Coiling 5 Places Lecture 1) Minoan Culture, southern islands of present day Greece. 2700-1450 BCE. Images: Octopus Pot, Crete Coiled Pitchers from Santorini 2) Bantu Speaking Africa, South and Central Africa Images: South African Artist Nesta Nala with fine art examples of Black Fired Zulu Beer Pots. Pottery made by her daughter Jabu Nala. Black Fired Figurative Effigy from Congo. These were made for local chiefs and western trade between 1900-1920 when the Congo was first a private fiefdom of the Belgian King Leopold II (1885-1908) and then a Belgian Colony governed by the Belgian Parliament. Vessels made by Magdalene Odundo. Odundo: born in Kenya, raised in India, went to university in England, studied pottery in American Southwest , Kenya and Japan, now teaches in Surrey, England. 3) Ancient traditions and revived forms from what is now U.S. Southwest (New Mexico, Arizona, Colorado) and the Mexican states of Chihuahua and Sonora where Anasazi, Mogollon and Hohokam Cultures lived Images: Pottery from Casa Grandes area of Chihuahua, circa 13th and 14th century, pre-Spanish. Mimbres plate from southern New Mexico. The Mimbres people lived in the area from 100 AD to 1150 AD. They are sometimes seen as a branch of Mogollon Culture. Juan Quezada, who in the 1950s, developed a contemporary style of pottery that revived the ancient designs of Casa Grandes. His village, Mata Ortiz, is now a center of pottery production. Pottery by Maria Martinez, San ldefonso Pueblo, New Mexico. The Pueblo people have continuously inhabited San Ildefonso since 1300 AD. The Pueblo people’s ancestors were the Anasazi, or Ancestral Pueblo People whose pottery shards can still be found in nearby cliff dwellings. Already a potter, Martinez work became famous when she and her husband Julian Martinez began incorporating pre-historic, Anasazi techniques into their work around 1904. 4) India – For a comprehensive look at historic Indian ceramics, see Traditional Pottery of India by Jane Perryman (here in the ceramics library). Images: Coiling method that starts with a thick disc that is thinned and pulled upwards before coils are added - all this done on a bat turned with the foot. Maharashtra, Central India. Expanding thrown pots with paddles and anvils in Himachal Pradesh (N. India, near the Himalayas). Firing large water pots made by coiling inside press molds, just outside Delhi, Capitol of India. Coiling large ceramic horse, Tamil Nadu, Southern India. 5) Korea, the Onggi Tradition. Onggi are a folk pottery tradition. Onggi are used to store and ferment vegetables and sauces (kimchee, soy sauce). They are often coiled on a kick wheel, using both flattened and round coils. There is now an Onggi Festival in Ulsan, Korea every autumn. Images: Onggi and utube: “Korean Onggi Potter”, Part 1, Part 2 and Lids.