Types of Reactions Lab Name __________________________ Date _______________ Period ______ INTRODUCTION Matter can undergo both physical and chemical changes. Chemical changes result in the formation of new materials. Observable signs of chemical reaction include the release of a gas, a change in color, the formation of a solid, and the production of heat and light. Chemical reactions can be classified in many ways. One classification system involves five general types of reactions: synthesis, decomposition, single displacement, double displacement, and combustion. In this lab, you will perform several reactions and classify them as one or more of the five general types. SAFETY Wear gloves when handling Silver Nitrate, AgNO3 Do NOT look directly at burning magnesium. The intense light may damage your eyes. Wear safety goggles at ALL times. We are working with hazardous chemicals. PROCEDURE Start off at a station and complete the reaction within the five minutes allotted. Make sure to record all observations and to write down reactants. Make sure to clean up your lab station when you are done and to dump chemicals in appropriate waste jars. We will complete the equations together in class Monday. Reaction A 1. Add about 1 mL (1 mL one squirt from the pipette) of calcium chloride solution, CaCl2, to a clean test tube. Next, add about 1 mL of sodium carbonate solution, Na2CO3, to the same test tube. Record your observations. Dispose of solution down the sink. Reaction B 2. Stand a clean test tube in the test tube rack and add 1-2 mL of Silver Nitrate, AgNO3. Carefully add a piece of copper wire into test tube. 3. Stir the solution gently and record your observations. Dispose of solution in waste jar. Reaction C 4. Follow Mr. T’s instructions to burn methane bubbles in your hands. Make sure your hands are wet and you do not pull hands toward your face when the bubbles ignite. 5. Record observations below. Reaction D 6. Place a watch glass next to the burner. Examine a piece of magnesium ribbon and record your observations. Using crucible tongs, hold the ribbon in the burner flame until the magnesium starts to burn. DO NOT LOOK DIRECTLY AT THE FLAME. Hold the burning magnesium directly over the watch glass. When the ribbon stops burning, place the remains on the watch glass. Examine this product thoroughly and record your observations. Turn off the burner. Throw waste in jar and wash off watch glass. Demo (Monday) Record observations of the reaction in the table on the next page. OBSERVATIONS Record the appearance of the reactants before and the products after each reaction takes place. REACTION BEFORE REACTION AFTER REACTION A. B. C. D. ANALYSIS Write down the starting materials for each reaction you do. Predict the products and classify the reaction. Reaction A Reactants → → B → C → D → Demo → Products Classification CONCLUSIONS Answer the following questions based on the results of your lab: What signs did you observe that indicated a chemical reaction was taking place? Be specific.