Week 9 – Exile How was exile justified and explained? How easily were exiles to be distinguished from other travellers? What were the main challenges of life in exile? What impact did exiles have on the politics and religion of the British Isles? Primary sources Sir Thomas Palmer, extract from An essay of the meanes how to make our trauailes, into forraine countries, the more profitable and honourable (1606) Lewis Lewkenor, A discourse of the usage of the English fugitives, by the Spaniard (1595) Richard Verstegan, images from Descriptiones quaedam illus inhumanae et multiplicis persecutionis (1582-4), in A. Dillon, The Construction of Martyrdom (2002). Anonymous recusant poetry - extracts from ‘Hierusalem’; ‘The blessed conscience’ . Sir John Reresby, extracts from ‘Memoirs’ and ‘Travels’. Richard Flecknoe, extract from Relation of Ten Years' Travels in Europe, Asia, Affrique, and America (1655) Travel licences of Richard, Lord Lumley and Ralph Sheldon, from Edward Chaney, The Grand Tour and the Great Rebellion. Secondary sources Anne Dillon, The Construction of Martyrdom in the English Catholic community 1535-1603 (2002), chs. 3-5 for Verstegan. [chapter 3 scanned]. Alison Shell, Catholicism, Controversy and the English Literary Imagination, 1558-1660 (Cambridge, 1999), two chapters on ‘Exile’. – available online. M.C. Questier, ‘Loyalty, Religion and State Power in Early Modern England: English Romanism and the Jacobean Oath of Allegiance’, Historical Journal 40 (1997). Gabriel Glickman, ‘Christian reunion, the Anglo-French alliance and the English Catholic imagination’, English Historical Review (2013). Andrew Hadfield, Literature, travel and colonial writing (1998), ch. 1 (for Lewkenor) – available as library e-resource. Edward Chaney, The Grand Tour and the Great Rebellion: Richard Lassels and the ‘Voyage of Italy’ (on royalist exiles), pp. 49-70, 131-9 [scanned] Alison Games, The Web of Empire (2008) – ch. 1 (on Catholic travellers). J. Spohnholz and G. K Waite, Exile and Religious Identity, 1500–1800 (2014), ch by Gibbons Geoffrey Smith, The Cavaliers in Exile 1640-1660 (2003). Mark Williams, ‘The Devotional landscape of the royalist exile, 1649-1660’, Journal of British Studies (2014) - link on module website. Background Diarmaid MacCulloch, Reformation: Europe’s House Divided (2004) – sections on Catholicism in England. J.M. Bossy, The English Catholic Community (1976). J. Torpey, The Invention of the Passport: Surveillance, Citizenship and the State (2000),ch. 1. B.J. Kaplan, Divided by Faith: Religious Conflict and the Practice of Toleration in Early Modern Europe (Harvard, 2007), chs. 4, 6. David Worthington, British and Irish Emigrants and Exiles in Europe, 1603-1688 (2010), chs. by Talbott, Bowden – available as e-resource. Ronald Hutton, Charles the Second (1989). DNB entries for Lewkenor, Flecknoe, Reresby.