Diffusion Laboratory PSI Biology Name____________________________________ Problem What materials diffuse across a cell membrane? Materials Each student needs: apron, gloves, and goggles Each group needs: 1 clear cup 1 plastic funnel 15 cm Soaked dialysis tubing 15 ml 15% Glucose/1% Starch solution in a medicine cup 1 plastic pipet 2 Glucose test strips 2 10 cm pieces of string Distilled Water 30 ml Starch indicator solution (IKI) Time Requirements: Pre-lab prep (For teachers): approx. 30min Lab activity: 45 min. Procedure 1. Fill the plastic cup to within 2 cm of the top with distilled water. 2. Dip a glucose test strip into the water in the cup for 1-2 seconds. Wait about 2-3 minutes and observe any color change on the test strip. A greenish color on the test strip indicates a positive test (glucose is present). No color change indicates a negative test (no glucose is present). Record your results in Table 1. 3. Caution: IKI is an irritant that affects the skin and eyes. Avoid any contact with skin. Make sure you are wearing proper safety equipment such as goggles, aprons, and gloves. Add 20-25 drops of IKI solution to the water in the plastic cup by using a plastic pipet. Observe the color of the solution and record the color of the water in Table 1. 4. Take a piece of dialysis tubing that has been soaking in water. Rub it in between your fingers to open it. Using a piece of string, tie off one end of the tubing. Make sure to tie it tightly. 5. Using the funnel, pour 15 ml of the 15% glucose/1% Starch solution into the open end of the dialysis tubing. Try to squeeze out any air bubbles and tie the open end of the tubing with another piece of string. Observe the color of the glucose-starch solution in the dialysis tubing and record this in Table 1. Rinse the outside of the bag under running water. 6. Completely submerge the dialysis tube into the cup of water with the IKI solution and let it stay undisturbed for 30 minutes. 7. After 30 minutes, use another glucose test strip to test the water in the cup for glucose. (See step 2). Note any color changes in the dialysis tubing and/or in the cup and record this in Table 1. The presence of starch is indicated by a blue-black color. Data Table 1 Color Initial Glucose Test (+/-) Solutes Present Color Final Glucose Test (+/-) Solutes Present Water in Cup Solution in Tubing Analysis 1. What is the definition of simple diffusion? Give an example of diffusion occurring in this lab. 2. What two characteristics of certain substance would prevent them from diffusing across a semipermeable membrane? 3. What served as a semipermeable membrane in this experiment? 4. Which molecules passed through the membrane? How do you know? 5. Which molecules did not pass through the membrane? How do you know? Teacher notes: Pre-Lab Prep: 1. Cut enough 15cm lengths of dialysis tubing to accommodate all lab groups. 2. Cut enough10cm lengths of string to accommodate all lab groups. 3. Prepare a 15% glucose/1% starch solution. If you are using a lab kit, the materials will be given to you. 4. Just before the lab, put the cut dialysis tubes into a cup of water.