Fossil Notes Fossils: Preserved remains or impressions of organisms from the Earth’s past. Fossil Types Remains: Part of the living organisms that remain together after the organism’s living material has decomposed Trace Fossils: Tracks, trails, burrows, or nests that show the activity of on organism Unaltered Remains The organism’s structure has not been decomposed or changed Unaltered Fossils can be preserved in Tree resin (amber) Tar By mummification By freezing Altered Remains Fossils are changed when they are preserved Mineral matter seeps into the organism and replaces living cells after the remains have been buried. Ex. Bones, teeth, shells Molds/Casts The impression of an organism that is left behind is a mold. After a mold is made sand or other material fill the mold, and over time hardens and creates a replica of the original organism this is a cast. Why are fossils important to scientists? Helps us to figure out what organisms lived on Earth Helps us to figure our the events of the Earth’s past.