Novel (adjective): new and innovative It would be a novel experience for me to play videogames Novelty Simplistic: Characterized by extreme simplification— OVERSIMPLIFIED—achieved by ignoring complexities; childish Negative Connotation Does NOT mean simple. SO, Thoreau does NOT tell us to live simplistic lives. Ex: Reducing all politics to good/bad To try to solve global warming just by increasing the price of cars would be simplistic. Overly simplified; childish Has idea that complications have been ignored. Conscience: awareness of right and wrong when choosing an action; guides toward right action If I cheated on a test, my conscience would certainly bother me. Conscious: Aware; awake I was not conscious of the fact that I was embarrassing my children. Ephemeral (Adj) Lasting a very short time; brief, transitory Origin: ephemos Ephemera: (Connotation—goes by quickly but we wish it were here longer) The cherry blossoms in our capitol are an ephemeral tourist attraction each spring. Selena Flagrant: adjective Definition: conspicuously bad, offensive, or reprehensible Root from flame. Sentence: Some religions believe that short skirts are flagrant offences. Flagrant violation. In flagrante delicto Gianna Alexis Milagros Atrophy- noun, verb Definition: decrease in size or wasting away of a body part or tissue Sentence: At an older age, her muscles began to undergo atrophy. Riley ASTUTE – adj Definition: clever, cunning, almost manipulating Showing ability to accurately assess. Quick to understand a situation and how to get an advantage from it Example: Mrs. Hansen astutely assigned the students to teach vocabulary lessons, so she wouldn’t have to. Astuteness – noun Astutely - adverb Lilly Dubious- adj. Definition- causing hesitation or Doubt Not to be relied upon Origin- Latin Dubare meaning to vacillate or be indecisive Example- I tried my best to win the debate, but I could tell the audience was dubious. Gianna: Ameliorate Amelioration Verb Means to make an unsatisfactory, or bad, thing better. comes from a French word meiller meaning better Sentence: In order to ameliorate a boring game like Janga, one might choose to set fire to the pieces for more excitement. Jenelle- gullible Part of speech: Adjective Other forms of the word: Gullibility- noun Gullibly- adverb Synonyms: Naïve, credulous (umlaut) Definition: easily persuaded to believe something; easily tricked, deceived, fooled, or cheated Origin: 1815- 1825 gull- dupe Sentence: The gullible tourist decided to buy many foreign delicacies even though the vendor made them overpriced. Alexis Raegen – Ambiguous (adj.) Origin: ambi(latin) – both ways, ambiguus(latin) – doubtful Definition: able to be understood in more than one way (an ambiguous answer) or unclear or inexact because of a choice between alternatives has not been made Synonyms: equivocal, ambivalent, arguable, debatable Sentence: The students were frustrated with the teacher’s ambiguous intructions. Other forms of the word: ambiguously, ambiguity (Noun) Word: extol (verb) Other word forms: extolled, extolling Definition: To give high praise, eulogize, to put above. Synonyms: glorify, celebrate, exalt Origin: Extollore (latin)- to lift up; extollen middle English-raise 1350-1400 Sentence: The majority of the class seemed to extol the actor, but I thought he was mediocre. Alexis Paucity (noun) Definition: the presence of something only in small or insufficient quantities or amounts; scarcity Origin: paucus (latin) – few Sentence: The man accused of the robbery was set free because of the paucity of evidence provided. Ben Cacophonous: Adjective, Having a harsh sound, Discordant. Synonyms: loud, not pleasant to hear Origen: (Greek root) kakos meaning bad or evil, and phone meaning voice. Other Forms: Cacophony (Noun) Sentence: When Diego realized he lost his sweater the cry he let out was cacophonous Kaka= icky MY name is Diego Didactic-adjective Definition: used to describe someone or something that tries to teach something (such as moral behavior) in a way that is annoying or unwanted Didactical Didactically-adverb Didactisism-noun Synonyms: sermonic, moralistic, preachy Even though my parents drive me crazy, I know they think they are being helpful by giving me didactic advice. Origin: didaskein(teach) GREEK didaktikos Adalid Philanthropist- Definition- a person who gives money or gifts for charities, or helps the needy. Some famous examples would be Bill Gates or Andrew Carnegie Suffix “-ist” describes a person’s particular action “Philanthropy” is from late latin philanthropia, also greek, from philanthropos Prefix- “phil” is humane, kind “anthropos” is man, mankind synonyms would be benefactor, benefactress, sponser, contributor. Sentence: Andrew Carnegie is one of the most known philanthropists, since he has donated many buildings in both the Western and Eastern United States. Amanda Elucidate (verb) Definition- to make clear of something difficult; to clarify or explain Origin- Latin elucidare meaning to make clear or enlighten Information- lucid (clear) Synonyms- clarify, illuminate, Sentence- While her lively face is conveying her feelings, her fast-moving hands elucidate her thoughts. Ex. Sherlock Homes often has to elucidate his theories for Dr. Watson Amanda Banal (adj.) Definition: devoid freshness or originality Synonyms: bland, common Antonyms: fresh, new, original Origin: French, ban- in common, commonplace Sentence: Because the movie’s plot was so banal, the audience knew exactly how the film would end. Rowan Blasphemy (Noun) Definition-The act or offense of speaking sacrilegiously about God or sacred things; also referred to as profane talk. Synonyms: Profanity and Sacrilege Latin word blasphemia, Greek word Blasphemous Example: It was blasphemy when young Bruce stated there is no god after the witnessing of his parent’s brutal murder. Jack Virulent (adj.)- poisonous intensely noxious, highly infectious malignant or deadly Spreads like a virus Latin- virulentus = poisonous The young boy got the black plague, a virulent disease. Return Prosaic: dull, boring, unimaginative Comes from prosa-ordinary tedious adjective Example: a reporter has a knack for finding the most interesting details in the prosaic suburban life.