Structural Aspects of Groups

Structural Aspects of Groups
Groups typically assume proprietary orientation toward certain
geographical areas, which they try to defend against invasion.
The size of group territories varies inversely with the strength of
interpersonal relationships.
Male and female groups react differently to variations in population
There is a negative relationship between status and the favorability
of spatial position in the group.
Persons interact more frequently with persons seated facing them,
than with persons seated adjacent to them.
Communication patterns in groups are determined, in part by the
seating arrangements in the group.
A leader is more likely to emerge in a centralized communication
network than in a decentralized network.
Group members have lower morale in decentralized networks than
in centralized communication networks.
Groups usually require more time to complete a task than do
individuals working alone.
10. Groups learn faster than individuals.
11. As group size increases, the complexity of interpersonal
relationships increases arithmetically.
12. The distribution of participation gets more and more uneven as the
number of members increases.
13. The total amount of talking tends to increase as group size
14. As group size increases the degree of structure and centralization of
leadership tends to increase.
15. Individual rates of participation are closely associated with higher
satisfaction with a group.
16. Groups with even numbers of members tend to have more trouble
reaching agreement than do odd numbered groups.
17. The ideal task oriented discussion group seems to be 5 persons.
18. The ideal learning group size may range from 3 - 15 persons.
19. Highly cohesive groups exert greater influence over their members
than do low cohesive groups.
20. Members conform more in mixed sex groups than in same sex
21. The more ambiguous the task, the less the probability that a group
member will conform to the perceived norms of the group.
22. There is a tendency for the group leader to be older than other group
23. Conformity behavior increases with chronological age to about age
25 and decreases thereafter.
24. Women use eye contact as a form of communication more
frequently than do men.
25. Individuals who possess special skills relative to the group task
usually are more active in the group, making more contributions
toward task completion, but sharing equally in the influence on
group decisions.
26. Anxious group members inhibit effective group functioning in
terms of setting lower goals and shifting opinions more often.
27. Patterns of communication established in the information-sharing
phases of group discussion are mirrored in the decision-making
phases of interaction.
28. Larger agencies or groups depend less often upon impersonal means
for communication rules and policies, such as published statements,
or posters, than do smaller organizations and groups.
29. Larger groups have more absenteeism than smaller groups.
30. An ideal group would be composed of the smallest possible number
that contains all the skills required for the accomplishment of a
group task.
31. Decisions made after group discussion are generally more risky than
decisions made by the average individual prior to group discussion.
32. Individuals contribute in a similar manner to the group product
regardless of the composition of individuals in the group.
33. Members of highly cohesive groups communicate with each other
to a greater extent than members of groups low in cohesion.
34. Members of groups low in cohesion tend to function as individuals
rather than as group members.
35. Highly cohesive groups exert greater influence over their members
than do groups low in cohesion.
36. There does not appear to be a difference between low and high
cohesive groups in terms of goal attainment.
37. Members of highly cohesive groups are generally more satisfied
than members of low cohesive groups.
38. Compatible groups are more effective in achieving group goals than
are incompatible groups.
39. Other things being equal, groups composed of members having
diverse abilities, perform more effectively than groups composed of
members having similar abilities.
40. A high status group member may deviate from group norms without
being sanctioned if his/her deviancy contributes to goal attainment.
41. There is a general but weak predisposition toward conformity to
group norms.
42. The more ambiguous the stimulus situation, the less the probability
that a group member will conform to the perceived norms of the
43. Conformity increases with the increasing size of the majority (up to
3 persons and levels off).
44. A group member is more likely to conform to group judgment when
other members are in unanimous agreement than when they are not.
45. Greater conformity occurs in groups with decentralized
communication networks than in groups with centralized
communication networks.
46. Conformity introduces order into the group process and provides for
the coordination of individual behavior.
47. The quality of group performance, as measured by time and errors,
is negatively correlated with the cooperation requirements of the
group task.
48. Group members attempt leadership less frequently when the task is
difficult than when it is easy.
49. Individuals establish goals for their groups that influence their
behavior in ways similar to the influence of personal goals.
50. Groups rarely have distinct phases in their development.