suffrage. Some people thought this was going to hurt the family. __________________ was a symbol of the growing popularity of spectator sports _________________________ was an instant hero after his solo transatlantic flight. _____________________ best represented the prosperity of the 1920’s. _____________________ also had a large impact on Americans in the 1920’s. How do wartime economies affect postwar economics? ______________________________ was a time of freedom, fun, and people having a great outlook on life. During this time, young women were often called _______________________. This is one of the most popular images of the ____________________ The Coal Miners went on strike in 1919 over working conditions and pay. Their leader was _____________________. Three problems faced by farmers in the 1920’s: a. __________________ b. _________________________ c. ___________________________ Three features of American business during the 1920’s: a. Supermarkets b. ____________________________ c. _____________________________ Explaining the causes of the Great Depression, its impact on the American people, and the ways the New Deal addressed it. The Crash _______________________ is the nickname for October 29, 1929; the day the stock market crashed. What were the causes of the Great Depression? Causes of the Great Depression: Over speculation on stocks using borrowed money that could not be repaid when the stock market crashed in 1929 and stock prices collapsed. _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ High protective tariffs that produced retaliatory tariffs in other countries, strangling world trade (_____________________________) _________________________________________ ________________________________________ _________________________________________ ________________________________________ Impact of the Great Depression: Unemployment and homelessness – _____________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ Collapse of financial system (_________________) Political unrest (growing militancy of labor unions) __________________________________________ Were federal government economic policies helpful or harmful in the late 1920s? Economic philosophies and policies President Hoover did not believe in ___________________________ . __________________________ is the belief that an individual should be able to get help on his or her own and that the government should not regulate business (Laissez faire). President Hoover did help out ________________________________. Andrew Mellon _______________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________v The student will analyze and explain the Great Depression, with emphasis on the impact of the Depression on the American people. How did the depression affect the lives of Americans? How did the New Deal attempt to address the causes and effects of the Great Depression? Homeless Americans __________________________- was a collection of make shift shelters built out of packing boxes, scrap lumber and other thrown away items. ___________________- is a person who wanders from town to town, often riding free on trains. _______________________ -was when a person had their pant’s pockets turn inside out because the had no money. ________________________ -were newspapers that people used to keep warm with at night. _______________________ destroyed crops in the early 1930’s to protest low farm prices. _____________________ was caused by soil erosion, over-intensive farming and the drought of the Great Plains. Veterans __________________________ -was soldiers who marched in Washington and were unhappy with things. In 1932, they were forced out of Washington DC by Douglas McArthur and the US Army. New Deal (Franklin Roosevelt) Roosevelt rallied a frightened nation in which one in four workers were unemployed. (“ .”) FDR called for a ____________________ to stop bank closures and restore public confidence. Relief measures provided direct payments to people for immediate help (Works Progress Administration—WPA). Recovery programs were designed to bring the nation out of depression over time (Agricultural Adjustment Administration –AAA. Reform measures corrected unsound banking and investment practices (Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation – FDIC). __________________________________. It was a new deal program created to give payments to the elderly, disabled and retired. How did the weaknesses in key sectors of the US economy contribute to the Great Depression? How did Franklin Roosevelt respond to the Great Depression? Policies of Franklin Roosevelt’s Administration Farm Relief and rural development ______________________________. Paid farm subsidies to reduce production and kill animals along with plowing under crops. Tennessee Valley Authority- _______. It provided cheap electricity , recreational areas, and_________________________. Business assistance and reform _______________________(_______)- made sure money was safe in the banks by insuring deposits up to $5000. Employment projects _________________________________________(______) employed people to do public work, also construction of school and libraries. _____________________________________________________) was aid to young men between the ages of 18 and 25. They had to send money home to their families. This was an attempt to protect our resources. Three Parts of the New Deal 1. Set a Minimum Wage 2. Help set up Social Security 3. ____________________________________ President Roosevelt had weekly radio addressed call _________________ to help keep the nation in touch with his plans. Critics of the New Deal 1. liberals who didn’t think the New Deal went far enough: a. _________________________________ b. _________________________ c. Frances Townshed 2. Conservatives who thought the New Deal went too far: a. Thomas Dewey b. Herbert Hoover The Supreme Court overturned several New Deal programs saying that they exceeded the power of the federal government. President Roosevelt tried to “____________________________” by adding members to the Supreme Court, but _______________________ will not go along with him. President Roosevelt could not run and win four terms in office because the country passed a constitutional amendment limiting the president to _______________________.