One of the most important matters in the study of the any language
development is the term of sociolinguistics; in this chapter “Language in
society/Society in Language” we will review this branch of the study of the
language process. We are going to see how important is the relationship
between the development of any language and the social interaction.
Moreover we will study how the language could vary according to many
factors. And finally we will analyze the importance that the society gives to
the way how you speak.
According to one of the objective of this class it says that this course
familiarizes students with history of the English language, which is why to
read this chapter is useful because every student could realize that the
notions of language and dialectic are social construct before that linguist
construct, according to Noam Chomsky the sociolinguistics is not
concerned with grammar but it concern with how every person speak. The
“communicative competences” are involved with sociolinguistic
considering that this depend on the society, the emphasis between one
and others features in the development of communication are bound to
the culture.
The dialect refers to a variation, which is generally tied up to
language. It could be related to territory as well as social group. In the
case of the territory, the territorials regions generate specific features that
modify the language and making it different from the other. In the case of
social factor group it is modified by the place where it is located. In this
case the language is how we are representing us as a part of a specific
small group, unlike of the territorial one which symbolized where we came
from. Without going too far, we could realize that when you hear some
Argentinean and Peruvian person speaking, they probably will not have
many problems to understand each other due to they share the same
language, but they will speak different accents according to their ages,
social background, gender, location, etc.
In the text was mentioned the differences on social varieties and
how they can identify some status into a specific groups, as we can see in
our own country the differences are evident because you can differentiate
at least three different variations according to social background, first we
have the highest level which speak only people that have formal education
in university context, then in second place we have the colloquial fashion
which is understood by the most common people, and finally we have the
language that speak only people that has poor formal education and it is
sometimes understandable for the rest of the people due to they use a lot
of slang and words that only are common for them, words taken from
their own personal experiences.