Verb Mood

Moods in Verbs
Some verbs are in the imperative mood, which expresses commands or
requests. Though it is not stated, the understood subject of imperative
sentences is you.
Be here at seven o'clock. (Understood: You be here at seven o'clock.)
Cook me an omelet. (Understood: You cook me an omelet.)
Bring your books with you. (Understood: You bring your books with you.)
The interrogative (indicating a state of questioning): "Will you leave me
alone now?" One marker of the interrogative is that frequently the speaker
inverts the subject-verb order by placing the helping verb first, before the
"Will you leave me alone?" instead of "You will leave me alone."
Frequently the interrogative appears with requests for a course of action or
He was here.
I am hungry.
She will bring her books.
Command, request
Most verbs we use are in the indicative mood, which indicates a fact or opinion:
(YOU) understood
requests for information.
The Conditional Mood regards the action as not factually occurring in
reality, but only as a result of a potential fulfillment of some condition.
• The Present Conditional (would+base verb) expresses hypothetical results,
reporting what someone said, and in polite speech.
If I won the lottery, I would go on a trip around the world.
• The Past Conditional (would+ have+ past participle form of the verb) expresses
hypothetical outcomes that may have occurred in the past and can no longer be
If you had told me about the party, I would have come with you (but you didn’t).
When you express a wish or something that is not actually true, use the past tense or
past perfect tense; when using the verb 'to be' in the subjunctive, always use were
rather than was:
If he were here... (Implied: ...but he's not.)
I wish I had something to eat. (Implied: ...but I don't.)
It would be better if you had brought your books with you. (Implied: ...but
you haven't brought them.)
could, would
When verbs show something contrary to fact, they are in the subjunctive mood.
If, might,