Science Final Study Guide Semester 1 2015-16 Chapter 5 Energy Resources 1) Define the following renewable resources and what they specifically do. A. BiomassB. Hydroelectric energyC. Geothermal energyD. Solar energy2) How does rain effect the burning of fossil fuels for energy? 3) Why has oil become a cost–effective source of energy? 4) What is the difference between renewable and non-renewable resources? 5) Name natural resources that are considered renewable and how we use them? 6) When is a natural resource, like trees used for building materials, considered nonrenewable? Diagram for questions 7A and 7B 7A) The diagram above shows a pencil along with the four materials that are used to make it. Name the methods used to obtain the natural resources used to make the Wood casing Aluminum Ferrule 7B) Which of the materials from the pencil picture can be made from a renewable resource? 8) What is the difference between the harvesting method called “selective logging” and “clear cutting”? Chapter 6- Plate Tectonics 1)List three facts regarding the Earth's mantle? 2)List three facts regarding the Earth's crust? 3)Define the earth layers and what they are made of? CoreMantleCrust4) Define how the lithosphere differs from the asthenosphere? 5) Define the following words EarthquakeFlat plateauMountain chainRift valley- 6) Which layer of the Earth has the greatest pressure? 7) Define the following terms specifically Oceanic crustContinental crustMantle crustGranitic crust- Chapter 7 Earthquakes 1)Describe how earthquakes are caused. 2)Circle the area where it is more likely an earthquake can occur? A near a volcano B in a fissure C on a fault D along the coast 3)Earthquakes would be considered a rapid release of __________. 4) Define an epicenter. Back to the Basics! Chapter 1 Scientific Method and Measurement and Safety 1) Define the steps of the Scientific Method specifically. 2) 3)The scale map above shows Red Rock Island. Using the scale and legend answer the following questions. A)How many miles is A from B?______ B)How many miles is A from D?______ C)Which building is closer to the airport? ______ D)Which building is closer to the lighthouse?______ E)Which building is closer to the lake?___________ F)I am walking from the lighthouse to the lake. How many miles will I approximately walk? ________________ 4)Look at the following representation of a hill. Define what the zero contour line in the above topographic map indicates? Define what the 100 contour line indicates?