Remember essay format! There should be a clear beginning, middle, and end. The parts should logically flow and connect together. Think of the pieces as building blocks. Get specific and engage directly with the text. Do not just speak around it in generalizations. Remember that the essay should go beyond identification and definition. It should make connections between the device and thematic meaning in the text. Title: Stitching History—Passing Down Heritage in Walker’s “Everyday Use” I. Introduction A. Provide a couple of sentences on Walker and “Everyday Use.” 1.In an interview with Walker for his book on African-American quilters, Roland Freeman asks her "what she would like to say to people in general about quilting." Walker replies, "That they should learn to do it. That they should think less about collecting quilts and give more thought to making them. It may do all kinds of good things, too, to collect what others have made, but I think that it is essential that we know how to express, you know, our own sense of connection. And there is no better sense of understanding our own creation than to create, and so we should do that." B. Emphasize quilting as a metaphor for heritage in the story and its connection to POV. C. Thesis: The Mother’s POV highlights different systems of identifying with place and one’s heritage through her view of Maggie and Dee; however, by telling the story from her perspective, Walker reveals an affinity between the Mother and Maggie and the heritage she embraces. II. Mom’s POV of Dee A. Dee is ashamed of them, arrogant, materialistic, embraces false words. 1. Distance between them (game show example). 2. Reading to them (lies and story’s not their own) 3. Almost happy the house burnt down. (dance qte) B. Dee seeks roots in Africa. 1. Dress, etc (p67) 2. Greets Mother in foreign tongue. 3. Changes name to Wangero. Only sees the oppressor in Dee rather than family naming conventions. C. Dee wants to collect her country American heritage rather than embrace it. 1. Snaps pictures of the house. 2. Desires churn for decoration. 3. Desires quilt b/it is priceless III. Mom’s POV of Maggie. A. Maggie is quiet, humble, and homely. B. Maggie knows family history. 1. Maggie knows who whittled the dasher. She even knows his nickname. 2. She can remember her grandma without the quilts. (qte p69) 3. Her history is literally burned into her. Image of Mom holding her and her burnt skin sticking to her. Her hair and dress smoking and falling off. The two embracing symbolically connect them to the burning house and by extension history. C. Maggie knows quilt making. 1. She’ll not only be able to fix them, but she’ll be able to incorporate them in her own quilts (her own history). 2. Her quilting has been handed down to her by two generations. (This thought touches the mother and sparks her spiritual reaction.) IV. POV textual evidence suggests that Mom sides with Maggie’s perception of history. A. Description of land/living rooms and of self. B. Dee reads to them “forcing words, lies, and other folks’ habits” (66) C. Mom thinks Dee is glad the house burned. “Why don’t you dance around the ashes I wanted to ask her?” (66) D. Insistence on naming “Dee” as an AfricanAmerican family tradition. It exists in spite of slavery/poverty. E. Description of the pieces in the quilt and who they come from. (p69) 1. bits of Grandma’s dress 2. small piece of grandpa’s union uniform F. Recognition of her place in a line of generational memory. G. Snatching the quilts back. (The reclaiming!) V. Conclusion A. Re-emphasize thesis. As I have demonstrated, POV plays a crucial role in the thematic meaning of this story. Not only does it highlight different ways of embracing identity and heritage through Dee and Maggie, but it also aligns the Mother with Maggie and a sense of an African-American identity that exists because of the shared experiences on the land. B. End by looking at the irony of Dee’s statement that the mother doesn’t know her heritage in light of the POV put forth by the mother. Ultimately, the Mother’s point of view not only undermines Dee’s, but it also validates Maggie and the symbolism of her burn marks. Maggie is left happy and on the porch with her Mother, while Dee races off to who knows what. For Thursday (2/1): Bring your handbooks for in-class writing exercises. Due: A typed outline of your expository essay.