Sci 7 – Earth’s Crust 8.5 Finding Patterns in Geological Data Finding Patterns in Geological Data Scientists look for patterns in data to support theories. Geologists know that tremendous forces build up as tectonic plates move against each other. Is there a direct connection between plate movement and the location of mountain ranges, volcanoes, and earthquakes? If so, how would this connection support the theory of plate tectonics? Part I – Making Predictions Based on your knowledge of plate tectonics, make a prediction to answer the following questions; 1. Where are earthquakes most likely to occur? Prediction: ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ 2. Where are volcanoes most likely to occur? Prediction: ___________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ 3. Where are mountain ranges most likely to occur? Prediction: ___________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ Part II – Using Data Directions: Using the data table and latitude/longitude map provided work through the following steps. 1. Label 00 Latitude as the equator and label 00 longitude as the Prime Meridian. 2. Outline the continents in a dark green pencil crayon and shade the interior of the continents a lighter green. Then shade the oceans blue. 3. On the world place a small black circle at the location of each earthquake listed in Table 1. 4. Place a small red triangle on your world map at the location of each volcano listed on Table 2 5. Use a third colour to mark the location of the following mountain ranges; Rockies, Urals, and Appalachians. You will have to use an Atlas or the internet to help you. 6. Once your world map data has been plotted, compare it to your Plate Boundaries Map and see if you can find any pattern in the locations of earthquakes, volcanoes or mountain ranges. 7. Go back and look at your predictions. Do the patterns you found support, partly support, or not support your predictions? Write a short paragraph that explains what you have learned in this investigation.