Name:____________________ Short Stories Packet Overview Setting - The time and location When, where, what Weather Social conditions (who can talk to who). Racism Personification - Giving an object people-like characteristics Inanimate object people-like characteristics Example: The trees danced in the wind Engages the reader Theme - Main idea the author is trying to get across - Theme cannot be one word - Take a main topic from the story and figure out what the author is saying about it. - It’s not the message/moral - It never appears (right-there) in the story - Ex. Love must end in tragedy - Plot – Plot Points/Plot Graph 1.Beginning, introduction, exposition 2. Initial Incident – event that sets off conflict 3.Rising Action (something increases) 4.Climax 5.Falling Action 6. Resolution, Conclusion, Denouement, End Types of conflict Person vs self (decision) Person vs. God/Fate Person vs Person Person vs society Person vs nature Person vs supernatural Person vs technology What is conflict? There are two sides, each side’s goals cannot co-exist. P.O.V. / Narrative Style - from whose perspective is the story being told? - 1st person narrative “I am going to the store” -2nd person narrative “You are going to the store" -3rd person narrative “Ben is going to the store” “He is going to the store” Limited – no access to thoughts. Omniscient – narrator knows all. Actions and thoughts. Be aware of verb tense! Foreshadowing - Dropping hints of what’s to come - Implied, not explicit Twist Ending – story ends in a way that was not expected. Story does build towards this new ending, however. Mood – emotions the reader feels from reading. Also applies to a setting. Flashback – an event that already happened gets mentioned. Suspense – a feeling of dread or anticipation. Suspense increases during the rising action. Symbolism – Use a tangible object (something you can touch) to represent something intangible (you can’t touch).