Rock Cycle Exam Study Guide
Match the vocabulary word to its correct definition:
1. ___________ Intrusive
2. ___________ Clastic
A. Has thin layers of aligned minerals. Can look like stripes or
sheets. Indicates Metamorphic rock.
B. Small Pieces of material from rocks or living things. Examples
are sand, pebbles, clay, etc
3. ___________ Texture
C. Rock that has changed form
4. ___________ Cementation
D. Igneous rock that has large crystals because it has cooled
slowly INSIDE the earth. Granite is an example
E. The look and feel of a rock’s surface. Includes grain, crystals,
and pattern
5. ___________Sediment
6. __________Foliated
7. __________ Metamorphic
F. The process by which dissolved minerals recrystalize and
form sediment into a rock
G. Sedimentary rock formed from the particles of other rocks
8. Fill in the following table:
Rock Type
How Does it Form?
How is it classified?
What are Some
Multiple Choice:
9. A rock that is low in silica and dark in color is called: ___________________
a. folliated
b. mafic
c. felsic
10. The names of the three major rock groups refer to: _____________________
a. how the rocks were formed
b. the rock’s grain size/shape
c. When the rocks were formed
d. Who discovered the rock groups
11. The rock cycle is driven by: ______________________
a. Erosion
b. Volcanic Activity
c. Plate tectonics
12. Imagine you are digging dinosaur fossils in Wyoming. What are most of the rocks around
you? _____________________
a. Igneous
b. Metamorphic
c. Sedimentary
13. For millions of years granite in Southern Oregon was squeezed by plate collisions and
transformed into gneiss. Gneiss is ___________________
a. Igneous
b. Metamorphic
c. Sedimentary