Terms of Reference

Terms of Reference/SSA
1 November – 20 December, 2012
1. Summary
UNICEF is seeking to carry out a desk review in order to assess the extent to which the IASC’s
Commitments for Accountability to Affected Populations are reflected in UNICEF’s governance and
management systems.
Duration: 30 days of work delivered over a 7 week period: 1 November 2012 – 20 December, 2012.
2. Rationale
The UN defines accountability as “the obligation on the part of public officials to report on the usage
of public resources and answerability for failing to meet stated performance objectives”1. In April
2011, the Inter Agency Standing Committee (IASC) Principals agreed that communication with and
inclusion of crisis-affected populations in providing humanitarian assistance are integral parts of
achieving accountability to affected populations. The IASC Principals endorsed five Commitments
for Accountability to Affected Populations (see below) and agreed to incorporate these into the
policies and operational guidelines of their respective organizations. They also agreed to promote
these Commitments with operational partners, within Humanitarian Country Teams and amongst
humanitarian Cluster members, and to develop plans to put these commitments into practice.
In light of these broader commitments, UNICEF is seeking to conduct a desk review to assess the
extent to which the IASC Commitments for Accountability to Affected Populations are taken into
account within the organization’s governance and management systems. The results of the desk
review will be used to inform a UNICEF-wide action plan to strengthen accountability to affected
populations within the organization.
3. Objectives
The specific objectives of the consultancy are to:
1. Carry out a desk review with a focus on identifying ways that accountability to affected
populations is taken into account in UNICEF governance and management systems,
organisational policies, operational guidelines, systems, procedures, decision-making
processes, tools and resources.
2. Make recommendations as to where, within the current governance and management
systems of UNICEF, the organization can strengthen accountability to affected populations
(AAP). These recommendations should be defined with a view to informing a future
organization-wide AAP action plan.
3. Based on the results of the desk review, identify a strategy and methodology for a further
organization-wide assessment of the extent to which AAP commitments are implemented at
the field level through UNICEF’s Humanitarian Programmes.
“Integrity, Transparency and Accountability in Public Administration: Recent Trends, Regional and International Developments and
Emerging Issues” Elia Armstrong. August 2005. UN. http://unpan1.un.org/intradoc/groups/public/documents/un/unpan020955.pdf
The assessment will be carried out against the five commitments identified by the IASC with detailed
indicators outlined for each. These include:
1. Leadership/governance: ensuring feedback and accountability mechanisms are integrated
into country strategies, programme proposals, monitoring and evaluations, recruitment,
staff inductions, trainings and performance management, partnership agreements, and
highlighted in reporting.
2. Transparency / Information sharing: providing accessible and timely information to
affected populations on organizational procedures, structures and processes that affect
them to ensure that they can make informed decisions and choices, and facilitate a dialogue
between an organization and its affected populations over information provision.
3. Feedback and Complaints: Actively seeking the views of affected populations to improve
policy and practice in programming, ensuring that feedback and complaints mechanisms are
streamlined, appropriate and robust enough to deal with (communicate, receive, process,
respond to and learn from) complaints about breaches in policy and stakeholder
4. Participation: Enabling affected populations to play an active role in the decision-making
processes that affect them through the establishment of clear guidelines and practices to
engage them appropriately and ensure that the most marginalized and affected are
represented and have influence.
5. Design, monitoring and evaluation: Designing, monitoring and evaluating the goals and
objectives of programmes with the involvement of affected populations, feeding learning
back into the organisation on an on-going basis and reporting on the results of the process.
The organisation learns from experience to continually improve its performance
The consultant will be expected to adapt the CAAP Analysis and Self-Assessment Tool developed by
the IASC sub-working group on AAP to use as a basis for the review,2 with detailed questions to be
explored in the assessment developed in consultation with UNICEF.
4. Methodology
The methodology for the assessment will include a desk review of relevant IASC documents as well
as a UNICEF organization-wide assessment of key documents at HQ, regional and country office
levels working to support programmes in humanitarian and/or fragile settings.
The consultant will have access to UNICEF’s intranet and materials for the synthesis. Periodic
progress updates will be provided by the consultant to UNICEF. The consultant will benefit from
some preliminary materials to be provided by UNICEF including background materials, the draft
CAAP Analysis and Self-Assessment Tool and list of key informants.
A Steering Group, comprised of focal points representing different departments and sections within
UNICEF, will be established to provide oversight to the desk review, and to help identify relevant
documents and focal points, as well as review the recommendations of the review.
5. Deliverables
1. A draft work plan outlining timeline, refined CAAP Analysis Self-Assessment Tool, list of
key resources and contact persons, and refinement of assessment questions (week 1);
CAAP Analysis and Self-Assessment Tool, FAO V3:15/05/12
2. A draft inception report outlining results of the desk review and preliminary list of
recommendations (week 4 - 5);
3. A final assessment report with detailed recommendations for strengthening AAP within
governance and management systems, as well as a detailed methodology for carrying a
review of field based implementation (week 7).
6. Timeline.
30 days of full time work carried out over a 7 week period. Final report will be due 20 December
7. Supervision.
The consultant will be supervised on a daily basis by the Policy Specialist, Humanitarian Policy
Section, EMOPS, and the project will be overseen by the Chief of the Humanitarian Policy Section,
8. Duty Station
The consultant will work out of UNICEF NYC.
9. Qualifications or specialized knowledge/ experience required
Proven understanding of and professional experience working on issues related to accountability
to affected populations.
Over 10 years of progressively responsible professional work experience in applied social science
research with a focus on humanitarian and/or international assistance.
Excellent writing, conceptual and analytical skills including the ability to present complex
processes and issues clearly to a heterogeneous audience and in an actionable manner.
Demonstrated professional research and writing experience, including through publications.
Advanced university degree in Social Sciences or a related technical field.
Knowledge of UNICEF programming on in humanitarian and fragile settings preferred.
10. Deadline for Submissions
Interested candidates are requested to submit (1) a letter of interest, outlining your relevant
background and experience, (2) an updated P11 form, and (3) 2 writing samples to Steven Rossi at email: srossi@unicef.org by Sunday 28 October, 2012.