Chapter 13: European Middle Ages, 500 - 1200
Section 3: The Age of Chivalry
Knights: Warriors on Horseback
Soldiers mounted on horseback became valuable in combat during the 700s.
Observing Muslim
cavalry change the tide of battle, Frankish troops ______________________________________.
 The Warrior’s Role in Feudal Society
o By the 11th century, western Europe was a battleground for warring nobles vying
for power
To defend territory, feudal lords raised __________________________________
In exchange, knights were awarded __________ which allowed them to
Knighthood and the Code of Chivalry
The code of chivalry – ________________________________________ – demanded that a knight
fight bravely in defense of 3 masters: his earthly feudal lord, his heavenly lord and his
chosen lady.
The ideal knight was loyal, brave and courteous.
 A Knight’s Training
o At age 7, a son of a noble would be sent to the castle of another lord to
Waited on his hosts and began to practice fighting skills
o At age 14, a page ____________________________________
Acted as __________________ to a knight
o Around 21, a squire would become a ______________________________
Most young men then traveled for a year or two
Many gain experience fighting in _____________________
Some took part in ____________________ called ____________________________
Combine ___________________ with _______________________________
Were fierce and bloody competitions
Winners would demand __________________________ from defeated knights
Chapter 13: European Middle Ages, 500 - 1200
 Brutal Reality of Warfare
o Massive walls and guard towers encircled stone castles
A castle under siege was a gory site
Defenders of a castle would pour ____________________________________
______________________________________ on enemy soldiers while expert
archers armed with crossbows that could pierce armor lined the roof
Women’s Role in Feudal Society
 Noblewomen
o In the feudal system, a noblewoman ______________________________from her husband
o Upon her lord’s request, she could send knights into war
o Often acted as military commander and a warrior while defending the castle
o They were confined to activities __________________________________________
o Held little property because fiefs were passed down to _________ but daughters
were _________________________________
 Peasant Women
o Performed endless hours of labor in both ________________________________________
o Young girls learned practical household skills from their mothers at an early age