Chapter 19-22

Chapter 19-22
Study Guide
Chapter 19
Functions of blood
Parts of blood- Fig. 19.1 p. 653
Percentage and examples of components as discussed in lecture
Physical characteristics of blood
Blood collection-clinical topic p. 654
Plasma proteins-examples
Site of synthesis
Plasma expanders-clinical topic p. 655
Hemopoiesis-Fig. 19.12 p. 671
Structure, fetal Hb, anemia (abnormal Hb-box p. 658), recycling-Fig.19.5, p. 661, biliverdin,
bilirubin, jaundice
Erythropoiesis- EPO, Fig. 19.6 p.661
Blood types- agglutinogens, agglutinins, agglutination Fig. 19.8
Rh incompatibility- HDN, erythroblastosis fetalis p. 665-666
WBCs- granulocytes: eosinophils, neutrophils, basophils
Agranulocytes: monocytes, lymphocytes
Characteristics and functions
Differential count-leukopenia, leukocytosis, leukemia
Production of- CSFs
Function and production
Table 19.3 p. 670
Vascular and platelet Fig. 19.13 p.673
Coagulation Fig. 19.14 p.674
Extrinsic and intrinsic
Feedback control
Clot retraction
Abnormal hemostasis clinical topic p. 676
Vocabulary p. 650-651
Chapter 20
Pulmonary circuit
Systemic cirucuit
Parts of the heart
Chambers-type of blood (oxygenated vs. deoxygenated) Fig. 20.3 p. 686
Heart wall-layers and tissues Fig. 20.4 p. 687
Cardiac muscle cells-intercalated discs
Comparison to skeletal muscle-Table 20.1 p. 690
Flow of blood thru heart-Fig. 20.6 and lab notes
Differences between right and left ventricles
Coronary circulation
CAD-page 695-696
Cardiac physiology fig. 20.11 p. 697
Contractile cells-function
Conducting system-function Fig. 20.12 p. 698
Nodal systems-parts and pathway of impulse Fig. 20.13 p.699
PQRST pattern and what is shows Fig 20.14 p. 701
Heart attacks-clinical topic p. 704
Cardiac cycle Fig. 20.16 p. 705
Events that occur
Pressure and volume changes Fig. 20.17 p. 706
Heart sounds – 4
Mitral valve prolapse clinical topic p. 708
Definitions: EDV, ESV, SV, CO
Preload vs. afterload
Nervous and hormonal influence on heart rate Fig. 20.21 p. 711
Exercise influence on CO
Drugs, ions concentrations and temperature influence on CO- p. 716 clinical topic
Terms- p. 687-688
Chapter 21
Structure of vessel walls Fig. 21.1
Aneurysms clinical topic p. 726
Capillaries-continuous, fenestrated, capillary beds Fig. 21.4, Fig. 21.5
Arteriosclerosis –clinical topic p. 725-726
Veins and venules
Valves –Fig. 21.6 p. 729
Distribution of blood fig. 21.7
Cardiovascular physiology overview, fig. 21.8 p. 731
Circulatory pressures and terms, resistance, viscosity, turbulence
Table 21.1, Fig. 21.9
Arterial BP- Fig. 21.10 p.734
Hyper vs. hypotension- clinical topic p. 735
Blood pressure reading p.736
Capillary exchange, diffusion, filtration, resorption-Fig. 21.12, Fig. 21.13
Edema- causes – clinical topic p. 739
Venous pressure and return
Respiratory pump
Nervous and hormonal influence on blood pressure and volume-Fig. 21.14 p. 741
Vasodilation & vasoconstriction
Cardiovascular centers
Baro and chemoreceptors
ADH, Angiotensin II, EPO, ANP
Exercise and CVS-Table 21.2 & 21.3
CVS response to blood lose Fig. 21.18 p. 748
Circulatory shock- p. 749-50
Special circulations
Fig. 21.20 Overview of pulmonary and systemic circulation
Fig. 21.21-21.34
Fetal circulation Fig. 21.35 p. 769
Foramen ovale
Ductus arteriosus
Congenital cardiovascular problems- clinical topic p. 770
Aging and the CVS
Terminology – p.771
Chapter 22
Parts of lymphatic system Fig. 22.1 p. 780
Role of lymphocytes
Types of lymphocytes Fig. 22.5 p. 785
3 main functions of lymphatic system
types of vessels- Fig. 22.2
valves- Fig. 22.3
collecting vessels fig. 22.4 p. 784
types of tissues- MALT, tonsils
types of nodes (examples)
types of organs- thymus, spleen
lymphadema-clinical topic p. 784
lymphomas and lymphadenopathy-p. 788
Nonspecific vs. specific defense mechanisms
Nonspecific-fig. 22.10 p. 792
Function of inflammation-fig. 22.13 p. 796
Necrosis- clinical topic p. 797
Specific- fig. 22.14 p. 799
Summary of immune response- Fig. 22.15 p. 800, Fig. 22.23 p. 811
Table 22.2 p. 812 cells that participate in tissue defenses
Immune disorders- examples
Autoimmune disease
Immunodeficiency disease, Allergies, Anaphylaxis
Clinical topic p. 805 graft rejection
Stress and the immune response p. 817
Aging and the immune response
Terminology p. 793