Anthropology 205: Biological Anthropology Dr. Kathryn Keith COURSE DESCRIPTION Anthropology is the study of humankind around the world and through time. Physical or Biological anthropologists study the biological evolution of humans as a species, as well as the biological variation among human beings today. They are particularly interested in how biological, cultural, and environmental factors interact to shape human characteristics. Physical anthropologists may study ancient fossils of humans and their ancestors, modern human populations, or non-human primates (especially chimpanzees). Among many specializations within Physical Anthropology are: palaeoanthropology (the study of ancient humans and human ancestors), primatology (the study of living nonhuman primates), and forensic anthropology (the study of human remains as part of criminal investigations). OUTCOMES Anthropology 205 is an introduction to the broad field of Biological Anthropology. The core of Biologiical Anthropology is the study of human biological evolution. In this course, you will be expected to understand and be able to explain how biologists and anthropologists approach the issue. During the term, you will be introduced to concepts in several of the specialized areas within biological anthropology: * We begin with genetics as we look at the mechanisms that contribute to biological variation (past and present). Some issues you’ll address include: - Lamarkian vs. Darwinian concepts related to biological evolution - processes that contribute to biological variation in populations - current understandings of microevolution and macroevolution * We then move to primatology, as we compare and contrast the physical and behavioral characteristics of humans and nonhuman primates. You'll learn about: - common primate traits - distinctions among different kinds of primates - primate intelligence, communication, and social life * In the next section, we study palaeoanthropology as we learn about early hominids and human biological evolution. Issues you’ll address include: - evidence for the earliest hominids - human ancestors: what they were like, how they lived, how we know - the development of human intelligence, language, and culture - diaspora: when did humans first occupy different areas of the world? * Finally, we look at human biological variation, human ecology, and even a little taste of forensic anthropology as we consider the various biological, cultural, and environmental factors that shape human biological variation today. You'll learn about: - race as a social construct, not a biological reality - how we understand biological variation among humans today - what we can learn about people from their skeletal remains COURSE MATERIALS There is one required text for this course: Essentials of Physical Anthropology, 7th edition (Jurmain, Kilgore, and Trevathan). We will also be using several pages from The Human Evolution Coloring Book (Zihlman). These are required, but you have the option of buying the book or making copies of just the required pages (both the coloring plate and the information page that goes with it). A copy of the book is available on reserve in the library. Plan to bring your text and coloring book materials to class regularly. Colored pencils will be provided for in-class work with Zihlman. GRADING POLICIES AND STANDARDS Your grade in this course will be based on the following components: Participation, assignments: 25% Weekly quizzes: 25% Exam #1: 25% Exam #2: 25% COURSE GRADE: 100% Calculating your grade: Not all points are weighted equally, so simply dividing your points by the total possible points will NOT give you an accurate idea of your grade. See the document on our website for instructions on how to calculate your grade. Angel's overall grade (on your grade sheet) is a rough approximation of your grade at any given time. Incompletes or NC grades: These options are only available under specific (and relatively unusual) circumstances. For example, if you completed nearly all the coursework, but were hospitalized the last week of the term and unable to complete the last assignment or exam, a grade of Incomplete might be an option for you. If your job transferred you out of state after the deadline to withdraw had passed, an NC grade might be an option for you. In general, however, you should expect to receive the grade you have earned based on your work in the course. NOTE: * No late assignments will be accepted, without previous arrangement. * No emailed assignments will be accepted, without previous arrangement * Missed exams or assignments cannot be made up. * No makeup exams are given without previous arrangement and permission of the instructor. * Extra credit is not generally available for this course. If you can't come to class the day an assignment is due, you can turn it in early, have someone else bring it in for you (to class or to my office), or email it to another student in the class and have them print it out and turn it in for you (do not email it to me; I do not accept emailed assignments). If you are having printer problems at home, email your assignment to yourself (pasted into the body of your email, NOT as an attachment) and print it out on campus. This might be a good strategy to use in general, just in case… Your final course grade will be recorded based on the 4-point decimal grading system used at Pierce College. The table below shows how the decimal grades relate to letter grades: 4.0-3.9 = A 3.8-3.5 = A- 3.4-3.2 = B+ 2.4-2.2 =C+ 3.1-2.9 = B 2.1-1.9 = C 2.8-2.5 = B1.8-1.5 = CAnything below 0.7 (D-) is a failing grade. 1.4-1.2 = D+ 1.1-0.9 = D 0.8-0.7 = D- Standard percentage equivalents are: Grades in the 90s = A+ to AGrades in the 80s = B+ to BGrades in the 70s = C+ to CGrades in the 60s = D+ to DGrades of 59% or below are failing. Expectations for adequate (C) work include: completing coursework on time and doing an adequate job on it. To get an A or B in the course, your work must be of correspondingly higher quality. For more information on grading standards and expectations, see the Grading Standards document. COURSE REQUIREMENTS - SUMMARY This is a brief overview of the course requirements. For your success in the course, it is vital that you carefully read the detailed instructions explained in the Course Requirements document. EXAMS: There will be two exams during the term, each worth 25% of your grade. NOTE THE FOLLOWING DATES ON YOUR CALENDAR. You must be present in class for each exam on the day and time it is scheduled; makeup exams are ONLY offered in case of medical or other emergency, and then both documentation and instructor permission are required. If you have such an emergency that prevents you from coming to the scheduled exam, you must email me as soon as possible that day with an explanation. * Exam #1: TUESDAY 10/27, in class. It covers Part One and Part Two. * Exam #2: THURSDAY 12/10 from 10am - 12pm. NOTE THE TIME - if you come late, you will not be allowed to take the exam if anyone has already completed it and left the room. This exam covers Part Three and Part Four. QUIZZES: There will be an online quiz over the readings every week. The first quiz is due by 5:00pm Friday 9/25; the second quiz is due by 10am the following Tuesday. The week of our midterm exam, the quiz will be due Thursday. The rest of the quizzes this term are due by class time (10:00 am) Tuesdays. See the course calendar for specific readings and due dates. In addition to the regular quizzes, there will be a comprehensive 50-question optional quiz available the end of the term. If you choose to take the optional quiz, your lowest quiz grade of the term will be dropped. Your quiz average is 25% of your grade. ASSIGNMENTS: There are 5 scheduled assignments for the term, worth a total of 250 points. Instructions will be given in class and posted on our website. * Practice essay: 15 points - due Monday 10/12 * Primate assignment: 100 points - due Monday 11/2 * Hominid dating game: 100 points - due Friday 11/20 * Adaptations assignment: 15 points - due Friday 12/4 (the assignment will be distributed and completed in class; it is not homework) * Article assignment: 20 points - due Tuesday 12/8 In addition, some short in-class and take-home assignments may be collected during the term for 5-10 points each. Late assignments are not accepted; missed in-class assignments cannot be made up. Assignments and participation, taken together, are 25% of your grade. PARTICIPATION: Each class day is worth either 5 or 0 points; partial credit is not available. To earn the points, you must be present, prepared, focused, and engaged during the entire 50 minutes. You will earn ZERO points that day if you: * miss any part of the class * distract yourself or others (talking, reading, sleeping) * are unprepared (you don't have your text or other materials with you) * have "toys" (cellphones, laptops, mp3 players) out in your hands, on the table, etc. CORE ABILITIES Pierce College has identified five core abilities: * Critical Thinking * Multiculturalism * Information Competency * Responsibility * Effective Communication Responsibility, Information Competency, and Effective Communication are important for your success in any class. You’ll be building on those abilities in part through the choices you make regarding class attendance, completion of assignments, and independent study. You’ll work on communication skills in class discussions and writing assignments, and on information competency as you find, evaluate, organize, and explain new vocabulary, information, and ideas. The core abilities that we will be focusing on most directly are Critical Thinking and Multiculturalism. In this course, you’ll be learning about lifeways vastly different from our own. You'll be asked to adopt a multicultural, relativist perspective as you learn about other cultures and diverse ways of being. Much of what you will be asked to do in this class - on assignments, discussions, and activities – involves critical thinking. You’ll be expected to identify, explain, analyze, and evaluate anthropological evidence. You'll be asked to apply concepts as you analyze patterns in order to explain variation. To do this effectively, you'll need to master fundamental vocabulary and information. Some of your independent study time each week should be devoted to this task. BIOLOGICAL ANTHROPOLOGY: SCHEDULE OF TOPICS AND READNGS (CH = Chapter number in Jurmain et al.; HECB = Zihlman) Links for the first three chapters of Jurmain et al. are available in the ASSIGNMENTS folder on our website, but you’ll need your own text starting with Chapter 4. Quizzes cover the readings from Jurmain each week (listed below). The first quiz is due by 5:00 pm Friday 9/25; most of the other quizzes are due online by class time (10 am) on TUESDAYS. For each unit below, you'll also see a list of required and recommended pages from The Human Evolution Coloring Book (Zihlman), which is on reserve in the library: * The required pages are ones we do in class. They are not covered on the quizzes, but information from them will be covered on exams. If you choose not to purchase the book, you should go to the library and copy the required pages (both the information page and the coloring plate) and bring them with you to class each day of that particular unit. You must have a blank coloring plate for our class work. If you buy a used coloring book, be sure you make a clean copy (using the one in the library) of any required plates that someone has already colored. * The recommended pages relate to issues we deal with in class. If you find the coloring book works well for your learning process, or if you just want another way to reinforce what we've been working on, these pages would be useful to do on your own or with a study group. However, they are not required. Please read the Course Requirements document carefully so that you receive full credit for your work. PART ONE: HEREDITY AND EVOLUTION HECB: Have the required pages with you each day starting Monday 9/28. * Required: Unit 1: #15, 22 Unit 2: #7, 8, 12 Unit 6: #7, 13, 14 * Recommended: Unit 1: #10-14, 16-19; Unit 2: #1-5, 9-11, 13, 14 9/23-25: Studying physical anthropology ** Quiz 1: CH 1 & 2, & all documents on the Course Information page of our website due by 5:00 pm Friday 9/25 9/28-10/2: Genetics & Heredity ** Quiz 2: CH 3 & pp. 56-67 of CH 4 due class time (10:00 am) TUE 9/29 10/5-9: Variation & Evolution ** Quiz 3: pp.67-76 of CH 4, CH 5, & p. 346 due class time TUE PART TWO: PRIMATES HECB:* Required: Unit 3: #1, 6, 11, 15, 16, 18, 29, 32, & 34 Unit 4: #8, 9, 18, 20, 25, 26, & 35 Unit 5: #14 * Recommended: Unit 3: 2, 4, 5, 8, 9, 12-14, 17, 19-23, 27-28, 33, & 35 Unit 4: 4, 12, 19, 25, 26, 30, 36 10/12-16: Primates ** Practice Essay: due class time MON ** Quiz 4: CH 6 due class time TUE 10/19-23: Primate Behavior ** Quiz 5: CH 7 due class time TUE PART THREE: HOMINID EVOLUTION HECB:* Required: Unit 5: 3, 4, 12, 13, 15, 18-20, & 28 * Recommended: Unit 5: 1, 2, 5-8, 10, 11, 14, 16, 17, 23, 25-27, 29 10/26-30: Early Hominids ** INSERVICE FRIDAY 10/30 - NO CLASSES ** EXAM 1: in class TUESDAY 10/27; it covers Part One & Part Two. You must take the exam at the scheduled day and time. ** Quiz 6: CH 8 due class time THURSDAY 10/29 11/2-6: Homo erectus and contemporaries advisor ** ** Primate Assignment: due MON ** Quiz 7: CH 9 due class time TUE ** Make an appointment with your faculty 11/9-13: Premodern Humans ** HOLIDAY WED 11/11 – NO CLASSES ** ** Quiz 8: CH 10 due class time TUE 11/16-20: Premodern and Modern Humans ** Quiz 9: CH 11 due class time TUE ** Hominid Dating Game: due FRI PART FOUR: CONTEMPORARY HUMAN EVOLUTION HECB:* Required: Unit 6: #4-7, 9-14 * Recommended: Unit 6: 3, 8, 15 11/23-27: Patterns of Adaptation ** HOLIDAY WED 11/24 to FRI 11/27 – NO CLASSES ** ** Quiz 10: CH 12 due class time TUE 11/30-12/4: The Human Life Course ** Quiz 11: CH 13 and Appendix D (pp.349-353) due class time TUE ** Adaptation Assignment due FRI (in class; not homework) 12/7-11: The Impact of Culture ** LAST DAY OF CLASSES 12/8; FINALS 12/9-11 ** ** Quiz 12: CH 14 due class time TUE. This chapter will not be covered on your final exam. ** Article Assignment due TUE ** EXAM #2: THURSDAY 12/10 from 10am - 12pm. The exam covers Part Three and Part Four. You must take the exam at the scheduled day and time. ** Optional Quiz: Due by noon FRIDAY 12/11. Did you mess up on a quiz sometime during the term? You can make up for it with the Optional Quiz. It is 50 questions long and covers the entire text. Just like the other quizzes, it is open book and you can take it as many times as you wish. If you take the optional quiz, your lowest quiz score of the term will be dropped.