Chapter 17 + 18 Southwest Asia Study Guide 1. 2. 3. 4. The Eastern Mediterranean lies on what two continents? Europe and Asia What makes commercial farming possible in the region? irrigation What is the most common climate in the Eastern Mediterranean? desert or steppe What are the most important mineral resources in the Eastern Mediterranean? phosphates and asphalt 5. What benefit would Turkey have if they joined the European Union? Improve economy through increased trade with Europe. 6. Jews moved to Palestine after what movement? Zionism 7. What are the dietary laws that Jews follow? kosher 8. How do Palestinians feel about the Jews settling in the west bank? They feel it is an invasion of their land. 9. What is the large landform found on the Arabian Peninsula? Largest sand desert in the world called the Rub’ al-Khali 10. What is the poorest country in the Arabian region? Yemen 11. What landforms are found in Iran? plateaus and mountains 12. What present-day country was the site of the world’s first civilization? Iraq 13. What does Rub’ al-Khali mean? Empty Quarter 14. Which country is made up of seven tiny kingdoms? United Arab Emirates 15. Who has ruled Saudi Arabia since 1932? Members of the Saud family 16. Which country has the world’s largest oil reserves? Saudi Arabia 17. Where are most oil fields found? near the shores of the Persian Gulf 18. What desert is in southern Israel? Negev 19. What is the West Bank? A large area disputed by Jews and Arabs in Israel 20. What bodies of water split Turkey in two parts? Bosporus Strait, Dardanelles, Sea of Marmara 21. Know the definitions of the following vocabulary: phosphates- mineral salts containing the element phosphorus asphalt- a dark, tarlike material used to pave streets. monarchy- ruled by a king or queen, the head of a royal family oasis- a wet, fertile area in a desert that forms where underground water bubbles to the surface theocracy- a government ruled by religious leaders embargo- placing a limit on trade with another country Tigris and Euphrates Rivers- Rivers in Iraq and Syria. Area between called Mesopotamia Syrian Desert –Desert in Syria and Jordan 22. What makes the Dead Sea so unique? Saltiest lake in the world and the lowest point on any continent. 23. What is the Middle East’s most plentiful resource and what might happen to this resource in the future? Oil It is non renewable so it will eventually run out. 24. What is the major religion of the Middle East and how does it influence people’s lives? Islam It has a role in the governments and cultures (ways of life) of the people of the region.