Q. Give two methods of fruit and seed dispersal.

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3.6.1 Fruit Formation & Dispersal FMQuiz Homework Solution
Q. From what does a seed develop?
A. Ovule
Q. Name a part of a flower that may develop into a
fruit.
A. Ovary
Q. What is an endospermic seed?
A. Main food store is in the endosperm
Q. Name a carbohydrate that you would expect to
be present in the food store of a seed.
A. Starch
Q. State one method that is used to produce
seedless fruits.
A. Growth regulator; Selective propagation
Q. From what structure in the carpel does the seed
develop?
A. Ovule
Q. State two locations in the seed where food may
be stored.
A. Cotyledon; Endosperm
Q. The radicle of the embryo will develop into the
…
A. Root
Q. Give two methods of fruit and seed dispersal.
A. Wind; Animal; Self; Water
Q. What is a cotyledon?
A. A ‘seed leaf’, i.e. the first leaf that develops in
the embryo. It is a food store
Q. Name a monocotyledon.
A. Grass, Maize, etc.
Q. Name a dicotyledon.
A. Broad bean, Peanut, Pea, etc.
Q. The plumule of the embryo will develop into the
…
A. Shoot
Q. Give two advantages of fruit and seed dispersal
to a plant.
A. Colonisation; Reduces competition
Q. What is meant by fertilisation?
A. Fusion of gametes; Formation of zygote
Q. To which part of a flower is pollen carried?
A. Stigma of the carpel
Q. Some flowers have nectaries. How are these
flowers pollinated?
A. Insects
Q. Give an example of a plant that uses animals as
a method of seed dispersal.
A. Blackberry; Burdock
Q. Suggest why cross-pollination is preferable to
self-pollination.
A. Increases variation; Reduces chance of genetic
problems
Q. Give an example of a plant that uses wind as a
method of seed dispersal.
A. Dandelion; Sycamore
Q. What is the role of the fruit?
A. Reproduction; Seed dispersal
Q. What is an embryo?
A. Part of seed that becomes the new plant
Q. What is a non-endospermic seed?
A. Main food store is in cotyledons
Q. What is the next step after pollination in the
lifecycle of the plant?
A. Fertilisation
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