NAME - kcse online

Assist in the release of energy from carbohydrates.
Assist in the proper functioning of the nervous and digestive system.
Promotes growth in children.
Niacin prevents the occurrence of pellagra.
(any 2x1 = 2mks)
If temperature is properly set it does not require a lot of attention.
Baked foods are light and easy to digest.
Baking saves on fuel since several dishes can be cooked at the same time.
Foods baked are attractive and appeasing.
(any 2x1 = 2mks)
Be adequate for the family members and meet their individual preferences.
Balanced to meet the dietary requirements of all the family members such as children,
the elderly, adolescents and the sick.
Presented and served attractively to stimulate appetite and enjoyment.(any 2x1 = 2mks)
Tint – Light values of a colour.
Shade – Dark values of a colour.
Calcium, phosphorus and fluorine.
Fragile bones that fracture easily.
Deformity of the pelvis as a result of weakened bones.
Pain in the lower back, legs and pelvis.
Uncontrollable twitching of muscles, especially of the face and hands.(any 2x1 = 2mks)
Eclampsia is the name given to the convulsions fits that can occur if pre-eclampsia is not
(1 x 1 = 1mk)
Goods are tangible items.
A service is the work rendered at a fee – not tangible.
Looking at facts but not fantasy e.g. expect the goods to do their primary functions rather
than perform miracles.
Studying the information given to them about a product objectively rather than buy a
product because of the praises manufacturer heaps.
Using information from an advertisement to know where best deals may be found and
discover the effectiveness of a particular product.
(any 3x1 = 3mks)
(2 x 1 = 2mks)
(any 2x1 = 2mks)
(2 x 1 = 2mks)
 These are products that one needs
to use together with other products
such as sugar and tea.
 These are products that have the
same use as others available in the
market e.g. margarine and butter.
(Any def. – ½ x 2 = 1mk)
Gives a crispy and lustrous finish to silk.
(2x1 = 2mks)
 Complete dryness / remove traces of dampness.
 Prevent unpleasant smell.
 Prevent formation of mildew.
(any 2 x 1 = 2mks)
 It has a weakening effect on gluten
 Destroys the Vitamin B group of
therefore the mixture in which it has
which wheat germ is of the rich
been used to produce cakes which
are soft½ and crumbly. ½
(2 x 1 = 2mks)
Keep them clean according to type.
Store in a clean place after play.
Wash the washable ones to ensure that the baby handles them when they are clean.
Assemble the dismantled ones and repair the broken in time.
(any 2x1 = 2mks)
Adjacent method.
Cross method.
(2x1 = 2mks)
Viscose rayon.
Acetate rayon.
(2x1 = 2mks)
(any 4 x ½ = 2mks)
Back length
Chest width
(any 4x ½ = 2mks)
Finish sleeves
Matching or contrasting colour of material can be used to add interest.
Introduce style features.
(any 2x1 = 2mks)
Patch – repair of household articles.
Patch – preparation of patch pocket.
(2 x 1 = 2mks)
21. (a) Laundering woolen sweater.
 Take ½ and record½ the length and width measurements.
 Use warm ½and mild detergent ½water for washing.
 Use kneading½ and squeezing method to wash, avoid lifting the article out of water
as this would stretch it out of shape.
 Rinse½ in warm½ water severally and final rinse in warm½ water to remove all
detergent and dirt.
 Squeeze½ out as much water as possible then roll½ the sweater in a clean towel
for further removal of moisture.
 Lay it on a flat surface½ under the shade½ to dry.
 Confirm½ the size and shape.
 Press½ indirect using a warm½ iron.
 Air½ to dry completely.
 Fold½ and store appropriately in a clean dry place with Naphthalene balls (moth
(16 x ½ = 8mks)
(b) (i) Thorough cleaning plastic muddy shoes
 Protect½ the work surface.
 Scrap½ off much using a blunt ½ stick or mud scrapper.
 Wash in warm½ detergent water using a soft ½ brush or a sponge (sisal).
 Rinse in warm½ water.
 Final rinse in cold½ water and flick ½ to remove more water.
 Dry½ the shoes in the shade. ½
 Stuff½ to retain shape.
 Store½ appropriately.
(12 x ½ = 6mks)
Thorough cleaning a neglected brass ornament.
Cover½ the surface to be used with newspapers.
Dust½ the ornament inside½ and outside½ to remove lose dirt.
Shake½ brasso tin thoroughly to mix well.
Using a polishing½ rug, apply brasso sparingly½ on the ornament inside and out.
Leave½ for a few minutes to react.
Using a clean½ rug, rub½ the surface of the ornament until brasso is removed.
Rub using a clean rug folded into a pad to make it shine.
(12 x ½ = 6mks)
22. (a) Factors that affect foetal development.
 Sexually transmitted infection (STI) such as Gonorrhea and Syphillis. Gonorrhea if
passed on the eyes and are not treated, it might lead to blindness.
 HIV / AIDS may cause to suffer from full-blown AIDS and die before the fifth birthday.
 Alcohol and smoking may cause the baby to be underweight during birth.
 Drugs and prescribed medicine can lead to miscarriage.
 Trauma (unpleasant experience) causes distress or anxiety for an expectant mother.
It can cause miscarriage.
 German measles may deform the foetus if it occurs during the first three months of
 Nutrient deficiency may cause the baby to be mentally and physically retard.
(any 4 x 2 = 8mks)
(b) Reasons for finishing plain wood.
 To hide ugly appearance.
 Enhance colour scheme of room (polished, vanished, stained into various colours
 To make the surface durable.
 Easy to care e.g. painted wood.
 To appear attractive.
(any 2 x 2 = 4mks)
(c) Preparation of a shirt collar
Place the interfacing½ on the wrong side½ collar leaving the seam allowance.
Place the collar and under collar together right sides½ facing match fitting line,
raw edges together and notches.
Pin½ tack½ along the fitting lines. Leave the lower edge free.
Trim½ and layer the seam allowance.
Snip ½ the corners and curved section of the collar and clip the pointed edges.
Turn½ the collar to the RS½ and knife edge. ½
Press½ the collar.
Top stitch½ the edge for a neat finish.
(16 x ½ = 8mks)
23. (a) Points to consider when buying labour saving cleaning equipment.
 Good quality to last long.
 Buy a known brand whose spare parts can be easily obtained.
 Buy one easy to understand, operate and maintain so as to use it correctly.
 Should not be noisy when being used.
 Should have operations manual for ease of reference.
(any 4 well explained x 2 = 8mks)
(b) Designs suitable for a tall and plump figure:
 Clothes from one colour from shoulder to hem which give an unbroken line.
 Avoid large patterned fabrics as they exaggerate one’s size.
 Avoid bright colours as they make figure more fuller.
 Wear designs with vertical line which gives an illusion of reduced figure.
 Avoid clothes made of fluffy or bulky fabrics.
 Avoid tight fitting clothes as they show bulges and extra curves.
 Use limited jewellery to avoid drawing attention to body parts.
(any 2 designs well explained x 2 = 4mks)
(c) Procedure of attaching waistband on a skirt.
 Place the RS½ on the waistband to the RS½ of the skirt along ½ the waist line.
 Working from the wrong side½ of the garment, attach½ the underside½ of the band.
 Fold over½ the free½ edge of the band along the fold½ line.
 Trim½ any surplus turning if necessary.
 Place this folded½ edge above½ the machine stitches.
 Hem½ in position ½ and attach½ fastenings.
 Topstitch. ½
(any 4 explained points x 2 = 8mks)
24. (a) Activities of weight and measures department
 Raid / visit shops to check on weight and measures of machines used in trade.
 Test the machines to ensure they are in proper working order.
 Make follow up visits on traders to ensure weight and measures are correctly used.
 Check machines yearly at fee on informed dates to ensure the machines are working
 Check pre-packaged goods such as sugar to ensure correct weight.
(any 4 well explained activities x2 = 8mks)
(b) Precaution to obtain full strength boiling water starch
 Correct measurements, that is, 1 tablespoon of starch o 2 tablespoons of cold water into
which borax solution is added to avoid formation of lumps and obtain full strength.
 Correct addition of boiling water to blended starch to cook it.
 Stirring the blended starch and boiling water to avoid formation of lumps.
(any 2 well explained x2 = 4mks)
(c) How to make a French seam
 Place two pieces½ of fabric with wrong½ sides together matching fitting lines and raw
 Pin½ and tack ½ 6mm from the fitting line.
 Remove½ pins and machine½ along the tacking.
 Trim½ the seam allowance above stitching line to within 4mm. ½
 Press the seam open. ½
 Fold½ along the stitched line with RS½ together carefully knife edging. Match the
fitting lines.
 Pin and tack along FL on WS½ making sure raw edges are enclosed.
 Remove pins and machine½ along tacking.
 Remove tacking, fasten ½ off the threads.
 Press½ the completed seam.