ACTION PAPER #: A-AP-01 FORUM: Advisory Panel QUESTION OF: Situation in Burma SUBTOPIC OF: Promoting Measures to Combat Crimes and Human Rights Violations MAIN-SUBMITTED BY: Russian Federation 1. Encourages the government of Myanmar to cooperate and engage with the United Nations and other international organizations, including the International Committee of the Red Cross, the Special Representative of Secretary-General for Children and Armed Conflict, and the International Labor Organization, and full implementation of relevant agreements, including Convention No. 138 on the Minimum Age for Admission to Employment and Convention No. 182 on the Worst Forms of Child labor, in order to end recruitment of child soldiers in Burma and to eliminate the forced labors; MAIN-SUBMITTED BY: Germany 2. Strongly recommends the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) to combine the definitions of Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) and of refugees into an extended definition that includes both groups in order to have a collective legislation for all displaced persons seeking political asylum; MAIN-SUBMITTED BY: Japan 3. Recommends all nation states to raise awareness about the refugee situation in Myanmar especially on World Refugee Day, June 20th, so that world recognition may bring international aid through ways such as but not limited to: a. posters in public places , b. promotional videos , c. television advertisements, d. promotion activities related to human rights, e. Co-operating with Non-Governmental Organizations (NGO) to host public educational programs for spreading awareness, f. propaganda; MAIN-SUBMITTED BY: Germany 4. Strongly urges the nation of Myanmar to create a clear set of judicial laws that prohibit extreme human rights violations in attempt to cease all humans rights violations in the country that include but not limited to: a. forced labor, b. torture, c. rape, d. burnings of villages, e. attack on civilians, f. forced relocations, g. religious persecution; MAIN-SUBMITTED BY: Germany 5. Encourage the government to create a security police department that ensures the enforcement of laws created through the means of the following but not limited to: a. executing stronger consequences and punishments for human right violation crimes, b. systematic patrolling in the highly populated areas to target areas of heavy crime; MAIN-SUBMITTED BY: Germany 6. Strongly recommends the nation of Myanmar to establish peaceful dialogues between different religious and culture groups in an attempt to stop minority discrimination and abuse by: a. holding annual meetings to work out culture and religious differences in order to achieve religious and culture freedom, b. educational promotions about diversity so that civilians may be more accepting of different practices; MAIN-SUBMITTED BY: Brazil 7. Requests the more economically developed countries to help Myanmar by donating some of the unnecessary used items in their own country and support it: a. P5 to actively take charge in supporting Myanmar due to having good relationship with the country, b. UNHCR to develop further ways to find people who were forced out of their homes and not having their own citizenship, i. send out peacekeepers to patrol around the area where a lot of fled civilians were found, ii. to welcome any civilians without a citizenship or money, c. UNHCR to help once again for better protection, shelter, camp coordination and camp management (CCCM), and non-food items (NFIs); MAIN-SUBMITTED BY: India 8. Calls upon the Government of Myanmar to take further steps, such as but not limited to: a. to take measures to protect the civilian population and for safe, timely, full and unhindered humanitarian access, b. to ensure the safety of populations, release all arbitrarily detained persons, including political prisoners such as Aung San Suu Kyi and other Non-Governmental Organization (NGO) representatives, c. to contribute safe, timely, full, and unopposed humanitarian access across Myanmar to all persons in need and assist the return of individuals to their original communities, d. to resolve the issue by implementing short- and long-term measures, taking into account a policy of assimilation, reconciliation and peaceful living between all communities in Myanmar; MAIN-SUBMITTED BY: USA 9. Encourages other member nations to aid Myanmar for further stabilization of the government and civilian’s life in the ways such as, but not limited to: a. signing pacts of cooperation with Burma, b. providing financial aid that would support Burmese people in ways such as, but not limited to, i. supporting people to start a new business or agricultural industry, ii. providing and improving public health care, c. providing fundamental education for Burmese children, d. accepting and protecting political refugees; MIAN-SUBMITTED BY: World Food Program 10. Calls for the development of government programs that provide direct services, care, and support for returning child soldiers to be reintegrated into society by means such as, but not limited to: a. reuniting children with their families with the cooperation of government organizations, b. establishing national and international adoption networks for situations where families are proven to have perished in the conflict or choose to adopt their children, c. establishing ‘Transition homes’, until permanent accommodations are available, where returning child soldiers receive institutional care through, i. available youth help facilities funded and built by NGOs or the national government in the cases where it is either unsafe or impossible for the minors to return to their original families, ii. the implementation of psychological and social rehabilitation where children will receive specific skill training or other types of education and development to reintegrate child soldiers and other wartime children into society; MIAN-SUBMITTED BY: World Food Program 11. Authorizes the employment and assignment of UNO branch groups including: a. international troops to monitor legal actions toward children and other civilians during wartime to perform functions including, but not limited to: i. protect the civilians in refugee camps and war free zones, ii. prevent force military recruitment of child soldier, b. United Nations personnel and Transparency International (TI) to monitor the government’s adherence to any human rights related protocols, to the extent ratified, and to confirm the validity of the monthly reports such government must submit to the UN regarding its actions, c. training judiciary, police, security personnel and armed forces, especially those participating in peace-keeping operations, in humanitarian and human rights law, potentially educating law enforcement by: i. modifying training and education curriculum of new officials to require all recruits to show valid personal data to verify age, ii. informing the current officials about the Universal Conventions on the Rights of the Child, in particular Article 38; MAIN-SUBMITTED BY: Brazil 12. Further welcomes the progress made in the development of some activities by the International Committee of the Red Cross, and urges the Government of Myanmar to allow it to carry out other activities in accordance with its instruction, such as but not limited to: a. granting access to detained persons and to areas of internal armed conflict, b. asking the Government of Myanmar to step up and open themselves to other non-governmental organizations and accept access from other countries, c. encouraging the other nations to also donate to non-governmental organizations for sufficient and successful support; MAIN-SUBMITTED BY: India 13. Welcomes the concern about remaining human rights violations such as but not limited to: a. arbitrary detention, i. forced displacement, ii. land confiscation, iii. rape, iv. other forms of sexual violence v. torture, cruel and inhuman degrading treatment, vi. violations of international humanitarian law.